Just the facts on religion.

Glossary of Religion

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Allah
Strict monotheism. One God (Allah in Arabic); the same God revealed (imperfectly) in the Jewish and Christian Bibles
Apocrypha
(lit. Greek: "out of the writings"). Books not included in the Hebrew canon of the Old Testament, but included in the Greek Septuagint. Catholic and Orthodox Christans include the Apocrypha in the canon of scripture; Protestant Christians do not. Apocryphal books are Esdras, Tobit, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus, Baruch, Song of the Three Children, Susanna, Bel and the Drago, The Prayer of Manasseh, 1 and 2 Maccabees, and additions to Esther.
begging bowl
Bowl used by Buddhist monks to collect alms from laypeople; also has symbolic significance.
Darshanas
Hindu philosophy manuals based on the Vedas.
dhyana mudra
Buddhist hand gesture representing meditation.
Greatest Name
One of the main symbols of the Bahá'í Faith, a calligraphized Arabic rendering of Yá Bahá'ul 'Abhá ("O Glory of the Most Glorious").
Wycliffe, John
(c.1328-84) English philosopher, theologian and reformer. He is known for his English translation of the Bible and has been called the "Morning Star of the Reformation."
kosher
Anglicized form of Hebrew kasher ("fit") indicating a food or object fit for ritual use.
mezuzah
(Hebrew, "doorpost"). Small parchment of Torah verses placed on the doorpost of Jewish homes in obedience to Deut. 6:9.
mitzvot
(Hebrew "commandments"). Commandments; religious actions (singular mitzvah). Sometimes used more generally to refer to any good deed.
Om Mani Padme Hum
Tibetan Buddhist mantra praising the "Jewel in the Lotus."
parasol
Buddhist symbol of royalty and spiritual power.
peacock
symbol representing immortality
Sabbath
The Jewish day of rest from Friday at sunset to Saturday at sunset.
sadhu
A holy man who has renounced the material world to devote himself to spiritual practice. He wanders from place to place and owns nothing. A female sadhu is a sadhvi.
Tanakh
(acronym for Torah, Nevi'im and Ketuvim). The Jewish Bible.
Tibetan Book of the Dead
A text that describes in detail the stages of death from the Tibetan point of view.
treasure vase
Buddhist symbol of spiritual and material wealth, abundance, and good fortune.
varada mudra
Buddhist hand gesture representing "boon-granting."
Zohar
The major text of the Kabbalah movement.

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