Jesus in Mormonism
Jesus Christ is central to the Mormon faith. Mormons share many of the same beliefs about Jesus as mainstream Christianity, but hold a number of distinctive beliefs as well.
The fundamental principles of our religion is the testimony of the apostles and prophets concerning Jesus Christ, “that he died, was buried, and rose again the third day, and ascended up into heaven;” and all other things are only appendages to these, which pertain to our religion.3
Most Mormon congregations display a portrait of Christ (i.e. "Christ in the Red Robe") painted by LDS church member Del Parsons after he was commissioned to do so in 1983 by church leadership.
In common with mainstream Christianity, Mormons believe the following:
- Jesus is the Son of God1
- Jesus is the Savior of humanity1
- Jesus existed before his birth2
- the world was created by and through him1 4
- Jesus was predicted by prophets2
- Jesus was born of Mary but not Joseph2
- Mary was a virgin when she gave birth to Jesus2 5
- as the son of God and Mary, Jesus is both man and God2
- Jesus lived a sinless life1
- Jesus worked miracles1
- Jesus was crucified for sins (the "atonement")1
- Jesus was raised from the dead on the third day1
- salvation is only possible through Jesus2
- Jesus will return in the Second Coming, which will happen soon but "no one knows the hour"2
Distinctive Mormon beliefs about Jesus, not shared by mainstream Christian denominations, include the following:
- Jesus did not exist eternally; he was the "firstborn spirit child of God the Father"2
- Jesus is identical with "Jehovah" in the New Testament1
- Jesus is the literal, biological son of God the Father, who has an immortal physical body2
- Jesus has a physical, immortal body6 2
- Jesus is an entirely separate being from his Father, though they are united in purpose (see "Godhead")
- Jesus appeared to ancient Native Americans called Nephites after his resurrection1
- Jesus and God the Father appeared to Joseph Smith in 1820 and subsequently other latter-day prophets1 2
- humans can become divine like Jesus; he is our Elder Brother2
The Encyclopedia of Mormonism published by Brigham Young University explains:
President Ezra Taft Benson stated, "The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints proclaims that Jesus Christ is the Son of God in the most literal sense. The body in which He performed His mission in the flesh was fathered by that same Holy Being we worship as God, our Eternal Father. Jesus was not the son of Joseph, nor was He begotten by the Holy Ghost. He is the Son of the Eternal Father!" (Benson, p. 4). From mary, a mortal woman, Jesus inherited mortality, including the capacity to die. From his exalted Father he inherited immortality, the capacity to live forever.
Van De Graaf, “Physical Body.” Encyclopedia of Mormonism. “God the Father and Jesus Christ, both perfected and glorified beings, possess tangible resurrected bodies of flesh and bone (D&C 130:22).... To become like God, his children, too, must obtain physical bodies.” ↩
- “Jesus Christ.” LDS.org. Web. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.
- “Mormonism: Beliefs: God.” BBC Religion & Ethics. Web. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.
- “Jesus Christ.” Mormon.org. Web. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.
- “D&C 76.” The Doctrine and Covenants. 22-24.
- “Are Mormons Christian?.” LDS.org. Web. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.
- Colton, Eleanor. “Virgin Birth.” Encyclopedia of Mormonism. Web. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.
- Davis, Michael. “Mormon vs Biblical Teachings about Jesus.” Michael Davis' Mormonism Homepage. Web. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.
- Millet, Robert L.. “Jesus Christ.” Encyclopedia of Mormonism. Web. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.
- Smith, Joseph (ed.). Elders’ Journal of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Far West, Missouri: 44.
- Van De Graaf, Kent M.. “Physical Body.” Encyclopedia of Mormonism. Web. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.