Judaism


Judaism is one of the oldest religions in the world that still exists today. Its history, beliefs, and traditions were recorded in the Hebrew Bible beginning as early as the 8th century BCE.

Although it never achieved dominant numbers, the faith of the Hebrews—just one of many ancient Middle Eastern tribes—continues to exert a profound influence in the modern western world.

Jewish beliefs center on the conviction that there is only one God. This was a minority view in its time, but monotheism is now dominant in the western world—thanks to the influence of Judaism on the powerful religions of Christianity and Islam.

Today, approximately 14 million people identify themselves as Jews. There are three main branches of Judaism, each with different approaches to religious life. Jewish life is rich in traditions, rituals and holidays, which commemorate the past, celebrate the present, and express hope for the future.


  • Jewish Beliefshttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/beliefs

    What Do Jews Believe? Judaism is one of the oldest religions in the world. Their sacred text, the Hebrew Bible, teaches several doctrines - such as those about God, the Messiah, human beings, and the universe - making beliefs very important to Jews...

  • Jewish Denominations and Sectshttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/branches

    What's the Difference? Judaism is one of the oldest religions in the world. While adherents are bonded by certain core beliefs, there is also diversity within the faith...

  • Jewish Ethical Viewshttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/ethics

  • Judaism Factshttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/facts

  • Judaism Glossaryhttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/glossary

    The terminology of the Jewish religionAdonai(Hebrew, "Lord"). One of the most common Jewish names for God, used especially during prayer...

  • Jewish Historyhttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/history

    History is of the utmost importance in Judaism. Whereas the sacred texts of most ancient religions focus on myths and philosophical concepts, the Jewish Bible is centered around historical narrative; and most Jewish holidays are intended to connect modern Jews with their historical ancestors and traditions...

  • Jewish Holidays and Festivalshttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/holidays

    In Judaism, life is marked by numerous special days in which adherents take time out of their everyday lives to stop work and focus on God and his mitzvot (commandments), including Sabbath services and holidays...

  • Jewish Listshttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/lists

  • Jewish Things: Ritual Objects in Judaismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/objects

    Sacred items in Judaism As in many religions, the practice of Judaism involves several different kinds of ritual objects, ceremonial garb, religious utensils and symbolic items that give expression to faith...

  • People in Judaism - Biographieshttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/people

    Famous people in the Jewish religion Beginning with its forefather, Abraham, the Jewish religion has been filled with interesting, faithful, yet imperfect followers...

  • Jewish Practices and Ritualshttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/practices

    In Judaism, rituals and religious observances are grounded in Jewish law (halakhah, lit. "the path one walks." An elaborate framework of divine mitzvot, or commandments, combined with rabbinic laws and traditions, this law is central to Judaism...

  • Jewish Symbolshttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/symbols

    What are the Symbols of Judaism? Name: Star of David Also known as "the Shield of David," this hexagram has been used as a symbol in Judaism since the 17th century...

  • Jewish Sacred Textshttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/texts

    People of the Book Followers of the Jewish religion are known as the "People of the Book," an appropriate title. After the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE and the subsequent exile, sacrifices became impossible and Jewish religious life turned to Torah study and prayer in the synagogue...

  • Timeline of Judaism - Jewish Historyhttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/timeline

    A Chronology of the Jewish faith The Jewish religion is one of the most historic faiths our world has ever known. It dates back to the ancient Hebrews, whose ancestral father was the patriarch Abraham...