30. Ethics

1 Abd Allāh ibn 'Amr said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to say:

"The best of you are those who have the most excellent morals."

(B. 61:23.)

2 Abu Hurairah said, A man came to the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and said, O Messenger of Allāh! Who has the greatest right that I should keep company with him with goodness? He said, "Thy mother". He said, Who then? He said, "Thy mother." He said, Who then? He said, "Thy mother." He said, Who then? He said, "Then thy father."

(B. 78:2.)

3 Mu'āviyah Ibn Jāhimah reported, Jāhimah came to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and said, O Messenger of Allāh! I intended that I should enlist in the fighting force and I have come to consult thee. He said: "Hast thou a mother?" He said, Yes. He said: "Then stick to her, for paradise is beneath her two feet."1

(Ns. 25:6.)

4 'Ā'ishah said, A dweller of the desert came to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and said, You kiss children but we do not kiss them. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Do I control aught for thee if Allāh has taken away mercy from thy heart?"

(B. 78:18.)

5 'Ā'ishah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, took a baby in his arms, rubbing its palate (with chewed date), and it urinated on him, so he sent for water and made it follow the urine.

(B. 78:21.)

6 'Ā'ishah said, 'A woman came, with her being her two daughters, asking for charity but she did not find with me anything except a date. I gave it to her and she divided it between her two daughters, and did not herself eat of it. Then she got up and went out, and the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, entered on us and I informed him about it. So the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Whoever is thrown into a trial on account of these daughters, they are a screen for him from fire."

(B. 24:10.)

7 Anas said, I heard the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say:

"Whomsoever it pleases that his sustenance should be made ample to him or that his life should be lengthened, let him be kind to his relatives."

(B. 34:11)

8 Abū Hurairah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Rahim is an offshoot of Rahmān; so Allāh said, Whoever makes his ties close with thee I will make My ties close with him, and whoever severs his ties with thee I will sever My ties with him."

(B. 78:13.)

9 Abu Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"The most perfect of the believers in faith is the best of them in moral excellence, and the best of you are the kindest of you to their wives."

(Tr. 10:11)

10 Aswad said, I asked 'Ā'ishah, What did the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, do when in his house? She said, he served his wife, meaning that he did work for his wife.

(B. 10:44.)

11 Ibn 'Umar reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said

"A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim; he does him no injustice, nor does he leave him alone (to be the victim of another's injustice); and whoever does the needful for his brother, Allāh does the needful for him; and whoever removes the distress of a Muslim, Allāh removes from him a distress out of the distresses of the day of resurrection; and whoever covers (the fault of) a Muslim, Allāh will cover his sins on the day of resurrection."

(B. 46:3.)

12 Anas said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said

"Help thy brother whether he is the doer of wrong or wrong is done to him."

They (his companions) said, O Messenger of Allāh! We can help a man to whom wrong is done, but how could we help him when he is the doer of wrong? He said: "Take hold of his hands from doing wrong."

(B. 46:4)

13 Nu'mān said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

Thou wilt see the faithful in their having mercy for one another and in their love for one another and in their kindness towards one another like the body; when one member of it ails, the entire body (ails), one part calling out the other with sleeplessness and fever."

(B. 78:27.)

14 Abū Mūsā reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Believers are in relation to one another as (parts of) a structure, one part of which strengthens the other." And he inserted the fingers of one hand amid those of the other (so as to conjoin his two hands).

(B. 8:88.)

15 Ibn 'Umar reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said, while at Minā: "Do you know what day is this?" They said, Allāh and His Messenger know best. He said . "This is a sacred day. Do you know what city is this?" They said, Allāh and His Messenger know best. He said, "Sacred city. Do you know what month is this?" They said, Allāh and His Messenger know best. He said: "Sacred month." Then he said: "Surely Allāh has made sacred to you your blood and your property and your honour as this day of yours is sacred in this month of yours in this city of yours."

(B. 25: 132.)

16 Anas reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Do not hate one another and do not be jealous of one another and do not boycott one another, and be servants of Allāh (as) brethren; and it is not lawful for a Muslim that he should sever his relations with his brother for more than three days."

(B. 78:57.)

17 Abū Dharr reported, He heard the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say:

"A man does not accuse another of being a transgressor, nor does he accuse him of being a kāfir, but it ( the epithet ) comes back to him, if his companion is not such."

(B. 78:44.)

18 Abū Bakrah said, I heard the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say:

"When two Muslims meet each other with their swords, both of them are in the fire."

I said, O Messenger of Allāh! This is for the murderer, but what about the one who is murdered? He said:

"He was desirous of murdering his companion."

(B. 2:21.)

19 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Whoever believes in Allāh and the latter day should not harm his neighbour, and whoever believes in Allāh and the latter day should honour his guest."

(B. 78:31).

