6. Adhān and Iqāmah

1 It is reported about Ibn 'Umar that he used to say, The Muslims when they came to Madīnah used to gather together and they made an appointment for prayers; no call was given for it. So they talked about it one day. Some of them said, Have a bell like the bell of the Christians; others said, Rather a bugle like the horn of the Jews; 'Umar said, Would you not appoint a man who should sound a call for the prayer. The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said, "O Bilāl! get up and give a call for prayer." (B. 10:1.)

2 Anas said, When the number of people increased, they conversed that they should make known the time of prayers by some means which they may recognize. So they mentioned that they should light the fire or ring a bell. Then Bilāl was commanded to callout the adhān, repeating the words, and to say the iqāmah, uttering the words only once. (B. 10:2.)

3 Abū Mabdhūrah said, I said, O Messenger of Allāh! Teach me the way of delivering the adhān. He said, So he touched his forehead (and) said:

"Thou shouldst say: 'Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is the Greatest.' Thou shouldst raise thy voice with it; then thou shouldst say, 'I bear witness that there is no God but Allāh, I bear witness that there is no God but Allāh, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allāh, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allāh.' Thou shouldst lower thy voice with it; then thou shouldst raise thy voice with the bearing of witness, 'I bear witness that there is no God but Allāh, I bear witness that there is no God but Allāh, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allāh, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allāh. Come to prayer, Come to prayer; Come to success, Come to success'. Then if it is the morning prayer, thou shouldst say, 'Prayer is better than sleep' 'Prayer is better than sleep'; (Then thou shouldst say), 'Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is the Greatest, there is no God but Allāh.'" (AD-Msh. 4:4.)

4 Ibn 'Umar said, In the time of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, (sentences of) the adhān used to be repeated twice, and (those of) the iqāmah (were uttered) only once, with this exception that he used to say, Prayer is ready, Prayer is ready. (AD-Msh. 4:4.)

5 Sa'd reported that The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, commanded Bilāl to put his two forefingers into his ears (when delivering the adhān); this, he said, would help in the raising of thy voice. (IM-Msh. 4:4.)

6 It is related about Bilāl that he put his two forefingers into his ears (when delivering the adhān), while Ibn 'Umar did not put his fore-fingers into his ears; and Ibrāhīm said, There is no harm in delivering the adhān without performing ablution; and 'Atā' said, Ablution is necessary and it is the (Prophet's) practice. (B. 10:19.)

7 Abū Juhaifah said, That he saw Bilāl delivering the adhān. (He said), So I followed him when he turned his face to one side and to the other in the adhān. (B. 10:19.)

8 Mūsā said, I saw Bilāl (when) he went forth to the Abtah and delivered the adhān, so when he reached hayya 'ala-l-salā, hayya 'ala-falāh, he turned his neck to the right side and to the left and did not turn round. (AD. 12:34.)

9 A woman of the Banī Najjār said, My house was the highest house in the environs of the mosque and Bilāl used to deliver the morning adhān on it. (AD. 2:31)

10 'Abd Allāh reported ... that Abu Sa'īd Khudrī said to him, I see thee living among goats and in the desert, so when thou are among thy goats or in thy desert and deliverest the adhān for prayer, raise thy voice with the adhān, for neither jinn nor man nor anything else hears the voice of the crier within its reach but it shall bear witness for him on the day of Resurrection. (B. 10:5.)

11 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "The Imām is a surety and the deliverer of the adhān is one in whom confidence is placed; O Allāh! direct aright the leaders of prayer and grant protection to the deliverers of the adhān." (AD. 2:32)

12 Uthmān ibn Abi-l-'Ās said, O Messenger of Allāh! Make me the imām of a people. He said: "Thou art their imām and do thou follow the weakest of them9 and appoint a mu'adhdhin who does not take any remuneration for his adhān." (AD. 2:39.)

13 Abu Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, commanded us (saying): "When you are in the mosque and a call for prayers is sounded, let not one of you go out until he has said his prayers." (Ah-Msh. 4:23.)

14 Abū Sa'īd Khudrī reported that The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "When you hear the adhān, say what the mu'dhdhin says." (B. 10:7)

15 Yahyā said, Some of our brethren related to me that when he (Mu'āwiyah) heard the words, Come to prayer, he said, There is no strength nor power but in Allāh, and he said, Thus did we hear your Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say. (B. 10:7.)

16 Jābir reported that The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: 11. Hayya 'ala-l-salā being an order, the proper response to it is that given in this hadīth, When the adhān is being delivered, the hearer should repeat its sentences and when it is finished, be should offer the prayer mentioned in the next hadīth. p. 100 "Whoever says when he hears the adhān, 'O Allāh! the Lord of this perfect call and everliving prayer, grant to Muhammad nearness and excellence and raise him to the position of glory which Thou hast promised him,' My intercession will be due to him on the day of Resurrection." (B. 10:8.)

17 'Abd Allāh reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, (who) said: "Let not the adhān of Bilāl prevent one of you from taking his breakfast,12 for he delivers the adhān while it is night, so that he may send back the one of you who is saying his prayer or awaken the one who is sleeping." (B. 10:13.)

18 Abd Allāh reported that The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "Between every two adhāns, there is a prayer for him who likes." (He said this) thrice. (B. 10:14.)

19 Ziyād said that He delivered the adhān, and Bilāl desired to call out the iqāmah but the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "O brother of Sudā'! The one who calls out the adhān shall call out the iqāmah." (Ah. IV, 169.)

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