Article Info

published: 1/29/07
update: 2/11/14

Chart of the Wiccan Elements of Nature

Yule Altar with Four Elements
Yule altar with elemental candles. Photo: Jeff.



Elements of Nature in Wicca

A fundamental aspect of Wiccan belief is the set of Four or Five Elements of Nature. Some hold to the earlier Greek conception of the four classical elements (air, fire, water, earth), while others recognize five elements: earth, air, water, fire, and spirit (akasha).

Some see the points of the pentagram symbol as representing the five elements. The elements are commonly invoked at the beginning of rituals or used in their physical forms to symbolically purify the ritual circle. Each element has associated symbols, rituals and meanings, which are outlined in the chart below. (Note: Systems of the elements vary by tradition and the associations below are not used by all Wiccans.)






Element

air

fire

water

earth

spirit/ether

Celtic Name airt deas iar tuath aethyr

Direction

East South West North Center

Color

yellow red blue green violet, white or black

Tool

wand athame chalice pentacle circle, cauldron

Time

mornings noon twilight midnight all times
Season spring summer autumn winter all seasons
GoddessMaidenMother Crone Dark all deities

Symbolizes

mind, intellect, reason, sciences, travel, youth strength, passion, energy, transformation, will, sex, energy emotions, intuition, daring, wisdom, clarity, healing stability, order, grounding, silence, birth, death, beginnings, endings, fertility immanence and transcendence, everything and nothing
Ritual Representations incense incense, candles water salt, soil fulfilled by presence of practitioners and deities