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Jainism

Jainism is an Indian religion that emphasizes complete non-violence and asceticism. Followers of Jainism are called Jains, and there are about 4 million worldwide.

Jainism emerged in 6th-century BCE India, the same time Buddhism was developing. The faith is named for the jinas, spiritual conquerors who have achieved liberation and perfection. Included among these are the 24 spiritual leaders called "ford-makers" or tirthankaras. The last of the tirthankaras was Mahavira (599-527 BCE), a contemporary of the Buddha who is generally considered the founder of Jainism.

Jinas are believed to reside in the top level of heaven, above the realm of the gods. Accordingly, liberated souls are revered more than the gods. Jainism incorporates the traditional Hindu concepts of karma and reincarnation, but rejects the Veda scriptures, castes and the idea of a creator god.

The goal of life in Jainism is to reach liberation by a life of purification, discipline, and nonviolence as taught by the tirthankaras. Jain rituals center around sacred images and mantras.

References

  • BBC Religion & Ethics: Jainism
    Basic information on history, beliefs, etc., plus illustrated feature articles.
  • Institute of Jainology
    "Our mission is to propogate Jain philosophy and its values through art, culture, and education."
  • Jainnet
    "A non-commerical collaborative effort to be the comprehesive resource for Jainism."
  • Jain Spirit Online
    "Sharing Jain values globally."
  • Jain World
    "This web site combines the aspirations of JAINS around the globe and is being positioned to link various aspects of our lives like - religious, social, philosophical, cultural etc. cutting across all barriers."
  • Religious Movements Homepage: Jainism
    An excellent resource from the University of Virginia.
  • Jain Beliefs

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  • Jain Ethics

    Mahavira is said to have taught five principles to live by in order to rid oneself of karma and escape the wheel of rebirth:

      - nonviolence (ahimsa) - truthfulness (satya) - taking only that which is freely given; i... full article →
  • Jain Fast Facts

    Jain statistics, history, beliefs and practices at a glance. full article →
  • Jain Glossary

    Definitions of terms related to Jainism. full article →
  • Jain History

    ## What is the story of the Jain faith? What is the historical context of the Jain religion? Jainism arose in 7th century BC Eastern India, home to Hinduism and Buddhism... full article →
  • Jain Practices

    ## What are Jain religious practices? The Jain religion was born in India in the 6th century B.C. Jainism shares similarities with Hinduism and Buddhism, due in large part to the historical and cultural context in which it arose... full article →
  • Jain Timeline

    The history of Jainism at a glance. full article →

Article Info

Title Jainism
URL www.religionfacts.com/jainism
Short URLrlft.co/42
Published
UpdatedNovember 17, 2016
MLA Citation“Jainism.” ReligionFacts.com. 17 Nov. 2016. Web. Accessed 10 Dec. 2016. <www.religionfacts.com/jainism>

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