Just the facts on religion.

Glossary of Religion

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abhaya mudra
Buddhist hand gesture representing fearlessness.
Basic Points of Buddhism
In 1966, leading monks from the Theravada and Mahayana traditions met in Sri Lanka with the goal of bridging the differences between the two groups and identifying the essential points of agreement.
Darshanas
Hindu philosophy manuals based on the Vedas.
euthanasia
Euthanasia, sometimes known as "mercy-killing," is the intentional ending of a patient's life by a physician, usually by lethal injection.
Ganesha
("Lord of Hosts"). Also Ganesha, Vinayaka, Ekadanta, Lambodara, Siddhadata, Vighnaraja. God of wisdom and good fortune, represented with a pot belly and the head of an elephant. Ganesh has been one of the most popular Hindu gods since medieval times and is claimed by all sects as their own. As the remover of obstacles, he is invoked before religious ceremonies and worldly undertakings.
Great Schism
The division between Eastern and Western Christendom, which occurred in 1054 AD.
mantra
Sacred sound believed to possess supernatural powers.
mezuzah
(Hebrew, "doorpost"). Small parchment of Torah verses placed on the doorpost of Jewish homes in obedience to Deut. 6:9.
Mithraism
A Roman mystery religion based on the Persian god Mithras, which flourished from the 2nd through 4th centuries CE.
mitzvot
(Hebrew "commandments"). Commandments; religious actions (singular mitzvah). Sometimes used more generally to refer to any good deed.
Om Mani Padme Hum
Tibetan Buddhist mantra praising the "Jewel in the Lotus."
Qur'an
The sacred text of Islam, revealed to Muhammad over a 20-year period by the Angel Gabriel.
Ramadan
The ninth month in the Islamic calendar, for the duration of which Muslims fast during the daylight hours to commemorate the giving of the Qur'an.
swastika
(Sanskrit svastika, "all is well") Ancient symbol of good fortune and well-being, with a variety of uses and meanings in Hinduism, Buddhism and many other faiths.
Tanakh
(acronym for Torah, Nevi'im and Ketuvim). The Jewish Bible.
Tibetan Book of the Dead
A text that describes in detail the stages of death from the Tibetan point of view.
treasure vase
Buddhist symbol of spiritual and material wealth, abundance, and good fortune.
Trinity
The Christian conception of the one God as three persons: the God the Father, the Son, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit.
Vedas
("knowledge"). Collection of Hindu scriptures regarded as sacred and authoritative by all Hindus.
Vesak
The birthday of the Buddha and the most important festival in Buddhism, celebrated in May.

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