Just the facts on religion.

Glossary of Religion

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Advent
four Sundays before Christmas; Nov. 30 - Dec. 24
Allah
Strict monotheism. One God (Allah in Arabic); the same God revealed (imperfectly) in the Jewish and Christian Bibles
aureole
A halo that surrounds a sacred figure's whole body.
conch shell
Symbol of the fame of the Buddha's teachings.
confession
1. A profession of faith (e.g. by the martyrs) or statement of doctrine (e.g. Augsburg Confession). 2. Admission of sin, either directly to God in prayer, generally to the congregation, or privately to a priest.
Darshanas
Hindu philosophy manuals based on the Vedas.
Godhead
Mormon concept of God the Father, the Son Jesus Christ, and the Holy Ghost as three individual beings who are united in purpose.
Great Schism
The division between Eastern and Western Christendom, which occurred in 1054 AD.
Greatest Name
One of the main symbols of the Bahá'í Faith, a calligraphized Arabic rendering of Yá Bahá'ul 'Abhá ("O Glory of the Most Glorious").
Lambeth Conferences
Conferences of Anglican bishops from around the world, first instituted in 1867.
lotus
The flower that is rooted in the mud but blooms pristinely above the water represents non-attachment to the world in Hinduism and Buddhism.
mantra
Sacred sound believed to possess supernatural powers.
mezuzah
(Hebrew, "doorpost"). Small parchment of Torah verses placed on the doorpost of Jewish homes in obedience to Deut. 6:9.
Mithraism
A Roman mystery religion based on the Persian god Mithras, which flourished from the 2nd through 4th centuries CE.
sadhu
A holy man who has renounced the material world to devote himself to spiritual practice. He wanders from place to place and owns nothing. A female sadhu is a sadhvi.
Ten Commandments
Ten religious and moral laws that God gave the Israelites through Moses, as recorded in the book of Exodus.
13 Articles of Faith
A list provided by Joseph Smith when he was asked about the basic beliefs of the Church.
treasure vase
Buddhist symbol of spiritual and material wealth, abundance, and good fortune.
Veneration of Saints
no in Protestantism; yes in other branches
Vesak
The birthday of the Buddha and the most important festival in Buddhism, celebrated in May.

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