Just the facts on religion.

Glossary of Religion

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begging bowl
Bowl used by Buddhist monks to collect alms from laypeople; also has symbolic significance.
conch shell
Symbol of the fame of the Buddha's teachings.
euthanasia
Euthanasia, sometimes known as "mercy-killing," is the intentional ending of a patient's life by a physician, usually by lethal injection.
Godhead
Mormon concept of God the Father, the Son Jesus Christ, and the Holy Ghost as three individual beings who are united in purpose.
Hanukkah
(Hebrew, "dedication"). Also spelled Chanukah. An eight-day holiday beginning on 25 Kislev (mid-December) that commemorates the revolt of the Maccabees in 164 BCE and the miraculous oil that burned for eight days.
Wycliffe, John
(c.1328-84) English philosopher, theologian and reformer. He is known for his English translation of the Bible and has been called the "Morning Star of the Reformation."
kosher
Anglicized form of Hebrew kasher ("fit") indicating a food or object fit for ritual use.
mezuzah
(Hebrew, "doorpost"). Small parchment of Torah verses placed on the doorpost of Jewish homes in obedience to Deut. 6:9.
Mithraism
A Roman mystery religion based on the Persian god Mithras, which flourished from the 2nd through 4th centuries CE.
Om Mani Padme Hum
Tibetan Buddhist mantra praising the "Jewel in the Lotus."
peacock
symbol representing immortality
Qur'an
The sacred text of Islam, revealed to Muhammad over a 20-year period by the Angel Gabriel.
Sabbath
The Jewish day of rest from Friday at sunset to Saturday at sunset.
sadhu
A holy man who has renounced the material world to devote himself to spiritual practice. He wanders from place to place and owns nothing. A female sadhu is a sadhvi.
sawm
(Arabic, "fasting," also spelled siyam). Religious fasting, especially during the month of Ramadan, which is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
swastika
(Sanskrit svastika, "all is well") Ancient symbol of good fortune and well-being, with a variety of uses and meanings in Hinduism, Buddhism and many other faiths.
Tanakh
(acronym for Torah, Nevi'im and Ketuvim). The Jewish Bible.
Ten Commandments
Ten religious and moral laws that God gave the Israelites through Moses, as recorded in the book of Exodus.
varada mudra
Buddhist hand gesture representing "boon-granting."
Vedas
("knowledge"). Collection of Hindu scriptures regarded as sacred and authoritative by all Hindus.

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