One day, ReligionFacts will contain profiles of every recognized religion on the planet! But for now, we offer the following list. Note: Some of the belief systems listed here may not be "religions" according to traditional definitions (they might better be called "philosophies" or "movements"), and some are even anti-religion. The grounds for a group's inclusion is simply that it offers an explanation of ultimate reality and the purpose of life, and has attracted a significant number of followers.

  • Aladura

    Aladura ("Prayer People") is a Yoruba term for various prophet-healing churches that have developed in west Africa since about 1918. Fast Facts - Date founded: c.1918-1930 - Place founded... read more

  • Asatru

    Ásatrú (Icelandic, "Æsir faith") is a modern revival of the pre-Christian Nordic religion as described in the Norse epic Eddas. Terminology Ásatrú is an Old Norse word consisting of... read more

  • Baha'i star Baha'i Faith

    The Baha'i religion is a relatively new faith in the world. The Baha'i headquarters is in Haifa, Israel, and is known for the temple that sits on the... read more

  • Buddhism

    Buddhism began in India 2,500 years ago and remains the dominant world religion in the East. There are over 360 million followers of Buddhism worldwide and over a million... read more

  • Engaged Buddhism

    What is Engaged Buddhism? Engaged Buddhism, also known as Socially Engaged Buddhism, is not a sect, but a specific movement within the Buddhist religion. Founded by Vietnamese Zen monk... read more

  • Candomble

    Candomble Fast Facts Founders: Indigenous Africans who were brought to Brazil as slaves Founded: Prior to, or during, the 16th century Location: Mostly Brazil, but adherents also in Central... read more

  • Cao Dai

    What is Cao Dai? Cao Dai (a.k.a. Dao Cao Dai or Caodaism) is a syncretist Vietnamese religious movement with a strongly nationalist political character. Cao Dai draws... read more

  • Catholicism

    For the first 1,500 years of Christianity there was no "Catholicism" as it is known it today, simply because there were no other forms of Christianity to distinguish it... read more

  • Chinese Religion

    Chinese religion is not an organized, unified system of beliefs and practices. It has no leadership, headquarters, founder, or denominations. Instead, "Chinese religion" is a term describing the complex interaction... read more

  • Christian cross Christianity

    Based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ approximately 2,000 years ago, Christianity is one of the most influential religions in history. Although it began as a small... read more

  • Dragon Rouge

    What is Dragon Rouge Dragon Rouge, also known as the Ordo Draconis et Atri Adamantis, was started on December 31, 1989 in Sweden. Members of the Dragon Rouge are... read more

  • Eastern Orthodox Views of Other Religions
  • Ek onkar symbol Eckankar

    Eckankar is a new religious movement based on a 19th-century Indian tradition called Sant Mat, which centers around surat shabd yoga, "yoga of the sound current." Eckankar focuses on... read more

  • Our Lady of Endor

    What is Our Lady of Endor? Our Lady of Endor, also known as Ophite Cultus Satanas, was started in 1948 by Herbert Arthur Sloane in Toledo, Ohio. Sloane believes... read more

  • Epicureanism

    Epicureanism is an ancient Greek philosophical system taught by Epicurus. It emphasized the goal of a happy and content life in the here and now, rejecting both superstitous fear of... read more

  • Falun Gong logo Falun Gong

    What is Falun Gong? Falun Gong (Chinese, "Practice of the Wheel of Dharma") is a Chinese movement founded by Li Hongzhi in 1992. Its adherents exercise ritually to obtain... read more

  • First Satanic Church

    What is the First Satanic Church? The First Satanic Church was started on October 31, 1999 by Karla LaVey, the daughter of Church of Satan founder, Anton LaVey. When... read more

  • International Church of the Foursquare Gospel

    The International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, or “the Foursquare Church,” is an expression of Pentecostalism in the evangelical Protestant tradition. Founded in 1927 by Aimee McPherson (1890-1944), the... read more

  • Church of God In Christ

    What is the Church of God in Christ? In the Christian faith, The Church of God in Christ is an expression of Pentecostalism in the evangelical Protestant tradition. With... read more

