Sikhism


Sikhism emerged in 16th-century India in an environment heavily permeated with conflicts between the Hindu and Muslim religions. Its founding teacher, Guru Nanak Dev, was born in 1469 to a Hindu family. His most famous saying was, "There is no Hindu, there is no Muslim, so whose path shall I follow? I shall follow the path of God." Today, there are about 23 million Sikhs worldwide, making Sikhism the fifth largest religion in the world.

The table of contents below will direct you to various topics on the Sikh faith, from their beliefs to their history, to their sacred days, to important literature.


  • Sikh Religious Beliefshttp://www.religionfacts.com/sikhism/beliefs

    What do Sikhs believe? Sikhism is one of the youngest world religions in the Eastern world. It was established in 16th century India. At that time, the dominant religion of the country, Hinduism, was in conflict with one of the newest religions from the West, Islam...

  • Sikh Ethicshttp://www.religionfacts.com/sikhism/ethics

  • Fast Facts on Sikhismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/sikhism/facts

    An Overview of Sikhism The word "Sikhism" derives from "Sikh," which means a strong and able disciple. There are about 23 million Sikhs worldwide, making Sikhism the 5th largest religion in the world...

  • Glossary of Sikhismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/sikhism/glossary

    Adi Granth("the primal book") The Sikh sacred text, also known as the Guru Granth Sahib.Adiguru("original teacher") God.amrit("immortal" or "undying") Holy, sweetened water used for initiation into the Khalsa...

  • History of Sikhismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/sikhism/history

    Sikhism's Origins: The Life of Guru Nanak Guru Nanak (20 October 1469 - 7 May 1539) is the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus...

  • Sikh Holidays and Festivalshttp://www.religionfacts.com/sikhism/holidays

    What are the sacred days in Sikhism? Historically, Sikhism arose, baed on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev, as an alternative to Hinduism and Islam when followers of those two religions were in conflict in India during the 16th century...

  • Sikh Sacred and Ceremonial Objectshttp://www.religionfacts.com/sikhism/objects

    Guru Granth Sahib The most sacred object in Sikhism is the Guru Granth Sahib (also called the Adi Granth), the Sikh holy book. Unlike the New Testament or the Bhagavad-Gita, which are often carried around, dog-eared and placed on a shelf with other books, there are strict rules and procedures for handling the Adi Granth...

  • Sikh Symbolshttp://www.religionfacts.com/sikhism/symbols

    Sikhism symbols Name: Khanda The Khanda was introduced by the 17th century guru (i.e “teacher”), Hargobind Ji. The circle shape in the upper center of the symbol represents the caldron in which food was prepared...

  • Timeline of Sikhismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/sikhism/timeline

    1469 CEBirth of Guru Nanak in Pakistan. c. 1499 Guru Nanak founds Sikhism 1574Harimandir Sahib built May 30, 1606Torture and martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev 1666Birth of Guru Gobind Singh 1675Adi Granth compiled April 13, 1699Khalsa established Oct...