1 Abū Hurairah reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:
"Fasting is an armour with which one protects oneself; so let not him (who fasts) utter immodest (or foul) speech, nor let him act in an ignorant manner; and if a man quarrels with him or abuses him, he should say twice, I am fasting. And by Him in Whose hand is my soul, the odour of the mouth of one fasting is sweeter in the estimation of Allāh than the odour of muskh--gives up his food and his drink and his (sexual) desire for MY sake; fasting is for Me and I will grant its reward; and a virtue brings reward ten times like it."
2 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:
"He who does not give up uttering falsehood and acting according to it, Allāh has no need of his giving up his food and his drink."
3 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was the most generous of all people, and he was most generous in Ramadzān, when Gabriel met him, and he met him in every night of Ramadzān and read with him the Qur'ān; so the Messenger of Allāh. peace and blessings was of Allāh be on him, more generous in the doing of good than the wind which is sent forth (on every body).
4 Silah said, reporting on the authority of 'Ammār, Whoever keeps fast on a doubtful day, disobeys Abu-l-Qāsim, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him.
5 'Adiyy ibn Hātim said,
'When it was revealed, "Until the khait al-abyadz becomes distinct to you from the khait al-aswad", I betook myself to a black cord and a white cord2 and put them under my pillow, and I looked at them (now and then) during the night but I could not distinguish between them; then I came to the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, in the morning and I mentioned this to him. He said," By this is meant only the blackness of the night and the whiteness of the day."
6 Umar said, 'The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:
"When the night comes on from there and the day departs on this side and the sun goes down, the one who is fasting should break the fast."
7 Anas said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:
"Have the meal before dawn, for there is blessing in the meal before dawn."
8 Abū Hāzim said that he heard Sahl ibn Sa'd saying, "I used to have my meal before dawn in my family, then I used to hasten to overtake the morning prayer with the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him."
9 Anas said, We used to be on journey with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and he who kept the fast did not find fault with him who broke it, nor did he who broke the fast find fault with him who kept it.
10 Jābir said, The Messenger of Allāh. peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was on a journey, and he saw a crowd and a man who was placed under a shade. He said, "What is this?" They said, He is one fasting. He said
"There is no great virtue in fasting when on journey."
11 'Atā' said, One should break the fast on account of illness, whatever it may be, as Allāh has said. And Hasan and Ibrāhīm said, concerning the woman who gives suck and the one with child, when they fear about themselves or their child, they should break the fast, then fast on other days. And as to the very old man when he cannot bear fasting--Anas, after he became old, fed one who was needy, for a year or two daily with bread and meat, and broke the fast.
(B. 65:ii, 25.)
12 Abu-l-Zinād said, The menstruating woman has to fast afterwards, and she has not to perform any prayer (for the prayers omitted).
13 Abū Salamah said, I heard 'Ā'ishah say, I used to be under obligation to fast on account of (the fasts omitted in) Ramadzān, and I was not able to perform this obligation except in Sha'bān."
14 Abū 'Ubaid said, I was present at 'Īd with Umar and he said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, forbade fasting on these two days, the ('Īd) day of your breaking the fast and the other ('Īd) day on which you eat of your sacrifices.
15 Abū Hurairah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:
"When one forgets and eats and drinks, he should complete his fast, for Allāh made him eat and drink."
16 Ibn 'Umar moistened a cloth and cast it over him while he was fasting; and Sha'bī entered a bath while he was fasting. Ibn 'Abbās said, There is no harm that one should taste of the food in the cooking-pot and anything else. And Hasan said, There is no harm in rinsing the mouth with water, and getting cooled, by one who fasts.
17 Abū Hurairah said, When a person vomits, he should not break the fast.
18 'Ā'ishah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to confine himself (to the mosque) in the last ten days of Ramadzān, and he would say: "Seek the Lailat al-Qadr in the last ten days of Ramadzān."
19 'Ā'ishah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, would cause his head to get to me while he was in the mosque, and I would comb his hair; and he did not enter the house when performing i'tikāf except for a need.