List of Religions


One day, ReligionFacts will contain profiles of every recognized religion on the planet! But for now, we offer the following list. Note: Some of the belief systems listed here may not be "religions" according to traditional definitions (they might better be called "philosophies" or "movements"), and some are even anti-religion. The grounds for a group's inclusion is simply that it offers an explanation of ultimate reality and the purpose of life, and has attracted a significant number of followers.


  • Aladurahttp://www.religionfacts.com/aladura

    Aladura ("Prayer People") is a Yoruba term for various prophet-healing churches that have developed in west Africa since about 1918...

  • Amishhttp://www.religionfacts.com/amish

    In the Christian religion, the Amish are members of an Anabaptist Christian denomination, who are especially known for their separation from society, for living in isolated Amish communities, for the rejection of most modern technology, and for their distinctly conservative dress...

  • Animismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/animism

    Animism: description, definition, beliefs What is animism? Animism is the belief that animals, plants, rivers, mountains, and other entities in nature contain an inner spiritual essence...

  • Asatruhttp://www.religionfacts.com/asatru

    Ásatrú (Icelandic, "Æsir faith") is a modern revival of the pre-Christian Nordic religion as described in the Norse epic Eddas...

  • Atheismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/atheism

  • Baha'i Faithhttp://www.religionfacts.com/bahai

    The Baha'i religion is a relatively new faith in the world. The Baha'i headquarters is in Haifa, Israel, and is known for the temple that sits on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea...

  • Bonhttp://www.religionfacts.com/bon

    What is Bon? Bön was the indigenous religion of Tibet before the arrival of Buddhism in the 7th century AD. Today, Bön is similar to Tibetan Buddhism...

  • Buddhismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/buddhism

    Buddhism began in India 2,500 years ago and, although virtually extinct in India, it remains the dominant world religion in the East. There are over 360 million followers of Buddhism worldwide and over one million American Buddhists...

  • Candomblehttp://www.religionfacts.com/candomble

    Candomble Fast Facts Founders: Indigenous Africans who were brought to Brazil as slaves Founded: Prior to, or during, the 16th century Location: Mostly Brazil, but adherents also in Central and South America and Europe Number: Approximately 2 million worldwide {1} What is Candomble? Candomble is a religion found primarily in Brazil that is strongly influenced by religions from Africa, which came to Brazil by means of the slave trade from the 16th to 19th century...

  • Cao Daihttp://www.religionfacts.com/cao-dai

    What is Cao Dai? Cao Dai (a.k.a. Dao Cao Dai or Caodaism) is a syncretist Vietnamese religious movement with a strongly nationalist political character...

  • Chinese Religionhttp://www.religionfacts.com/chinese-religion

    Chinese religion is not an organized, unified system of beliefs and practices. It has no leadership, headquarters, founder, or denominations...

  • Chopra Centerhttp://www.religionfacts.com/chopra-center

    Deepak Chopra (b. 1947) is an Indian-born American physician who teaches that health and success can be found through a system of Ayurvedic medicine, yoga, and mind-body-spirit integration...

  • Christian Sciencehttp://www.religionfacts.com/christian-science

    Christian Science, officially called the Church of Christ, Scientist, is a religion that emphasizes physical healing through prayer and a recognition of the nonexistence of matter and illness...

  • Christianityhttp://www.religionfacts.com/christianity

    Based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ approximately 2,000 years ago, Christianity is one of the most influential religions in history...

  • Church of Satanhttp://www.religionfacts.com/church-of-satan

    What is the Church of Satan? The Church of Satan was started by Anton LaVey in San Francisco, California on April 30, 1966. Satanic Beliefs The Church of Satan neither worships the Judeo-Christian devil nor does it believe in the being's existence...

  • Confucianismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/confucianism

    What is Confucianism? Confucianism is a way of life taught by Confucius in the 6th–5th century BC. Sometimes viewed as a philosophy, sometimes as a religion, Confucianism is perhaps best understood as an all-encompassing humanism that neither denies nor slights heaven...

  • Deismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/deism

  • Druzehttp://www.religionfacts.com/druze

  • Eckankarhttp://www.religionfacts.com/eckankar

    What is Eckankar? What is Eckankar? Is Eckankar a religion? What are the beliefs of Eckankar? And who are Paul Twitchell and Harold Klemp? These are common questions people aske about the Eckankar religion...

  • Epicureanismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/epicureanism

    Epicureanism is an ancient Greek philosophical system taught by Epicurus. It emphasized the goal of a happy and content life in the here and now, rejecting both superstitous fear of the gods and notions of an afterlife...

