5. The Mosque

1 Jābir reported that, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"I have been granted five things which were not granted to any one before me: and for me the earth has been made a mosque and a means of purification; therefore, if prayer overtakes any person of my community, he should say his prayers (wherever he is)...." (B. 7:l.)

2 'Uthmān ... said ... I heard the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say:

"Whoever builds a mosque, desiring thereby Allāh's pleasure, Allāh builds for him the like of it in paradise." (B. 8:65.)

3 Abd Allāh ibn 'Umar said, 'When the people were saying their morning prayers (in the mosque) at Qubā, a man came to them and said, A portion of the Qur'ān has been revealed to the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, during the night and he has been commanded to turn his face towards the Ka'bah; so they turned their faces towards it; and their faces were towards Syria, so they turned round to the Ka'bah. (B. 8:32)

4 Abd Allāh ibn 'Umar 'reported that The Mosque was, in the time of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, built of unburnt bricks and its roof was of palm-boughs resting on columns of the stems of palm-trees.

Abu Bakr did not add anything to it, and 'Umar extended it and built it of unburnt bricks and palm-boughs, on the foundation on which it was built in the time of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and made anew its columns of timber. Then 'Uthmān changed it, and made in it very large extensions and built its walls of chiselled stone and mortar and made its pillars of chiselled stone and its roof of teakwood. (B. 8:62.)

5 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"I have not been commanded to decorate the mosques." (AD-Msh. 4:7.)

6 'Umar ordered the building of the Mosque and said, I give people shelter from rain; and beware of painting (it) red or yellow, for thou wilt thus cause people to fall into trial. (B. 8:62.)

7 Anas said, They will vie with one another (in building mosques), then they will not visit them but a little. (B. 8:62.)

8 Umar said, 'We do not enter your churches on account of the statues on which are figures. And Ibn 'Abbās used to say his prayers in the church except a church which had statues in it. (B. 8:54.)

9 'Ā'ishah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, ordered the building of the mosque in habitations and that it should be kept clean and perfumed. (AD-Msh. 4:7.)

10 Abū-Hurairah reported that A black man or a black woman used to clean the mosque and he died. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, asked about him and they said, He is dead. He said, "Why did you not inform me about him; lead me to his--or, he said, her--grave." So he came to his grave and offered prayers on it. (B. 8:72.)

11 Sahl said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, sent message to a woman:

"Tell thy carpenter slave to make for me (a pulpit of) pieces of wood, on which I may sit." (B. 8:64.)

12 Maimūnah said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to pray on the mat. (B. 8:21.)

13 Anas said, We used to say our prayers with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and one of us put a corner of his cloth at the place (where his forehead touched the ground) in prostration, on account of the severity of heat. (B. 8:21)

14 Barā' ibn 'Āzib said prayers in congregation in the mosque of his house. (B. 8:46.)

15 Ibn 'Umar reported (that) the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, "Say a part of your prayers in your houses and do not make them graves." (B. 8:52.)

16 Abū Hurairah said, I saw seventy of the dwellers of the Suffah, and not one of them had an over-garment. (B. 8:58.)

17 Abū Hurairah said, The dwellers of the Suffah were guests of Muslims. They had neither families to lodge with nor any property. (Tr. 35:36.)

18 Abū Hurairah said, I heard the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say:

"Whoever comes to this mosque of mine, and he does not come but for some good which he would learn or teach, he is like one who is engaged in jihād in the way of Allāh; and whoever comes for any purpose other than this, he is like a man who casts looks at the property of another." (IM-Msh. 4:7)

19 'Ā'ishah said, One day I saw the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, at the door of my apartment, and the Abyssinians were sporting in the mosque, and the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him , screened me with his over-garment whilst I saw their sport. (B. 8:69.)

20 Abū Salmah reported that He heard Hassān ibn Thābit calling Abū Hurairah to witness, I beseech thee by Allāh, didst thou hear the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say:

"O Hassān! Reply on behalf of the Messenger of Allāh; O Allāh! help him with the Holy Spirit."

