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Sikhism Fast Facts


23 million


one God: Ik Onkar


Prayer and meditation on God's name, services at temple (gurdwara), turban and five Ks. Balance work, worship, and charity. No monasticism or asceticism.


Adi Granth (Sri Guru Granth Sahib)



Sikhism Overview

Sikhism emerged in 16th-century India in an environment heavily permeated with conflicts between the Hindu and Muslim religions. Its founding teacher, Guru Nanak Dev, was born in 1469 to a Hindu family. His most famous saying was, "There is no Hindu, there is no Muslim, so whose path shall I follow? I shall follow the path of God." Today, there are about 23 million Sikhs worldwide, making Sikhism the fifth largest religion in the world.

The table of contents below will direct you to various topics on the Sikh faith, from their beliefs to their history, to their sacred days, to important literature.

  • Sikh Beliefs

    Sikhism is one of the youngest world religions in the Eastern world. It was established in 16th century India. At that time, the dominant religion of the country, Hinduism, was in conflict with one of the newest religions from the West, Islam... full article →
  • Sikh Glossary

    Definitions of terms related to Sikhism. full article →
  • Sikh History

    ## Sikhism's Origins: The Life of Guru Nanak Guru Nanak (20 October 1469 - 7 May 1539) is the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus... full article →
  • Sikh Holidays

    Sacred days are a high priority in the Sikh faith. The most important holidays in Sikhism are gurpurbs, festivals marking the birthday or martyrdom of a Guru... full article →
  • Sikh Objects

    The most important ritual object in Sikhism is the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book. It is treated with great reverance and strict procedures... full article →
  • Sikh Symbols

    The primary symbol of Sikhism is the Khanda. Other symbols include a calligraphic representation of Ik Onkar, a word referring to the One Reality. full article →
  • Sikh Timeline

    The history of Sikhism at a glance. full article →

Article Info

Title Sikhism
Last UpdatedNovember 17, 2016
URL www.religionfacts.com/sikhism
Short URLrlft.co/1345
MLA Citation “Sikhism.” ReligionFacts.com. 17 Nov. 2016. Web. Accessed 27 Feb. 2017. <www.religionfacts.com/sikhism>

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