  • Church of God symbol Church of God

    What is the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee)? In the Christian religion, the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) is an expression of Pentecostalism in the evangelical Protestant tradition. The... read more

  • Worldwide Church of God

    The Worldwide Church of God was a religious group claiming to be the only genuine form of Christianity in the world that underwent a complete theological makeover after its founder... read more

  • Hare Krishna

    Hare Krishna is the popular name for the International Society of Krishna Consciousness (or ISKCON), a new religious movement based in Hinduism. Established in America in 1965, the Hare Krishna... read more

  • Hellenic Reconstructionism

    Hellenic Polytheism (also known as Hellenism, Hellenismos, Hellenic Religion, and Hellenic Reconstructionism) is a Neopagan path characterized by an emphasis on the deities and religious practices of the ancient Greeks... read more

  • Aum (Om) Hinduism

    About 80 percent of India's population regard themselves as Hindus and 30 million more Hindus live outside of India. There are a total of 900 million Hindus worldwide, making... read more

  • Illuminati

    Illuminati conspiracy: identity, theories, and religion The original Illuminati was an 18th century secret society in Europe that sought to drastically, yet subversively, affect society. In recent history, some... read more

  • Star and crescent symbol of Islam Islam

    Islam is one of the largest religions in the world, with over 1 billion followers. It is a monotheistic faith based on revelations received by the Prophet Muhammad in 7th... read more

  • Judaism

    Judaism is one of the oldest religions in the world that still exists today. Jewish history, beliefs, and traditions were recorded in the Hebrew Bible beginning as early as the... read more

  • Rosy Cross symbol Kabbalah

    What is Kabbalah? Kabbalah is the mystical form of Judaism. Broadly speaking, Kabbalah refers to Jewish mysticism dating back to the time of the second Temple, approximately 400 years... read more

  • Luciferianism

    What is Luciferianism? Luciferianists were theistic Satanists who celebrated the spirit-being Lucifer. Some adherents identified the figure with the biblical character Satan, while others associated him with old... read more

  • Mayan Religion

    The Maya are a native Mesoamerican people who developed one of the most sophisticated cultures in the Western Hemisphere before the arrival of the Spanish. Mayan religion was characterized by... read more

  • Angel Moroni Mormonism: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

    Mormonism was founded by Joseph Smith in the mid-19th century Northeast United States.{ref:1234} The largest Mormon religious body is the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day... read more

  • Neo-Pentecostalism

    In the Christian religion, Neo-Pentecostalism is a movement that has crossed denominational boundaries, and can be found in Protestantism and Roman Catholicism alike. The movement is characterized by the... read more

  • Neopagan religious symbols Neopaganism

    Neo-Paganism (also spelled Neopaganism and also known as Paganism) is a religion that emphasizes ancient pagan religious traditions and reverence for nature. This religion takes a variety of forms... read more

  • New Thought

    New Thought is a mind-healing movement that originated in the 19th-century United States. It has no one creed, but its fundamental teaching is that spirit is more real... read more

  • Order of Nine Angles

    What is the Order of the Nine Angles? The Order of Nine Angles is a secretive satanic group thought to have originated in England in the 1960's by... read more

  • Norse Religion

    Norse religion refers to the religious beliefs and practices of pre-Christian Scandanavia, especially during the Viking era. It also known as Germanic paganism, Germanic religion, or Norse mythology. History... read more

  • Occult

    The Occult: definitions The word "occult" has different modern-day usages, but as it relates to spiritual matters, the word refers to any number of religious practices, which may... read more

  • Ophites

    The Ophites (from the Greek word for snake), also known as the Serpentinians, were associated with Gnostic and Egyptian sects around 100 CE. They honored the serpent written of in... read more

  • Order of the Temple (O.T.O)

    What is the Order of the Temple? Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.) (Order of the Temple of the East or Order of Oriental Templars) is an international fraternal... read more

  • Islamic Views of Other Religions

    The Qur'an states that there must be "no compulsion in religion." [Surah 2:256] Yet Muslims are not pluralistic in their worldview - they consider their religion to the be... read more

