Islamic Sects and Schools


In the religion of Islam, sects are not really "denominations," if that word is understood to mean various valid approaches to the same religion. The division between Muslim sects - mainly Sunni and Shia - is deeply rooted in Islamic history. Debates revolve around key historical figures and important core beliefs, all of which have significant implications for how Muslims are to live in the world today.

Members of one Islamic group do not usually recognize members of other groups as fellow Muslims, and open conflict between sects is not uncommon.

Yet, numerically, it could be said that Islam is less divided than many other faiths because the vast majority of the world's Muslims are Sunnis.


  • Ahmadiyyahttp://www.religionfacts.com/ahmadiyya

    What is Ahmadiyya Islam? Ahmadiyya Islam was founded in 1889 by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (c. 1839-1908) in Qadian, Punjab, India. Ahmad claimed to be the appearance of the promised Messiah (or, according to some sources, the manifestation of the prophet Muhammad as well as an incarnation of Jesus and the Hindu god Krishna)...

  • Shia Islamhttp://www.religionfacts.com/shia

    What is Shia Islam? Shia Islam encompasses most Muslims who are not counted among the Sunni. The division between Sunni and Shia, dates to the death of the prophet Muhammad when his followers were faced with the decision of who would be his successor as the leader of Islam...

  • Sufism (Sufi Islam)http://www.religionfacts.com/sufi

    What is Sufism? Sufism is less a sect Islam than a mystical way of approaching the Islamic faith. It has been defined as "mystical Islamic belief and practice in which Muslims seek to find the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of God...

  • Sunni Islamhttp://www.religionfacts.com/sunni

    What is Sunni Islam? Sunni is a sect in the religion of Islam. With 940 million adherents out of about 1.1 billion Muslims, Sunni Islam is the largest Islamic sect...