Abu Hurairah said, Yes. (B. 8:68.)

21 Jābir said, I came to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and he was in the mosque . . . at early forenoon time; he said, "Offer two rak'ahs of prayer"; and he owed me a debt, so he paid it to me and gave me more than was due. (B. 8:59)

22 'Ā'ishah said,

Sa'd was wounded in the median vein of the arm in the battle of the Ditch, and the Prophet, ordered a tent to be set up (for him) in the mosque, so that being near he might visit him (frequently.) (B. 8:77.)

23 'Ā'ishah reported that A certain tribe of the Arabs had a black slave-girl whom they set free ... Then she accepted Islām. 'Ā'ishah said, She had a small tent pitched for her in the mosque. (B. 8:57.)

24 Anas reported that A party of the 'Ukl came to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and they were lodged in the Suffah. (B. 8:58)

25 Abū Hurairah said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, sent some horsemen towards Najd, and they brought a man of Banī Hanīfah, called Thumāmah ibn Uthāl, and they tied him to one of the columns of the mosque. (B. 8:76.)

26 Anas said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, had some money brought to him from Bahrain. He said, "Put it in the mosque." And it was the greatest amount of money that was ever brought to the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him. Then the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, came out for prayer and did not pay any heed to it. When he had finished the prayer, he came and sat near it, and he did not see any one but gave him (out of it.) (B. 8:42.)

27 Sā'ib said, I was standing in the mosque when some one threw a pebble at me. I looked at him and it was 'Umar ibn al-Khattāb, and he said, Go and bring to me these two (men). So I brought them to him and he said, Who are you or where do you come from? They said, We are of the people of Tāif. He said. If you had been of the residents of the city, I would have punished you. Do you raise your voices in the mosque of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him? (B. 8:81)

28 Mālik said, 'Umar made a courtyard, called the Butaihā', on one side of the mosque, and said, Whoever intends to talk loudly or recite poems or raise his voice, let him go to this courtyard. (Mt-Msh. 4:7.)

29 Anas said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him said:

"To spit in the mosque is a sin and its atonement is to bury it." (B. 8:37.)

30 'Ā'ishah said, 'The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said to me:

"Hand me over the mat from the mosque."

I said, I am menstruating. He said:

"Thy menses are not in thy hand." (M-Msh. 3:12.)

31 Abū Hurairah said, An Arab of the desert stood up and began urinating in the mosque. People were about to take hold of him but the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him; said to:

"Leave him alone and throw a bucket of water over his urine, for you have been raised to deal with people gently and you have not been raised to deal with them harshly." (B. 4:58.)

32 The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, prohibited the reciting of poems in the mosque and selling and buying in it and that people should sit in circles in the mosque on Friday before prayers. (AD-Msh. 4:7.)

33 Abū Sa'īd Khudrī said, the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, delivered a sermon and said,

"Let no door be left that should open into the mosque but it should be closed, except the door of Abu Bakr." (B. 8:80)

34 Qurrah reported that the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, forbade the eating of these two plants, i.e., raw onions and garlic, and said:

"Whoever eats them let him not approach our mosque."20

And he said:

"If you eat them unavoidably, then have their offensive smell destroyed by dressing." (AD-Msh. 4:7.)

35 Abū Maslamah said, I asked Anas ibn Mālik, Did the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say his prayers with his shoes on? He said, Yes. (13. 8:24.)

36 'Abd Allah ibn 'Umar said, The dogs came into and went out of the mosque in the time of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and they did not wash (the mosque) with water on that account. (B. 4:34.)

37 Abn Usaid said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

When one of you enters the mosque, he should say, 'O Allāh! open for me the doors of Thy mercy'; and when he goes out, he should say, 'O Allāh! I beg of Thy grace of Thee'." (M-Msh. 4:7.)

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