28. Food and Drinks

1 Anas said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, sacrificed two rams of a white colour mixed with black; I saw him with his foot placed on one side of their face, uttering Bismillāh, Allāh-u-Akbar, and he slaughtered them with his own hand.

(B. 73:9.)

2 Rāfi' said, We were with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, in Dhu-l-Hulaifah... So Rāfi said, We expect or we fear the enemy tomorrow and we have no knives; may we slaughter with (the thin edge of) cane? He (the Prophet) said: "What makes the blood flow, not the teeth and the nail, and the name of Allāh is mentioned on it, eat it."

(B. 47:1)

3 Nāfi' said, Ibn 'Umar forbade (the cutting of) the spinal cord, saying, Cut what is above the bone, then leave (it) until it dies.

(B. 72:24)

4 Ibn Abbās said, Slaughtering is in the throat and in the pit above the breast between the collar bones.

(B. 72:24.)

5 Mu'ādh ibn Sa'd reported, A slave girl of Ka'b ibn Mālik was pasturing sheep in Sal', and one of the goats was afflicted, so she caught hold of it and slaughtered it with a stone. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was asked about it, and he said, "Eat it."

(B. 72:19.)

6 Zuhrī said, There is no harm in (eating) an animal slaughtered by a Christian of Arabia; if thou hearest him invoking another name than that of Allāh, do not eat it, and if thou dost not hear him, Allāh has made it lawful, and He knew their unbelief.

(B. 72:22.)

7 'Ā'ishah said, Some people said to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, People5 bring to us meat about which we do not know whether the name of Allāh was mentioned over it or not. He said, "Mention the name of Allāh over it and eat it." She said, and they had just emerged from unbelief.

(B. 72:21)

8 Abū Th'labah said, I said, O Prophet of Allāh! We live in the land of the followers of the Book; may we eat in their vessels? And (we live) in a land where there is game,--I hunt with my bow and with my dog which is untaught and with my dog that has been taught, so what is right for me? He said: "As to what thou askest about the followers of the Book, if you can find (vessels) other than these, do not eat in them; and if you do not find (other vessels), wash them and eat in them." And what thou huntest with thy bow, and thou hast mentioned the name of Allāh, eat (it); and what thou huntest with the dog that thou hast taught, and thou hast mentioned the name of Allāh, eat (it); and what thou huntest with thy untaught dog and thou art able to slaughter it, eat it."

(B. 72:4.)

9 'Umar said, 'The game of the sea is that which has been hunted, and its food (ta'ām) is that which it casts forth. ...And Ibn 'Abbās said, Eat of the game of the sea whether it is (killed) by a Christian or a Jew or a Magian.

(B. 72:12.)

10 Abū Tha'labah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, forbade all beasts of prey with canine teeth.

(B. 72:29.)

11 Anas said, I was giving drink to people in the abode of Abu Talhah, and their wine at that time was made of dates. Then the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, ordered a crier to make it known that wine was forbidden. He said. So Abu Talhah said to me, Get out and pour it out. I poured it out, and it flowed in the streets of Madīnah.10

(B. 46:21.)

12 'Ā'ishah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was asked about bit'--it is a drink made of honey and the people of Yaman used to drink it. So the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Every drink that intoxicates is prohibited."

(B. 74:1)

13 Jābir said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Of whatever thing a large quantity intoxicates, even a small quantity is prohibited."

(AD. 25:5.)

14 Salmān reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said "The blessing of food is the washing of hands before it, and the washing of hands after it."

(Tr-Msh. 20.)

15 Suwaid Ibn al-Nu'mān said: We went forth with the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, to Khaibar. When we reached Sahbā', he ordered the food to be served; and there was brought to him nothing but meal of parched barley, and we ate (of it); then he got up for the prayer and he rinsed his mouth and we rinsed our mouths.14

(B. 70:51.)

16 'Umar ibn Abū Salamah said, I was a boy being brought up in the care of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and my hand was active in the bowl, taking from every side. So the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said to me, "Boy! Say Bismillāh and eat with thy right hand and eat from the side nearest to thee." So this was my manner of eating afterwards.

(B. 70:2.)

17 Abū Sa'īd al-Khudrī said, When the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, finished his meal, he used to say: "All praise is due to Allāh Who has given us to eat and to drink, and male us Muslims."

(Tr-2 Msh. 20.)

18 Abū Qatādah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"When one of you drinks, he should not blow into the vessel."

(B. 4:18.)

19 Jābir said, Abū Humaid brought a cup of milk from Naqī', and the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said to him:

"Why didst thou not cover it? Thou shouldst have placed a piece of wood on it."

(B. 74:11.)

20 Jābir reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"When you go to sleep, put out the lamp and shut the doors and cover the mouths of water-skins and cover food and drink."

(B. 74:21.)

21 Ja'far ibn Amr reported, His father informed him that he saw the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, cutting (meat) from the shoulder of a goat. Then he was invited to prayer, so he threw away the knife and said prayers and did not perform ablutions."

(B. 4:51.)

22 Hudhaifah said, I heard the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say: "Do not wear silk or silk brocade, and do not drink in vessels of gold and silver, and do not eat in bowls made of them; for they are for them in this life and for us in the next."18

(B. 70:29)

23 'Abd Allāh ibn 'Umar said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "When a person is invited (to a meal) and he does not accept (or reply), he disobeys Allāh and His Messenger; and he who goes (to a feast) without being invited enters as a thief and goes forth as a raider."

(AD. 26:l.)

24 Abū Hurairah reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him:

"When the servant brings to one of you his food, then if he does not make him sit with him (to eat at the same table), let him give him a morsel or two morsels, for he has laboured to prepare it."19

(B. 49:18.)

25 'Umar said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Eat together and do not eat separately, for the blessing is with the company"20

(IM-Msh. 20:l.)

26 Ja'far ibn Muhammad reported on the authority of his father, When the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, ate in the company of (other) people, he was the last of them (to finish) eating.21

(Msh. 20:1.)

27 Ibn 'Umar said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"When food is placed (before a company), no one should get up until the food is removed; nor should any one raise up his hand (from the food), though he may have satisfied his hunger, until the people have finished--and he should offer an excuse--for this causes his companion to become ashamed, so he withholds his hand though he may still need food."

(IM-Msh. 20:1.)

28 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"It is the sunnah that a man should accompany his guest to the door of the house."

(IM-Msh. 20:l.)

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