Article Info

published: 3/17/04
updated: 12/28/13

Timeline of Jainism

5th cent. BCE Life of Mahavira, the founder of Jainism.
3rd cent. BCE A Jain community forms in the trading center of Mathura.
c. 4th-5th cent. CE Umasvati codifies Jain texts in the Tattvartha Sutra.
5th cent. Schism occurs, forming the Svetambara and Digambara sects.
9th-11th cent. Digambara Jainism is frequently supported by south Indian royalty.
12th cent. Hemacandra, a Svetambara monk, is tutor to the rulers Siddharaja and his nephew Kumarapala.
17th cent. The iconoclastic Sthanakvasis sect emerges.
18th-19th cent. Decline of image-worshipping ascetic communities.
21st cent. Revival of asceticism and development of mystical sects. Many Jains emigrate to East Africa, the United Kingdom and North America.

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