8. The Imam

1 Abū Mūsā said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, fell ill and his illness became severe; so he said: "Tell Abū Bakr that he should lead the prayer for the people." ... So the messenger came to him, and he (Abū Bakr) led the prayer for the people in the lifetime of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him. (B. 10:46.)

2 Abū Mas'ūd said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said "The man who knows most the Book of Allāh shall act as imām of a people; and if there are persons equal in their knowledge of the Qur'ān, then he who has greater knowledge of the Sunnah; and if they are equal in their knowledge of the Sunnah, then he who is first in hijrah; and if they are equal in hijrah, then he who is older in years; and a man shall not lead another in prayer in the place where he (the latter) is in authority, and no one shall occupy the place of honour in another man's house except with his permission. (M-Msh. 4:26.)

3 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "The most virtuous among you shall deliver the adhān, and those having most knowledge of the Qur'ān shall act as imams." (AD-Msh 4:26.)

4 Ibn 'Umar said, When the first emigrants came to 'Usbah, a place in Qubā', before the coming of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, the slave of Abu Hudhaifah, used to act as their imām, and he had the greatest knowledge of the Qur'ān. (B. 10: 54)

5 'Ubaid Allāh reported that He entered upon 'Uthmān ibn 'Affān and he was then besieged (by the rebels). He said, Thou art the imām of the people and to thee has happened what thou seest, and the rebel imām leads our prayers and we consider this to be a sin. He said, Prayer is the best of things which people do; so when people do a good work, do thou also do the good with them, and when they do evil, do thou shun their evil. (B. 10:56.)

6 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "Jihād is incumbent on you under every commander whether he is virtuous or wicked, even though he be guilty of heinous sins and prayer is incumbent on you behind every Muslim whether he is virtuous or wicked, even though he be guilty of heinous sins; and the holding of a (funeral) service on every Muslim is incumbent whether he is virtuous or wicked, even though he be guilty of heinous sins." (AD-Msh. 4:26)

7 Anas reported that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, left Ibn Umm Maktūm after him to act as imām of the people, and he was a blind man. (AD. 2:64.)

8 It is reported about Umm Waraqah who had learned the Qur'ān by heart that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, commanded her that she should act as imām of the people of her house, and she had a mu'adhdhin and she used to act as imām of the people of her house. (Ah. VI, 405)

9 Abū Hurairah reported that The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "When one of you leads the prayer for the people, he should lighten it, for among them is the weak one and the sick one and the old one; and when one of you prays alone, he may lengthen (it) as he likes." (B. 10:62.)

10 Barā' said, It was the practice that when the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said sami' Allāhu li-man hamidahū, none of us bent down his back (for falling down in prostration) until the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, fell down in prostration, and then we fell down in prostration after him." (B. 10:52.)

11 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "When you come to prayer, and we have fallen down in prostration, fall down in prostration and do not count it as anything, and whoever joins in one rak'ah joins the prayers." (AD-Msh. 4:28.)

12 Samurah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, commanded us that when we were three, one of us should stand in the front. (Tr-Msh. 4:25.)

13 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "Keep the imām in the middle and close the openings." (AD-Msh. 4:24.)

14 Ibn 'Abbās said, I said my prayers with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, on a certain night and 1 stood on his left, and the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, took hold of my head from, behind me and placed me on his right hand, then he said prayers. (B. 10:77.)

15 'Ā'ishah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to say his prayers at night in his enclosure, and the wall of the enclosure was low, so the people saw the person of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, (standing in prayers), and some people got up and followed him in his prayers. (B. 10:80)

« Previous
Hadith Online Text

Hadith, online Hadith, Hadith translation, sayings of Muhammad, sayings of the Prophet, Hadith