  • Lutheran Views of Other Religions
  • Palladists

    Who are the Palladists? Palladists were members of The Order of Palladium, a satanic group started in France in 1737. The order had two degrees, "Adelph" and "Companion of... read more

  • Pentecostalism

    What is Pentecostalism? Pentecostalism is an expression of orthodox Christianity, which emphasizes the Holy Spirit in belief and practice. While the movement, and it's various denominations, is relatively... read more

  • Protestantism

    What is Protestantism? One of the three major branches of the Christian religion, Protestantism originated in the 16th century Reformation, and most modern Protestant denominations can trace their heritage... read more

  • Rastafarianism

    A religion with deep political convictions, Rastafarianism began in the slums of Jamaica in the 1920s and 30s. African religious tradition has heavily influenced the culture of Rastafarianism and biblical... read more

  • Ankh Kemetic Reconstructionism

    Kemetic Reconstructionism ("Kemet" is the ancient word for Egypt) is a form of reconstructionist Neopagan religion that seeks to recreate ancient Egyptian religion as accurately as possible, based primarily on... read more

  • Church of Satan

    What is the Church of Satan? The Church of Satan was started by Anton LaVey in San Francisco, California on April 30, 1966. Satanic Beliefs The Church of Satan... read more

  • Inverted pentagram Satanism

    Satanism is one of the most controversial belief systems in the world today, in whatever expression it takes. Satan, who not all satanic groups acknowledge or recognize, is presented in... read more

  • Temple of Set

    What is the Temple of Set? The Temple of Set was started in 1975 by Michael. A Aquino. It was given its title after Aquino stated that the Egyptian... read more

  • Seventh-Day Adventist symbol Seventh-Day Adventism

    The Seventh-day Adventist Church (abbreviated SDA) is a Christian denomination that grew out of the prophetic "Millerite" ) movement (i.e. William Miller in the United States during the middle... read more

  • Priory of Sion

    “Fact: The Priory of Sion - a European secret society founded in 1099 - is a real organization.” These are the opening words of The Da Vinci Code (on a preliminary... read more

  • Third Wave of Pentecostalism

    The so-called "Third Wave" in Pentecostal Christianity, observed during the second half of the 20th century, describes a shift in theological conviction by non-Pentecostal scholars toward recognizing the... read more

  • Typhonian Order

    What is the Typhonian Order? The Typhonian Order, also known as The Typhonian Ordo Templi Orientis, was started in the late 19th century in England by Carl Kellner. Theodor... read more

  • Unification Church

    What is the Unification Church? The Unification Church (officially named the Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity) is a new religious movement founded by Reverend Sun... read more

  • Vineyard Churches

    What are Vineyard churches? In the Christian religion, the Vineyard Movement is an expression of Pentecostal Christianity in the evangelical Protestant tradition. It is known by many Christians today... read more

  • Ayizan veve Voodoo

    Founder: There is no single founder of voodoo Characteristics: This spiritual expression is a blend of African animism, spiritism, and indigenous religion, and in some circumstances contains elements of shamanism... read more

  • Westboro Baptist Church

    "Hate hurts the hater more than the hated." ~ Madeleine Engle What is Westboro Baptist Church? What is Westboro Baptist Church? Why do they picket funerals and other churches? These... read more

  • Horned God symbol Wicca

    Wicca is a type of Neopaganism. While Wiccan beliefs can be diverse, most followers of Wicca believe in a single ultimate reality that pervades the universe and is expressed in... read more

  • Yezidi: Iraq, Birds, and Satanism

    The Yezidi are a Kurdish-speaking people that mostly live in northern Iraq, who have been accused of Satanism and worshipping the devil. They are mostly a private people group... read more

  • Zen circle Zen

    Zen Buddhism is perhaps the most well-known school of Buddhism in the west. Its concepts have been influential on western society since the latter half of the 20th century... read more

Article Info

UpdatedNovember 12, 2015
MLA Citation“religions.” 12 Nov. 2015. Web. Accessed 27 Oct. 2016. <>