  • Falun Gonghttp://www.religionfacts.com/falun-gong

    What is Falun Gong? Falun Gong (Chinese, "Practice of the Wheel of Dharma") is a Chinese movement founded by Li Hongzhi in 1992. Its adherents exercise ritually to obtain mental and spiritual renewal...

  • Gnosticismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/gnosticism

  • Greco-Roman Religionshttp://www.religionfacts.com/greco-roman

    Two of the most powerful empires in the ancient world were Greece and Rome. It's impossible to understand these empires without understanding the religions that were so important to them...

  • Hare Krishnahttp://www.religionfacts.com/hare-krishna

    Hare Krishna is the popular name for the International Society of Krishna Consciousness (or ISKCON), a new religious movement based in Hinduism...

  • Hinduismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/hinduism

    About 80 percent of India's population regard themselves as Hindus and 30 million more Hindus live outside of India. There are a total of 900 million Hindus worldwide, making Hinduism the third largest religion (after Christianity and Islam)...

  • Islamhttp://www.religionfacts.com/islam

    Islam is one of the largest religions in the world, with over 1 billion followers. It is a monotheistic faith based on revelations received by the Prophet Muhammad in 7th-century Saudi Arabia...

  • Jainismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/jainism

    Jainism is an Indian religion that emphasizes complete non-violence and asceticism. Jainism emerged in 6th-century BCE India, the same time Buddhism was developing...

  • Jehovah's Witnesseshttp://www.religionfacts.com/jehovahs-witnesses

    The group now known as the Jehovah's Witnesses was founded in 1879 by Charles Taze Russell, a Pennsylvania businessman. Russell's Adventist background as well as his study of the Bible led him to conclude, among other things, that the second coming of Christ would occur in 1914, that hellfire did not exist, and God was not a Trinity...

  • Judaismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/judaism

    Judaism is one of the oldest religions in the world that still exists today. Its history, beliefs, and traditions were recorded in the Hebrew Bible beginning as early as the 8th century BCE...

  • Kabbalah Judaismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/kabbalah

    What is Kabbalah? Kabbalah is the mystical form of Judaism. Broadly speaking, Kabbalah refers to Jewish mysticism dating back to the time of the second Temple, approximately 400 years before Jesus Christ...

  • Mayan Religionhttp://www.religionfacts.com/mayan-religion

    What is the Maya Religion? The Maya are a native Mesoamerican people who developed one of the most sophisticated cultures in the Western Hemisphere before the arrival of the Spanish...

  • Mithraismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/mithraism

    What is Mithraism? Mithraism is a Roman mystery religion that flourished in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD. Much is still unknown about this secretive sect, but scholars have generally been able to determine that it involved the worship of the ancient Persian god Mithras in caves, a communal meal and initiation through seven stages of an astrologically-themed hierarchy...

  • Mormonismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/mormonism

    The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Mormonism is a relatively new religion in the world, founded by Joseph Smith in the middle of the 19th century in the Northeast United States...

  • Nation of Islamhttp://www.religionfacts.com/nation-of-islam

  • Neopaganismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/neopaganism

    Neo-Paganism (also spelled Neopaganism and also known as Paganism) is a religion that emphasizes ancient pagan religious traditions and reverence for nature...

  • Neoplatonismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/neoplatonism

  • New Agehttp://www.religionfacts.com/new-age

  • New Thoughthttp://www.religionfacts.com/new-thought

    What is New Thought? New Thought is a mind-healing movement that originated in the 19th-century United States. It has no one creed, but its fundamental teaching is that spirit is more real and more powerful than matter and that the mind has the power to heal the body...

  • Olmec Religionhttp://www.religionfacts.com/olmec-religion

  • Rastafarianismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/rastafarianism

    A religion with deep political convictions, the Rastafari movement began in the slums of Jamaica in the 1920s and 30s. African religious tradition has heavily influenced the culture of Rastafarianism and biblical themes have heavily influenced the religion's belief system...

  • Satanismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/satanism

    Satanism is one of the most controversial religions in the world today, in whatever expression it takes. Satan, who not all satanic groups acknowledge or recognize, is presented in the Hebrew and Christian Bible as the chief enemy of God and the most evil being in the universe...

  • Church of Scientologyhttp://www.religionfacts.com/scientology

    The Church of Scientology was founded in 1954 by L. Ron Hubbard, a former science fiction writer. The belief system doesn't present itself as a "religion," but as a "technology" that leads people to "true spiritual release and freedom...

  • Shamanismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/shamanism

    Shamanism: Definition, Meaning, and Identity What is Shamanism? Shamanism is a spiritual or religious expression, where an individual seeks to interact with the spirit world in a special way, by means of a entering into a conscious-altering trance...

  • Shintohttp://www.religionfacts.com/shinto

    Shinto (also Shintoism) is the term for the indigenous religious beliefs and practices of Japan. Shinto has no founder, no official sacred scriptures, and no fixed creeds, but it has preserved its main beliefs and rituals throughout the ages...

  • Sikhismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/sikhism

    Sikhism emerged in 16th-century India in an environment heavily permeated with conflicts between the Hindu and Muslim religions. Its founding teacher, Guru Nanak Dev, was born in 1469 to a Hindu family...

  • Spiritualismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/spiritualism

  • Stoicismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/stoicism

    Stoicism was one of the two principal schools of the Hellenistic era (the other being Epicureanism). Originally founded by Zeno in 4th-century-BC Athens, Stoicism later developed and changed into forms designated "Middle Stoa" and "Later Stoa," also known as Roman Stoicism...

  • Taoismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/taoism

    Taoism (also spelled Daoism) is based on the teachings of the Tao Te Ching, a short tract written in the 6th century BC in China. Taoism emphasizes spiritual harmony within the individual, complementing Confucianism's focus on social duty...

  • The Occulthttp://www.religionfacts.com/occult

    The Occult: definitionsThe word "occult" has different modern-day usages, but as it relates to spiritual matters, the word refers to any number of religious practices, which may or may not involve rituals and activities that utilize the blood of an animal or person...

  • Umbandahttp://www.religionfacts.com/umbanda

    Umbanda Fast Facts Founder: Zelio Fernandino de Moraes Founded: Early 1900’s Location: Mainly Brazil, some practitioners in Uruguay and Argentina Number: Approximately 500,000, however many followers of Umbanda call themselves Catholic What is Umbanda? Umbanda is a religion of Brazil that combines influences of indigenous Brazilian religion, African religions, Catholicism, and Spiritism...

  • Unification Churchhttp://www.religionfacts.com/unification-church

    What is the Unification Church? The Unification Church (officially named the Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity) is a new religious movement founded by Reverend Sun Myung Moon in Korea in 1954...

  • Unitarian Universalismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/unitarian-universalism

    What is Unitarian Universalism? What is a Unitarian Church? These are two common questions people have about Unitarian congregations. Unitarian Universalism (UU for short) is a liberal, "non-creedal" religious movement that welcomes pluralism and diversity in its members' beliefs and practices...

  • Vampirismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/vampirism

    From Bram Stocker's Dracula to Stephenie Meyer's Twilight saga, vampires have captured the imagination of millions of people. Fans find their drama exciting and their themes alluring...

  • Voodoohttp://www.religionfacts.com/voodoo

    Voodoo Facts: history, variety, locations Founder: There is no single founder of voodoo Characteristics: This spiritual expression is a blend of African animism, spiritism, and indigenous religion, and in some circumstances contains elements of shamanism, black magic, and witchcraft Founded: There is no determinative date for the origin of voodoo spirituality Major schools: West African Voodoo, Louisiana Voodoo (also known as New Orleans Voodoo), Haitian Voodoo Other names and pronunciations: vodou, vodun, vodoun, vudun Primary locations where it is practiced: West Africa, Haiti, Puerto Rico, Brazil, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and America, especially in Louisiana Voodoo in-depth: schools, beliefs, and practices Voodoo schools Voodoo is a fusion of religious practices from Africa that often takes on different characteristics and emphases when practiced in various locations: West African voodoo has been less influenced than other forms of voodoo because it is practiced in the place of its origination, yet Christianity's influence, particularly Roman Catholicism, is significant Louisiana voodoo has been heavily influenced by French, Spanish, and Creole populations that lived in Louisiana; it has also been influenced by Christianity, especially Roman Catholicism Haitian voodoo was been heavily influenced by African slaves from France; it has also been influenced by Christianity, especially Roman CatholicismThe different schools of voodoo have similarities and differences...

  • Wiccahttp://www.religionfacts.com/wicca

    What do Wiccans believe? While Wiccan beliefs can be diverse, most followers of Wiccan believe in a single ultimate reality that pervades the universe and is expressed in the Goddess and God...

  • Zoroastrianismhttp://www.religionfacts.com/zoroastrianism

    Zoroastrianism is the ancient, pre-Islamic religion of Persia (modern-day Iran). It survives there in isolated areas but more prosperously in India, where the descendants of Zoroastrian Persian immigrants are known as Parsis, or Parsees...