Just the facts on religion.

Timeline of Taoism

The history of Taoism at a glance.

c. 550 BCE

Taoism founded; Tao-Te Ching written by Lao Tze.

c. 350 BCE

Chuang-Tzu further develops Taoist philosophy.

c. 150 BCE

Immortality Taoism develops; Taiping Jing is compiled.

142

Zhang Ling founds the sect of the Way of Five Bushels of Rice.

155

Zhang Lu organizes the Way of Five Bushels of Rice into religious communities, which become known as Taoism of Heavenly Masters.

226

Wang Bi introduces Taoist concepts into Confucian learning.

251

Wei Huacun is the first female leader of the Shangqing sect.

c. 320

Ge Hong (283-363) writes The Master Who Has Embraced Simplicity.

365

Kou Qianzhi revives Taoism of Heavenly Masters.

456

Tao Hongjing develops the Shangqing school.

618

Emperor Gaozu builds a great temple at the birthplace of Lao-Tze.

637

Emperor Taizong (r. 626-649) issues an edict ensuring that Taoists take precedence over Buddhists.

691

Empress Wu, a Buddhist, reverses Taizong's policy and builds Buddhist temples.

712

Rule of Taoist Emperor Xuanzong. Questions on Taoist texts become a feature of civil service examinations.

845

Emperor Wu-zong persecutes Buddhists and all other non-Taoist religions.

960

During the Song dynasty, Perfect Truth Taoism and Orthodox One Taoism arise and the Taoist canon is edited.

16th

San yi Jiao (Three-in-One Religion) is founded by Lin Zhaoen (1517-98) as a synthesis of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism.

1584

Temple of the Three-in-One Religion is built.

1644

During the Manchu Qing dynasty, new movements are founded within Taoism, Buddhism and Christianity in China. The Three-in-One Religion is persecuted.

1851

Hong Xiuquan founds the Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace movement based on Christian ideas.

1912

China becomes a republic.

1919

The Fourth of May movement is founded and seeks to stamp out religion using science.

c. 1920

National Taoist organizations are founded.

1928

Taoist and Buddhist temples are dismantled.

c. 1950

Religions are tightly controlled by the Chinese government.