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Jewish beliefs

Judaism is one of the oldest religions in the world. Their sacred text, the Hebrew Bible, teaches several doctrines - such as those about God, the Messiah, human beings, and the universe - making beliefs very important to Jews. Judaism has no official creed, however.

Judaism shares some beliefs with other world religions, like monotheism with Christianity and Islam, but in other respects there are sharp differences between the faiths.

It is important to understand that the term "Jewish" can be used to describe a race and a culture, rather than a religion, so some who identify themselves as Jewish may have little interest in the beliefs of Judaism.

For more information on Jewish beliefs, follow a link below:

The 13 Articles of Faith

As noted above, Judaism has no creed and beliefs of individual Jews can vary widely. However, the great 12th-century rabbi Maimonides put together "13 Articles of Faith" that he believed every Jew ought to adhere to, and this is often used as a summary of core Jewish beliefs.### Jewish Beliefs about God

In Judaism, ultimate reality is a single, all-powerful God. It is this belief that made the Jews unique among other ancient Semitic peoples and that became the legacy Judaism has passed on to the entire Western world. God's name in Hebrew is YHWH, which simply - but significantly - means "I am."

Jewish Beliefs about the Messiah

Many of the world's religions have hope in a future heroic figure who will rescue the righteous, judge the wicked, and restore peace to the world (Krishna in Hinduism, Maitreya in Buddhism and the Second Coming of Christ in Christianity). In Judaism, this figure is the Messiah.

Jewish Beliefs about Human Nature

When Genesis 2:7 says "God formed man," it uses the Hebrew word vayyitzer ("formed"). The Talmud finds special meaning in the unique spelling of the word in this context, with two yods instead of one. The two yods, the rabbis explain, stand for the two impulses found in humans: the yetzer tov and the yetzer ra.

Olam Ha-Ba: Jewish Beliefs about the Afterlife

Jewish sacred texts and literature have little to say about what happens after death, which may seem surprising to non-Jews since the sacred texts of Christianity and Islam, both of which have their foundations in Judaism, elaborate rather fully about the afterlife.

  • 13 Articles of the Jewish Faith

    The Jewish faith doesn't have an official creed. Jewish beliefs are articulated and observed by followers of the faith through the reading of the sacred texts of Judaism, like the Torah... full article →
  • Afterlife

    Jewish sacred texts and literature have little to say about what happens after death. This may seem surprising to non-Jews, since Christian sacred texts and Islamic sacred texts - both of which have their foundations in Judaism - elaborate rather fully about the afterlife... full article →
  • God

    In Judaism, ultimate reality is a single, all-powerful God. It is this central belief that made the Jews unique among other ancient Semitic peoples and became the legacy Judaism has passed on to the entire Western world. full article →
  • Human Nature

    Fundamental to Jewish beliefs about human beings is that they are created in the image of God. This does not mean that people look like God, for God is incorporeal... full article →
  • Messiah

    Many of the world's religions have hope in a future heroic figure who will rescue the righteous, judge the wicked, and restore peace to the world, like Krishna in Hinduism, Maitreya in Buddhism, and the Second Coming in Christianity... full article →

Article Info

Title Jewish beliefs
Published
Last UpdatedNovember 18, 2016
URL www.religionfacts.com/judaism/beliefs
Short URLrlft.co/748
MLA Citation “Jewish beliefs.” ReligionFacts.com. 18 Nov. 2016. Web. Accessed 22 Feb. 2017. <www.religionfacts.com/judaism/beliefs>

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