Islam by Country

The following table provides basic facts on countries with a significant percentage (10% of more) of Muslims. Not every country listed is officially or primarily Muslim. Where available, the country name links to an article on Islam in that country.


Albania

Religion: 70% Muslim, 20% Albanian Orthodox, 10% Roman Catholic (estimates; no available current statistics)
Population: 3.5 million (July 2004)
Location: Southeastern Europe
Languages: Albanian, Greek

Algeria

Religion: 99% Sunni Muslim (state religion)
Population: 32 million
Location: Northern Africa
Language: Arabic, French

Azerbaijan

Religion: 93.4% Muslim, 2.5% Russian Orthodox
Population: 7.9 million
Location: Southwestern Asia
Language: Azerbaijani

Bahrain

Religion: 100% Muslim (70% Shi'a, 30% Sunni)
Population: 678,000
Location: Middle East
Language: Arabic, English, Farsi

Bosnia & Herzogovinia

Religion: 40% Muslim, 31% Orthodox, 15% Catholic
Population: 4 million
Location: Southeastern Europe
Languages: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

Brunei

Religion: 67% Muslim (state religion), 13% Buddhist, 10% Christian
Population: 365,000
Location: Southeastern Asia
Language: Malay, English, Chinese

Burundi

Religion: 10% Muslim, 62% Catholic, 5% Protestant, 23% indigenous
Population: 6.2 million
Location: Central Africa
Language: Kirundi, French, Swahili

Central African Republic

Religion: 15% Muslim, 35% indigenous, 25% Protestant, 25% Catholic
Population: 3.7 million
Location: Central Africa
Language: French, Sangho

Chad

Religion: 51% Muslim, 35% Christian, 7% animist
Population: 9.5 million
Location: Central Africa
Language: French, Arabic, many others

Comoros

Religion: 98% Sunni Muslim, 2% Catholic
Population: 652,000
Location: Southern Africa
Languages: Arabic, French

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Religion: 10% Muslim, 50% Catholic, 20% Protestant, 10% Kimbanguist
Population: 58.3 million
Location: Central Africa
Language: French, Lingala

Cote d'Ivoire

Religion: 35-40% Muslim, 20-30% Christian, 25-40% indigenous (2001 figures)
Population: 17.3 million
Location: Western Africa
Language: French

Ethiopia

Religion: 45-50% Muslim
Population: 67.8 million
Location: Eastern Africa
Languages: Many

France

Religion: 5-10% Muslim, 83-88% Catholic, 2% Protestant
Population: 60.4 million
Location: Western Europe
Language: French

Gambia, the

Religion: 90% Muslim
Population: 1.5 million
Location: Western Africa
Language: English

Gaza Strip

Religion: 98.7% Muslim (Sunni)
Population: 1.4 million
Location: Middle East
Languages: Arabic, Hebrew, English

Georgia

Religion: 11% Muslim, 65% Georgian Orthodox, 10% Russian Orthodox
Population: 4.7 million
Location: Southwestern Asia
Language: Georgian

Guinea

Religion: 85% Muslim, 8% Christian, 7% indigenous
Population: 9.2 million
Location: Western Africa
Language: French

Guyana

Religion: 10% Muslim
Population: 705,000
Location: Northern South America
Languages: English, others

India

Religion: 12% Muslim
Population: 1 billion
Location: Southern Asia
Languages: English, Hindi

Indonesia

Religion: 88% Muslim, 5% Protestant, 3% Roman Catholic, 2% Hindu, 1% Buddhist
Population: 238 million
Location: Southeastern Asia
Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, Javanese

Iran

Religion: 98% Muslim (89% Shi'a, 9% Sunni)
Population: 69 million
Location: Middle East
Language: Persian and Persian dialects, Turkic and Turkic dialects

Iraq

Religion: 97% Muslim (60% Shi'a, 37% Sunni)
Population: 25.3 million
Location: Middle East
Languages: Arabic, Kurdish

Israel

Religion: 14.6% Muslim (mostly Sunni), 80% Jewish, 2% Christian
Population: 6.2 million
Location: Middle East
Languages: Hebrew, Arabic

Jordan

Religion: 92% Sunni Muslim, 6% Orthodox
Population: 5.6 million
Location: Middle East
Languages: Arabic, English

Kazakhstan

Religion: 47% Muslim, 44% Russian Orthodox, 2% Protestant
Population: 15.1 million
Location: Central Asia
Languages: Kazakh, Russian

Kenya

Religion: 10% Muslim, 45% Protestant, 33% Catholic
Population: 32 million
Location: Eastern Africa
Languages: English, Kiswahili

Kuwait

Religion: 85% Muslim (70% Sunni, 30 Shi'a), 15% Christian, Hindu, Parsi, other
Population: 2.3 million
Location: Middle East
Languages: Arabic, English

Kyrgyzstan

Religion: 75% Muslim, 20% Russian Orthodox
Population: 5 million
Location: Central Asia, west of China
Languages: Kyrgyz, Russian

Lebanon

Religion: 59.7% Muslim, 39% Christian
Population: 3.8 million
Location: Middle East
Language: Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian

Libya

Religion: 97% Sunni Muslim
Population: 5.6 million
Location: Northern Africa
Languages: Arabic, Italian, English

Macedonia

Religion: 29% Muslim, 70% Macedonian Orthodox
Population: 2 million
Location: Southeastern Europe, north of Greece
Languages: Macedonian, Albanian

Morocco

Religion: 98.7% Muslim, 1.1% Christian
Population: 32.2 million
Location: Northern Africa
Languages: Arabic, Berber dialects, French

Pakistan

Religion: 97% Muslim (77% Sunni, 20% Shi'a)
Population: 159 million
Location: Southern Asia
Language: Punjabi, Sindhi

Qatar

Religion: 95% Muslim
Population: 840,000
Location: Middle East, bordering Saudi Arabia and Persian Gulf
Languages: Arabic, English

Saudi Arabia

Religion: 100% Muslim
Population: 25.8 million
Location: Middle East
Language: Arabic

Syria

Religion: 74% Sunni Muslim, 16% other Muslim sects, 10% Christian
Population: 18 million
Location: Middle East
Languages: Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic

Tunisia

Religion: 98% Muslim, 1% Christian
Population: 9.9 million
Location: Northern Africa
Languages: Arabic and French

Turkey

Religion: 99.8% Muslim (mostly Sunni)
Population: 68.9 million
Location: Southwestern Asia, southeastern Europe
Languages: Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek

United Arab Emirates

Religion: 96% Muslim (16% Shi'a),
Population: 2.5 million
Location: Middle East
Languages: Arabic, Persian, English, Hindi

Uzbekistan

Religion: 88% Muslim (mostly Sunni), 9% Eastern Orthodox
Population: 26.4 million
Location: Central Asia, north of Afghanistan
Languages: Uzbek, Russian

Afghanistan

Religion: 99% Muslim (80% Sunni, 19% Shi'a)
Population: 28.5 million
Location: Southern Asia
Languages: Pashtu, Afghan Persian

















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References

  • US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2004 <http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/>
  • CIA Factbook  <http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/>
  • adherents.com <http://www.adherents.com/Na/Na_321.html#2058>
  • Religious Freedom page <http://religiousfreedom.lib.virginia.edu/nationprofiles/>
  • census.gov <http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/ipc/idbrank.pl>