Presbyterianism


What is Presbyterianism?

In the Christian religion, Presbyterianism, whose bodies are also called Reformed Churches, share a common origin in the 16th-century Swiss Reformation and the teachings of John Calvin, and today is one of the largest Christian denominations in Protestantism.

There are about 75 million Reformed or Presbyterian Christians worldwide; about 2.5 million belong to the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.).

The name "Presbyterian" comes from the representational form of church government called presbyterian. In presbyterian churches, governing authority is given to elected lay leaders known as "elders" (or "presbyters"), who work with the congregation's ordained minister. Presbyterian belief and practice center on the Bible and the sovereignty of God.

More on Presbyterian and Reformed Churches

John Calvin

Presbyterian and Reformed churches have their historical roots in the thought of John Calvin, a 16th-century French reformer. Calvin trained for the Catholic priesthood at the University of Paris and later as a lawyer, but he eventually converted to the Reformation movement and became a theologian and minister. He wrote a great deal during his career, including Bible commentaries and the Institutes of the Christian Religion, a work of systematic theology.

Presbyterianism in-depth

Timeline of Presbyterian History

Learn more about the important dates in Presbyterian history.

Presbyterian History

Read about the major events that shaped this Christian denomination.

Presbyterian Beliefs

Find out what makes Presbyterianism unique and also where they unite with other Christians.

Presbyterian Practices

Learn more about the special activities of this denomination.

Presbyterian Organization

Discover how the Presbyterian church is arranged.

Presbyterian/Reformed Churches in the USA

Read about this branch of Reformed churches in America.

Presbyterian Church in Canada

Read about this branch of Reformed churches in Canada.

Presbyterian/Reformed Churches in Europe & Australia

Read about this branch of Reformed churches in other parts of the Western world.


  • Presbyterian Beliefs - Christianityhttp://www.religionfacts.com/presbyterianism/beliefs

    What do Presbyterians believe? In the Christian religion, Presbyterianism, whose bodies are also called Reformed Churches, share a common origin in the 16th-century Swiss Reformation and the teachings of John Calvin, and today is one of the largest Christian denominations in Protestantism...

  • Presbyterian Church Bodieshttp://www.religionfacts.com/presbyterianism/branches

    Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) or PC(USA) Website - "Who We Are" 2.5 million members National offices in Louisville, Kentucky History: Formed in 1983 as a reunion of the northern (UPCUSA) and southern (PCUS) branches of the Presbyterian church that occurred during the Civil War Much of early Presbyterian immigrants came from England, Scotland, and Ireland First General Assembly held in Philadelphia in 1789, convened by Rev...

  • Presbyterian History Origins - Christianityhttp://www.religionfacts.com/presbyterianism/history

    What are the origins of Presbyterianism? In the Christian religion, Presbyterianism, whose bodies are also called Reformed Churches, share a common origin in the 16th-century Swiss Reformation and the teachings of John Calvin, and today is one of the largest Christian denominations in Protestantism...

  • Presbyterian Organization Leadership - Christianityhttp://www.religionfacts.com/presbyterianism/organization

    How is the Presbyterian church organized? Presbyterian churches are characterized by a representational form of church government, in which authority is given to elected laypersons known as elders...

  • Presbyterian Practices - Christianityhttp://www.religionfacts.com/presbyterianism/practices

    Presbyterians and worship Presbyterian worship services are characterized by the centrality of the Christian Scriptures. Bible readings and sermons that explain and apply its teachings are a central focus of each service...

  • Presbyterian Timeline - Christianityhttp://www.religionfacts.com/presbyterianism/timeline

    Chronology of Presbyterian history