3. Knowledge

1 'Abd Allah ibn Mas'ud said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"There shall be no envy but (emulate) two1: the person whom Allah has given wealth and the power to spend it in the service of Truth, and the person whom Allah has granted knowledge2 of things and he judges by it and teaches it (to others)." (B. 3:15.)

2 Malik ibn al-Huwairith said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said to us:

"Go back to your people and teach them." (B. 3:25.)

3 Ibn 'Abbas reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him:

"Let him who is present impart knowledge to him who is absent." (B. 3:37.)

4 Abu Musa said, The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"There are three persons for whom there is a double reward: ...the person who has a slave-girl, and he brings her up and trains her in the best manner and he educates her and gives her the best education, then sets her free and marries her, he has a double reward." (B. 3:31.)

5 Abu Sa'id Khudri said, The women said to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, The men have got an advantage over us in approaching thee therefore appoint for us a day from thyself; so he promised them a day in which he met them and he exhorted them and gave them commandments. (B. 3:35)

6 Abu Hurairah reported that The Khuza'ah murdered a man of the Banu Laith in the year of the conquest of Makkah, as a retaliation for the murder of one of them whom they had murdered. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, was informed of this, so he mounted his riding camel and delivered an address... Arid there came a man from among the people of Yaman and said, Write it down for me, O Messenger of Allah! So he said: "Write down for such and such a one." (B. 3:39.)

7 Abu Hurairah said, There was no one from among the companions of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, who reported more hadith from him than myself, but 'Abd Allah ibn 'Amr used to write while I did not write. (B. 3:39)

8 Zaid ibn Thabit reported that, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, commanded him to learn the writing of the Jews (in Syriac) so that I wrote for the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, his letters and read out to him their letters when they wrote to him. (B. 93:40.)

9 Abu Hurairah reported, A man from among the Ansar said . . ., O Messenger of Allah! I hear from thee a hadith which pleases me very much but I cannot retain it in memory. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said "Seek the help of thy right hand." And he made a sign with his hand for writing. (Tr. 39:12.)

10 Abu Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"People are mines, like mines of gold and silver; the more excellent of them in the days of Ignorance are the more excellent of them in Islam when they attain knowledge." (M-Msh. 2:l.)

11 Abu Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"The word of wisdom is the lost property of the believer, so wherever he finds it he has a better right to it."11 (Tr. 39:19.)

12 Anas said, The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"He who goes forth in search of knowledge is in the way of Allah till he returns." (Tr. 39:2.)

13 The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Whomsoever Allah intends to do good, He gives right understanding of religion." And

"Knowledge is maintained only through teaching." (B. 3:10.)

14 "The learned ones are the heirs of the prophets--they leave knowledge as their inheritance; he who inherits it inherits a great fortune." (B. 3:10.)

15 Anas said, The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said: "The seeking of knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim." (Bhq-Msh. 2.)

16 Anas said, The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said "Of the signs of the Hour is that knowledge shall be taken away and ignorance shall reign supreme." (B. 3:21.)

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