9. Institution of Prayer

1 Abū Hurairah reported that He heard the Messenger, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say:

"Tell me if there is a stream at the door of one of you, in which he bathes five times every day, what dost thou say, will it leave anything of his dirt?"

They said, It would not leave anything of his dirt. He said:

"This is the likeness of the five prayers, with which Allāh blots out (all) faults." (B. 9:6.)

2 Anas reported the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"When one of you says prayers, he holds confidential intercourse with his Lord." (B. 9:8.)

3 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Gabriel acted as imām for me twice in the (Sacred) House; so he said the Zuhr Prayer with me when the sun had declined from the meridian and (the shadow) was the measure of a thong. and he said the 'Asr prayer with me when the shadow of everything was the like of it, and he said the Maghrib prayer with me when one who fasts breaks the fast, and he said the 'Ishā' prayer with me when redness in the horizon had disappeared, and he said the Fajr prayer with me when food and drink are prohibited to one who fasts. When it was the next day, he said with me the Zuhr prayer when the shadow (of a thing) was the like of it, and he said with me the 'Asr prayer when the shadow (of a thing) was its double, and he said with me the Maghrib prayer when one who fasts breaks the fast, and he said with me the 'Ishā' prayer when one-third of the night had passed, and he said with me the Fajr prayer when the dawn was bright. Then he turned to me and said, O Muhammad! This is the time of the prophets before thee, and the time is between these two times." (AD., Tr-Msh. 4:1.)

4 Ibn Abbās reported that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, forbade prayer after the morning prayer till the sun brightens, and after 'Asr till it sets.' (B. 9:30.)

5 Ibn 'Umar said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Do not purposely seek in your prayer the rising of the sun or the setting of it." (B. 9:30)

6 Ibn 'Abbās reported that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said prayers in Madīnah seven (rak'ahs) and eight (rak'ahs) Zuhr and 'Asr and Maghrib and 'Ishā'. (B. 9:12.)

7 Fadzālah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, taught me, and there was in what he taught me (the command). "And be mindful of the five prayers." He said, I said, These hours are such that I have (other) business to attend to therein, so command me something comprehensive so that when I have done it, it should suffice me. He said: "Be mindful of the two 'Asr prayers." This was not known in our idiom. So I said, what are the two 'Asr prayers? He said: "A prayer before the rising of the sun and a prayer before the setting of it." (AD. 2:2.)

8 Jābir reported that 'Umar ibn al-Khattāb came on the day of the Ditch8 after the sun had set, and he began to abuse the disbelieving Quraish. He said, O Messenger of Allāh! I could not manage to say the 'Asr prayer until the sun was about to set. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said. "I call Allāh to witness that I (too) have not said it." Then we got up towards Buthān, and he performed ablutions for prayer, and we too performed ablutions for it, and he said the 'Asr (prayer) after the sun had set, and after that he said the Maghrib (prayer). (B. 9:36.)

9 Anas reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, (who) said

"Whoever forgets (the saying of) a prayer, let him say the prayer when he remembers it; there is no atonement for it but this, 'Establish the prayer for My remembrance'." (B. 9:37.)

10 Abū Barzah reported that The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, disliked sleeping before the 'Ishā' (prayer) and conversation after it. (B. 9:21)

11 Anas said, 'Ā'ishah had a figured curtain of red wool, with which she had covered a side of her apartment. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Remove from us thy curtain, for its figures come before me in my prayers." (B. 8:15.)

12 'Ā'ishah said, I asked the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, about casting side glances in prayer. He said:

"That is a snatching from the prayer of the servant, which the devil snatches away by deceit." (B. 10:91)

13 Zainab, wife of Abd Allāh ibn Mas'ūd, said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said to us:

"When one of you goes to the mosque, let her not use scent." (M-Msh. 4:23)

14 Abū Qatādah said, While we were saying our prayers with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, he suddenly heard noise of (running) people. When he finished the prayer, he said, "What was the matter with you?"

They said, We were hastening for the prayer. He said:

"Do not do so; when you come to prayer, you should be perfectly calm; then whatever part of it you overtake, say (it with the imām), and complete the part that has escaped you." (B. 10:20.)

15 Ibn 'Umar said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said ."When one of you is taking food, let him not hasten until he satisfies his need, even though the iqāma for prayer has been recited." (B. 10:42.)

16 Jābir said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to say his prayers on his riding camel in whichever direction it turned with him; but when he intended to say the obligatory prayer, he got down and faced towards the Qiblah. (B. 8:31.)

17 Abū Hurairah said, A man got up before the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and asked him about praying in one garment. He said: "Can every one of you get two garments?" Then a man asked 'Umar, and he said, When Allāh gives ample, then you should use amply; a man wore his garments, a man prayed in a waist-wrapper and an outer garment, in a waist-wrapper and a shirt, in a waist-wrapper and a cloak, in trousers and outer garment, in trousers and a shirt, in trousers and a cloak, in knickers and a cloak, in knickers and a shirt, and I think he said, in knickers and an outer garment. (B. 8:9.)

18 Abū Juhaim said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Did the passer in front of one who is praying know what burden is on him, it would be better for him to wait for forty (days) than that he should pass in front of him." (B. 8:101)

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