Timeline of Sikhism

A Chronology of the Sikh religion

sikh man

Like Hinduism and Jainism, Sikhism arose in India. Yet unlike Hinduism and Jainism, Sikhism is a relatively new world religion, having been founded in the 16th century. Its founder's is called Guru Nanak Dev, who was born to a Hindu family in 1469, and he sought to offer Indians an alternative path to Hinduism and Islam. There are about 23 million Sikhs in the world today. (See Sikh beliefs)

Although Skihism's history is shorter than most other world religions, history is important its followers. It is common to see pictures of Gurus in Sikh temples as a way for adherents to remember their predecessors. The following timeline is intended to help people get a start in exploring the ideas and practices of the Sikh faith.

A timline of the Sikh faith

1469 CE
Birth of Guru Nanak in Pakistan.
c. 1499
Guru Nanak founds Sikhism
Harimandir Sahib built
May 30, 1606
Torture and martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev.
Birth of Guru Gobind Singh
Adi Granth compiled
April 13, 1699
Khalsa established
Oct. 7, 1708
Martyrdom of Guru Gobind Singh.
Banda Singh Bahadur, Sikh military leader, executed with followers in Delhi.
Sikhs take the capital city of Lahore, Pakistan from the Mughal governor
Harimandir Sahib gilded with gold
Ranjit Singh takes Kashmir
Lord Dalhousie annexes Punjab into British India
Rahit Maryada issued
June 1984
India storms Golden Temple. Several hundred Sikhs are killed and the Temple is extensively damaged.
Oct. 1984
Indira Gandhi assassinated by two Sikh bodyguards, leading to Hindu violence against Sikhs.
May 22, 2004
Manmohan Singh, a Sikh, is sworn in as the first non-Hindu Prime Minister of India

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  1. John Bowker, ed., Cambridge Illustrated History of Religions (Cambridge UP, 2002), p. 311.
  2. "Sikhism." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2005. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service

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