20 'Ā'ishah reported, 'The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Gabriel continued to enjoin me with good treatment towards the neighbour until I thought that he would make him heir of the property (of the deceased neighbour.)"

(B. 78:28)

21 Abū Dharr said, ...The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said to me:

"...Your slaves are your brethren, Allāh has placed them under your control; so whoever has his brother under his control should feed him from what he eats and should give him clothes to wear from what he wears, and do not impose on them a task which should overpower them, and if you impose on them such a task, then help them (in doing it)."

(B. 2:21.)

22 Anas said, I served the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, for ten years, and he never said to me, Fie. Nor, Why hast thou done (this)? Nor, Why hast thou not done (this)?

(B. 78: 39.)

23 Abū Hurairah said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said

"One who manages the affairs of the widow and the poor man is like the one who exerts himself hard in the way of Allāh, or the one who stands up for prayer in the night and fasts in the day."

(B. 69:1.)

24 Sahl ibn Sa'd reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and the man who brings up an orphan will be in paradise like this."

And he pointed with his two fingers, the forefinger and the middle finger.

(B. 78:24.)

25 Abū Hurairah reported, Tufail ibn 'Amr al-Dausī and his companions came to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and said, O Messenger of Allāh! Daus have disobeyed and refused, so pray to Allāh for their punishment. And it was said, Daus have perished. But he said: "O Allāh! Guide Daus and bring them."

(B. 56: 100.)

26 'Ā'ishah reported, The Jews came to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and said, Death overtake you! 'Ā'ishah said, And you, and may Allāh curse you and may Allāh's wrath descend on you. He (the Prophet) said:

"Gently, O 'Ā'ishah! Be courteous, and keep thyself away from roughness."

(B. 78:38.)

27 Jarīr said: The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said

"Allāh has no mercy on him who is not merciful to men."

(B.& M-Msh. 24:15)

28 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"He is not of us who does not show mercy to our little ones and respect to our great ones."

(Tr-Msh. 24:15)

29 Sahl said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, passed by a camel that had grown extremely lean. So he said: 'Be careful of your duty to Allāh regarding these dumb animals; ride them while they are in a fit condition, and eat them while they are in a fit condition."

(AD. 15:43)

30 'Abd Allāh reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Surely truth leads to virtue, and virtue leads to paradise, and a man continues to speak the truth until he becomes thoroughly truthful; and surely falsehood leads to vice, and vice leads to the fire, and a man continues to tell lies until he is written down a great liar with Allāh"

(B. 78:60.)

31 'Anas said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was not a reviler, nor foul in speech, nor a curser; to reprove one of us he would say: "What is the matter with him may his forehead abound with dust."

(B. 78:38)

32 'Alī said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"A Muslim owes to a Muslim six (duties) to be bestowed liberally--he should offer him salutation when he meets him, and he should accept when he invites him, and he should pray for him when he sneezes, and he should visit him when he is sick, and he should follow his bier when he dies, and he should love for him what he loves for himself."

(Tr-Msh. 24:l.)

33 Abū Hurairah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said "The younger one should offer salutation to the older one, and the one who is going along to the one who is sitting, and the smaller group to the larger group."

(B. 79:4)

34 'Abd Allāh ibn 'Amr reported, A man asked the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, what Islām is the best one? He said:

"That thou feed (the poor) and offer salutation to whom thou knowest and whom thou dost not know."

(B. 2:5.)

35 Qatādah said, I said to Anas, Did the companions of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, shake hands (when they met)? He said, Yes.

(B. 79:27.)

36 'Ā'ishah said, Zaid ibn Hārithah came to Madīnah, and the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, stood up to receive him, and he embraced him15 and kissed him.

(Tr-Msh. 24:3.)

37 'Ubaid ibn 'Umair reported, Abū Mūsā al-Ash'arī sought permission to see 'Umar and he was not permitted, as if he was engaged, and Abu Mūsā came back.

(B. 34:9.)

38 Sa'īd ibn Abu-l-Hasan said to Hasan, Women, other than Arabs, keep their bosoms and their heads uncovered. He said, Turn thou away thy eyes from them."

(B. 79:2.)

39 'Ā'ishah reported, Saudah bint Zam'ah went out on a certain night. 'Umar saw her and recognised her and said, By Allāh, O Saudah, thou canst not hide thyself from us. So she returned to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and mentioned this to him while he was dining in my apartment ... and he said: "It is permitted to you (women) that you go out for your needs."

(B. 67:116.)

40 'Ā'ishah reported, Asmā', daughter of Abu Bakr, came to the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and she was wearing thin clothes. The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, turned away his face from her and said:

"O Asmā'! When the woman attains her majority, it is not proper that any part of her body should be seen except this and this." And he pointed to his face and his hands.

(AD. 31:30.)

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