Alexander the Great

Interesting Facts about Alexander the Great

  • From the ages of 13 to 16, Alexander was tutored by the great philosopher Aristotle.
  • Alexander remained undefeated in battle his entire life.
  • When they visited Troy, Alexander laid a wreath on the tomb of Achilles and Hephaestion did the same upon the tomb of Patroklos.
  • Ty Cobb, baseball hall of famer, was named Tyrus by his history-loving father after the admirable city of Tyre that fought off Alexander the Great for many months.
  • On the 1986 Iron Maiden album Somewhere in Time is an original song called "Alexander the Great" that chronicles the king's life.

"Who's Who" in the Life of Alexander the Great

Alexander III
Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia.
Alexander IV (323-310 BCE)
Alexander the Great's posthumous son by Roxana and briefly king of Macedonia. He and his mother were imprisoned and then murdered by Cassander.
Antipater (c. 397-319 BCE)
Regent of Macedonia while Alexander was on his campaigns in Asia.
Aristotle (384-322 BCE)
Greek philosopher and scientist and tutor to teenage Alexander the Great.
Arrian (died 180 CE)
Greek historian and philosopher from Nicomedia. He wrote Anabasis, which chronicled Alexander's campaigns.
Bessus (died c. 329 BCE)
Bactrian governor who deposed and killed Darius III in 330 and assumed kingship of Persia as Artaxerxes IV. He attempted to oppose Alexander in the eastern part of the empire but was soon captured and killed.
Callisthenes of Olynthus (c. 360-327 BCE)
Greek historian appointed (by recommendation of his uncle and former tutor Aristotle) to accompany Alexander on his Asiatic expedition. He objected to Alexander's adoption of Oriental customs, in particular prostration before the king, and was subsequently accused of conspiring against Alexander and put in prison, where he died.
Cassander (c. 358-297 BCE)
Antipater's son and king of Macedonia from 305 to 297. He murdered Alexander IV and Roxana and rebuilt Thebes.
Darius III (died 330 BCE)
Last king of the Persian Achaemenid dynasty and a formidable opponent of Alexander the Great. He was defeated by Alexander on several occasions and his numerous offers of peace to Alexander were rejected. But when Darius was deposed and killed by the Bactrian governor Bessus, Alexander arranged for his body to be buried with great honors in Persepolis.
Olympias (c. 375-316 BCE)
Daughter of Neoptemus king of Epirus, wife of King Philip II of Macedonia and mother of Alexander the Great. She had a passionate and imperious nature and played a large role in the power struggles following the deaths of her husband and son. She often quarreled with Antipater, put Philip II's illegitimate son Philip III and his wife to death.
Parmenio (c. 400-330 BCE)
Macedonian general under Philip II and Alexander the Great. He was second in command to Alexander throughout the Persian conquests and was left to oversee Media when Alexander continued eastward toward India. Alexander charged Parmenio's son Philotas with conspiring to murder Alexander, and put both Parmenio and Philotas to death.
Philip II (382-336 BCE)
18th king of Macedonia and father of Alexander the Great. He restored internal peace to Macedonia then gained dominion over all Greece, laying the groundwork for the expansions carried out by his son.
Ptolemy I (c. 366-282 BCE)
Macedonian general under Alexander the Great who became ruler of Egypt and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which survived until 30 BCE.
Roxana (died c. 310 BCE)
Daughter of the Bactrian chief Oxyartes and first wife of Alexander the Great. After Alexander's death, she had his second wife and her infant daughter killed and gave birth to Alexander's son Alexander IV.

Timeline of Alexander the Great

Alexander: The Movie

  • Official site of Alexander
  • Interview with Colin Farrell about Alexander the Great
  • What Made Alexander so Great? Why the Macedonian Conqueror Still Captures our Imagination - ABC News, November 24, 2004

Alexander the Great Links

  • Alexander the Great on the Web


  1. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. 24 Nov. 2004.
  2. "In the Footsteps of Alexander the Great with Michael Wood."