Just the facts on religion.


The Itihasas Sanskrit, "history" or "thus verily happened") are narrative traditions composed during the period 500 BCE to 1000 CE. They tell the stories of divine incarnations along with much philosophical and ethical reflection.

The Itihasas reflect popular, non-Brahmanic interests and the rise of theistic Hinduism focused on Shiva, Vishnu and Shakti. They include the Mahabharata and Ramayana epics, two of the most beloved Hindu texts, as well as the Puranas.

  • Mahabharata

    At more than 100,000 verses (seven times the length of the Iliad and Odyssey combined), the Mahabharata may be the longest epic poem in the world... full article →
  • Puranas

    The Puranas are collections of mythology, hymns, ancient history, rules of life, rituals, instructions and knowledge, cosmology. Most attained their final written form around 500 AD... full article →
  • Ramayana

    The Ramayana ("March of Rama") was composed by Valmiki around the 2nd century BCE, but likely drew on preexisting oral tradition. It tells the epic story of Rama, the 7th incarnation of the deity Vishnu... full article →