4. Purification

SECTION I: NATURAL EVACUATIONS.

1 'Abū Mālik said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him,

"Purification is half the faith." (M-Msh. 3.)

2 Jābir said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"The key to paradise is prayer and the key to prayer is purification." (Ah-Msh. 1)

3 Ibn 'Umar said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Prayer is not accepted without purification, nor (is) charity (accepted) out of what is acquired by unlawful means." (M-Msh. 3:l.)

4 Anas said, When the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, went to privy, he used to say:

"O Allāh! I seek refuge in Thee from impure deeds and evil habits." (B. 4:9.)

5 Anas reported, When the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, went out for natural evacuation, I and a boy used to go and with us there used to be a bucket of water. (B. 4:15.)

6 'Abd Allāh said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, went to ease himself and he asked me to bring him three pebbles. (B. 4:21.)

7 'Ā'ishah said, the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"When one of you goes to ease himself, let him take with him three pebbles with which to clean himself, for these will suffice him." (AD-Msh 3:2.)

8 Jābir said,

When the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, wanted to ease himself he went (to a distant place) until no one could see him. (AD-Msh 3:2.)

9 Abū Mūsā reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

When one of you wishes to pass urine, let him seek the proper place for urinating." (AD-Msh. 3:2.)

10 'Ā'ishah said, 'The right hand of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was for his ablution and his food, and his left hand for cleaning after easing himself and for removing noxious things. (AD-Msh. 3:2.)

11 Mu'ādh said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Abstain from three objects of curse, easing near springs of water and on roads and under (a tree where men sit for) shade." (AD-Msh. 3:2.)

12 Hudhaifah said, I saw myself and the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, going together and he came to a heap of sweepings of a people behind a wall and he was standing as one of you stands, then he passed the urine. (B. 4:61.)

13 Abū Hurairah said,

When the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, went to the privy, I brought to him water in a small vessel or in a leather bag and he used water for cleaning, then rubbed his hand on the ground,10 then I brought to him another vessel of water and he made ablution. (AD-Msh. 3:2.)

14 'Ā'ishah said, When the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, came out of the privy, he used to say:

'I seek Thy protection." (Tr-Msh. 3:2.)

15 Anas said, When the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, came out of the privy, he used to say:

"Praise be to Allāh Who has removed from me noxiousness and given me health." (IM-Msh. 3:2.)

16 Anas said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, spat in a cloth of his. (B. 4:70.)

17 Anas reported that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, saw phlegm on the front (wall of the mosque) and it was painful to him to such a degree that (signs of) it could be seen in his face... Then he took hold of a corner of his sheet and spat in it then turned one part of it over the other and said:

"Rather let one do like this." (B. 8:31)

SECTION 2: THE TOOTH-BRUSH

18 'Ā'ishah said on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him,

"The tooth-brush purifies the mouth and is a means of seeking the pleasure of the Lord." (B. 30:27.)

19 Abū Hurairah said, on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, "Were it not that I would place too heavy a burden on my community, I would have commanded them to use the tooth-brush at every ablution." (B. 30:27.)

20 Anas said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

'I have spoken to you about the tooth-brush too often." (B. 11:8.)

21 Hudhaifah said, When the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, got up during the night (for tahajjud), he used to clean his mouth with the tooth-brush. (B. 4:73)

22 'Ā'ishah said,

"Never did the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, wake up after sleeping at night or in the day, but he used the tooth-brush before he performed ablution." (AD-Msh. 3:1)

23 Shuraih ibn Hānī said, asked 'Ā'ishah, What was the first thing the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, did when he entered his house? She said, Tooth-brushing. (M-Msh. 3:3.)

SECTION 3: ABLUTION OR WUDZŪ'

24 Sa'īd ibn Zaid said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"That man has not performed ablution who does not remember Allāh in doing it." (Tr-Msh. 3:4.)

25 Yahyā al-Māzinī reported that a man said to 'Abd Allāh ibn Zaid, Canst thou show me how the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, performed ablution? 'Abd Allāh ibn Zaid said, Yes.

So he sent for water and poured it over his hands and washed his hands twice, then he rinsed his mouth and sniffed water into his nose thrice, then he washed his face thrice, then he washed his hands up to the elbow twice, then he wiped his head with both his hands so that he carried them from the front and brought them back he began with his forehead until he carried them to his neck, then he brought them back to the place from which he had started then he washed his two feet. (B. 4:38.)

26 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, performed ablution (washing each part) once only. (B. 4:22.)

27 'Abd Allāh ibn Zaid reported that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, performed ablution (washing each part) twice. (B. 4:21)

28 It is reported about 'Uthmān that he performed ablution at Maqā'id, and said, May I not show you the ablution of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him? Then he performed ablution (washing each part) thrice. (M-Msh. 3:44)

29 'Ā'ishah said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was fond of beginning on the right side, in putting on his shoes and in combing his hair and in performing his ablution, (in fact) in all his actions. (B. 4:31.)

30 Abn Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"When you put on clothes and when you perform ablution, begin with the right side." (AD-Msh. 3:4.)

31 Ibn 'Abbās reported that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, wiped his head and also his two ears, the internal parts of them with his two forefingers and the back parts of them with his two thumbs. (Ns-Msh. 3:4.)

32 'Amr ibn Umayyah said, I saw the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, passing his hands over his turban and his boots. (B. 4:48.)

33 Mughīrah said, I was with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, in a journey, and I bent down to take off his boots but he said,

"Leave them alone, for I put them on in a state of cleanness;" then he passed his hands over them both. (B. 4:49.)

