Just the facts on religion.

Glossary of Religion

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Advent
four Sundays before Christmas; Nov. 30 - Dec. 24
aureole
A halo that surrounds a sacred figure's whole body.
Basic Points of Buddhism
In 1966, leading monks from the Theravada and Mahayana traditions met in Sri Lanka with the goal of bridging the differences between the two groups and identifying the essential points of agreement.
euthanasia
Euthanasia, sometimes known as "mercy-killing," is the intentional ending of a patient's life by a physician, usually by lethal injection.
Ganesha
("Lord of Hosts"). Also Ganesha, Vinayaka, Ekadanta, Lambodara, Siddhadata, Vighnaraja. God of wisdom and good fortune, represented with a pot belly and the head of an elephant. Ganesh has been one of the most popular Hindu gods since medieval times and is claimed by all sects as their own. As the remover of obstacles, he is invoked before religious ceremonies and worldly undertakings.
Great Schism
The division between Eastern and Western Christendom, which occurred in 1054 AD.
Wycliffe, John
(c.1328-84) English philosopher, theologian and reformer. He is known for his English translation of the Bible and has been called the "Morning Star of the Reformation."
mantra
Sacred sound believed to possess supernatural powers.
Mithraism
A Roman mystery religion based on the Persian god Mithras, which flourished from the 2nd through 4th centuries CE.
mitzvot
(Hebrew "commandments"). Commandments; religious actions (singular mitzvah). Sometimes used more generally to refer to any good deed.
Sabbath
The Jewish day of rest from Friday at sunset to Saturday at sunset.
sadhu
A holy man who has renounced the material world to devote himself to spiritual practice. He wanders from place to place and owns nothing. A female sadhu is a sadhvi.
swastika
(Sanskrit svastika, "all is well") Ancient symbol of good fortune and well-being, with a variety of uses and meanings in Hinduism, Buddhism and many other faiths.
tallit
(also spelled talit; Yiddish tallis; plural talitot) A prayer shawl worn by Jews during weekday morning services, on the Sabbath, and on holidays.
Tanakh
(acronym for Torah, Nevi'im and Ketuvim). The Jewish Bible.
13 Articles of Faith
A list provided by Joseph Smith when he was asked about the basic beliefs of the Church.
Tibetan Book of the Dead
A text that describes in detail the stages of death from the Tibetan point of view.
Tripitaka
(Sanskrit; Pali Tipitaka, "three baskets"). The collection of Buddha's teachings, in three sections: sutra, vinaya, and Abhidharma. They are the oldest collection of Buddhist teachings, written around the 3rd century BCE.
varada mudra
Buddhist hand gesture representing "boon-granting."
Vedas
("knowledge"). Collection of Hindu scriptures regarded as sacred and authoritative by all Hindus.

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