Just the facts on religion.

Glossary of Religion

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Random Terms

confession
1. A profession of faith (e.g. by the martyrs) or statement of doctrine (e.g. Augsburg Confession). 2. Admission of sin, either directly to God in prayer, generally to the congregation, or privately to a priest.
Darshanas
Hindu philosophy manuals based on the Vedas.
Ganesha
("Lord of Hosts"). Also Ganesha, Vinayaka, Ekadanta, Lambodara, Siddhadata, Vighnaraja. God of wisdom and good fortune, represented with a pot belly and the head of an elephant. Ganesh has been one of the most popular Hindu gods since medieval times and is claimed by all sects as their own. As the remover of obstacles, he is invoked before religious ceremonies and worldly undertakings.
Godhead
Mormon concept of God the Father, the Son Jesus Christ, and the Holy Ghost as three individual beings who are united in purpose.
Great Schism
The division between Eastern and Western Christendom, which occurred in 1054 AD.
Hanukkah
(Hebrew, "dedication"). Also spelled Chanukah. An eight-day holiday beginning on 25 Kislev (mid-December) that commemorates the revolt of the Maccabees in 164 BCE and the miraculous oil that burned for eight days.
Wycliffe, John
(c.1328-84) English philosopher, theologian and reformer. He is known for his English translation of the Bible and has been called the "Morning Star of the Reformation."
kosher
Anglicized form of Hebrew kasher ("fit") indicating a food or object fit for ritual use.
mitzvot
(Hebrew "commandments"). Commandments; religious actions (singular mitzvah). Sometimes used more generally to refer to any good deed.
Om Mani Padme Hum
Tibetan Buddhist mantra praising the "Jewel in the Lotus."
Qur'an
The sacred text of Islam, revealed to Muhammad over a 20-year period by the Angel Gabriel.
Sabbath
The Jewish day of rest from Friday at sunset to Saturday at sunset.
sadhu
A holy man who has renounced the material world to devote himself to spiritual practice. He wanders from place to place and owns nothing. A female sadhu is a sadhvi.
tallit
(also spelled talit; Yiddish tallis; plural talitot) A prayer shawl worn by Jews during weekday morning services, on the Sabbath, and on holidays.
Tanakh
(acronym for Torah, Nevi'im and Ketuvim). The Jewish Bible.
Ten Commandments
Ten religious and moral laws that God gave the Israelites through Moses, as recorded in the book of Exodus.
Tripitaka
(Sanskrit; Pali Tipitaka, "three baskets"). The collection of Buddha's teachings, in three sections: sutra, vinaya, and Abhidharma. They are the oldest collection of Buddhist teachings, written around the 3rd century BCE.
varada mudra
Buddhist hand gesture representing "boon-granting."
Vedas
("knowledge"). Collection of Hindu scriptures regarded as sacred and authoritative by all Hindus.
Zohar
The major text of the Kabbalah movement.

Share This Page