34 Mughīrah said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, performed ablution and passed his hands over the socks and the shoes. (A D-Msh. 3:9.)

35 Abū Bakrah reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, that he allowed one who is journeying three days and nights and one who is not on a journey one day and night to wipe his boots (instead of washing his feet) when he had put them on in a state of cleanness. (DQ-Msh. 3:9.)

36 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Prayer is not accepted of a man who voids himself until he performs ablution." (B. 4:2.)

37 Anas said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him , used to perform ablution at every prayer. I (his disciple) said, How did you act? He said, Ablution sufficed one of us until he voided himself. (B. 4:55.)

38 Anas said, The companions of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to wait for the night ('Ishā') prayer until their heads nodded (in drowsiness), then they said their prayers and did not perform ablution. (AD-Msh. 3:l.)

39 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Ablution is necessary for him who sleeps reclining, for when he reclines his joints are relaxed." (Tr-Msh. 3:l.)

40 Abu-l-Dardā' reported that The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, vomited, then performed ablution. (Tr. 1:64.)

41 It is related about Ibn 'Umar that he washed his feet after the water, with which he had washed (other parts), had dried up. (B. 5:10.)

42 Umar said, 'The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

Anyone who performs ablution and does it thoroughly, then says I bear witness that there is no god but Allāh, He is One. there is no associate with Him, and that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger; O Allāh! make me of those who turn to Thee again and again and make me of those who purify themselves'--the eight doors of paradise are opened to him; he enters it by whichever of them he pleases." (Tr. 1:42.)

SECTION 4: BATH

43 'Abd Allāh ibn 'Umar reported that The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"When one of you comes to the Friday gathering, he should take a bath." (B. 11:2.)

44 'Amr ibn Sulaim said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Taking a bath on Friday is incumbent on every one who has attained to puberty and he should use the tooth-brush and use scent if he can find it." (B. 11:3.)

45 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said

"It is incumbent upon every Muslim that he should take a bath (at least) once in every seven days and wash his head and his whole body." (B. & M.-Msh 3:10)

46 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"The person who washes a dead body should take a bath." (IM-Msh. 3:11.)

47 Qais ibn 'Āsim reported that

He was initiated into Islām, and the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, commanded him to take a bath with water and (leaves of) the lot tree. (Tr. Msh. 3:11.)

48 'Ā'ishah reported that

The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, commanded the taking of a bath on four occasions: on account of janābah,24 and on Friday, and in case of cupping, and after washing a dead body. (AD-Msh. 3:11.)

49 'Ā'ishah reported that

A woman asked the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, as to her bathing after menstruation; so he told (her) how to take a bath. (B. 6:13.)

50 (It is related) on the authority of Abū Hurairah that The Prophet. peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, met him on a certain road of Madīnah when he (Abu Hurairah) was junub. Considering myself unclean I left him, then I went and took a bath. Then he (Abu Hurairah) came, and (the Prophet) said, "Where wast thou, O Abu Hurairah?" He said, I was junub, so I did not like that I should sit with thee while I was in a state of impurity. He said:

"Allāh be glorified, the believer does not get impure." (B. 5:21)

51 Anas said,

When a woman among the Jews had her menses, they would not eat with her and would not be with her in the same room; so the companions of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, asked the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and Allāh revealed to him, "They ask thee about the menses." (2:222.) The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Do everything except the sexual intercourse." (M-Msh 3:12.)

52 Ibn 'Abbās said, Maimūnah said, I placed water for the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, to bathe with, and he washed his hand twice or thrice, then he poured water on his left hand, then he washed his private parts, then he rubbed his hand on earth, then he rinsed his mouth and sniffed water into his nose and washed his face and his two hands (up to the elbow), then he poured water on his body, then he changed his place and washed his two feet. (B. 5:5.)

53 'Ā'ishah said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, did not perform ablution after taking a bath. (Tr.-Msh. 3:5.)

54 Ya'lā said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, saw a man bathing (naked) in an open place; so he ascended the pulpit and praised and glorified Allāh, then said:

"Surely Allāh is the Possessor of modesty, Concealer of faults--He loves modesty and concealing of that in which there is shame; so when one of you takes a bath, let him screen himself from being seen." (AD-Msh. 3:5.)

SECTION 5: TAYAMMUM

55 Abu Dharr said,

The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Pure earth serves the purpose of a Muslim's ablution, though he may not find water for ten years. When he finds water, he should wash with it his body, for that is better." (AD-Msh. 3:10.)

56 'Ammār said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, sent me on some business, and (while journeying) I became a junub and did not find water, so I rolled about on earth as an animal rolls, and I mentioned this to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, He said, "It was sufficient for thee that thou shouldst have done thus;" and he struck his hand on earth once, then he shook off its dust and wiped with it the back of the (right) hand with the left or the back of the left with the (right) hand, then wiped his face with both (hands). (B. 7:8.)

57 It is related that 'Amr ibn al-'Ās became a junub on a cold night, so he resorted to tayammum and recited the verse, "Do not kill yourselves, for Allāh is Merciful to you" (4: 29). This was mentioned to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, he did not censure (him.) (B. 7:7.)

58 Jābir said, We went out on a journey, and a stone struck a man from among us and wounded his head, and he bad nocturnal pollution ... (The Prophet) said:

"...It was sufficient for him to perform tayammum and to have a bandage on the wounded part, then to wipe it and wash the rest of his body." (AD-Msh. 3:10.)

« Previous
Hadith Online Text

Hadith, online Hadith, Hadith translation, sayings of Muhammad, sayings of the Prophet, Hadith