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Zoroastrianism Zoroastrianism fast facts and introduction

Adherents

200,000

Place Founded

Ancient Persia

Date Founded

c. 6th century BCE

Founder(s)

Zoroaster

Beliefs

one God, Ahura Mazda, who has an evil opponent, Aura Mainyu; judgment after death; heaven and hell

Practices

prayers; tending the sacred fire; coming of age rituals; burial by exposure in the Tower of Silence

Main Holidays

Gahanbars (seasonal festivals), Noruz (New Year), Mehragan (festival of Mithra)

Texts

Zend Avesta

Symbols

Faravahar

Zoroastrianism is the ancient, pre-Islamic religion of Persia (modern-day Iran). It survives there in isolated areas but primarily exists in India, where the descendants of Zoroastrian Persian immigrants are known as Parsis, or Parsees. In India the religion is called Parsiism.

Founded by the Iranian prophet and reformer Zoroaster in the 6th century BCE, Zoroastrianism contains both monotheistic and dualistic features. Although a fairly small religion today, numbering about 200,000 adherents, it shares many central concepts with the major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

Sources

  • Zoroastrianism.” BBC Religion & Ethics. Web. Accessed 9 Feb. 2017.