Sacred Objects in Islam
This section describes and explains religious objects, ritual items and other physical things related to Islam.
A minaret (Arabic: “beacon”) is an element of Islamic religious architecture. It is the tower traditionally used by a muezzin, or crier to call the faithful to prayer five times each day. Minarets are always connected with a mosque, sometimes by an elevated passageway. At the time of the prophet Muhammad, the call to prayer was made from the highest roof in the vicinity of the mosque. The earliest minarets as such were former Greek watchtowers or the towers of Christian churches.
A minbar is the pulpit from which the Friday sermon (khutbah) is delivered. In its simplest form, the minbar is a platform with three steps. It is located next to the mihrab. Muhammad originally delivered his sermons while leaning against a palm-trunk pillar in the mosque at Medina or ascending a stone platform. Hadith (accounts of Muhammad's life and sayings) report that Muhammad later used a seat with two steps, fashioned from tamarisk wood by a Greek or Abyssinian carpenter, for receiving delegations in the mosque and preaching.