26. Gifts

1 Abn Hurairah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said

"O Muslim women! Let not a neighbour despise for her neighbour (a gift), even though it be the trotters of a goat."

(B. 51:1.)

2 'Ā'ishah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Give gifts to one another, for gifts take away rancour."

(Tr-Msh. 12:17.)

3 Anas said, Meat was brought to the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and it was said that it was given to Barīrah as a charity. He said:

"For her it is a charity, and for us it is a gift."

(B. 51:7.)

4 'Ā'ishah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to accept a gift and to give a compensation for it.2

(B. 51:11.)

5 Nu'mān said, My father gave me a gift. 'Amrah bint Rawāhah said, I do not agree until thou make the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, witness. So he came to the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and said: I gave a gift to my son from 'Amrah bint Rawāhah, and she has bidden me to make thee a witness, O Messenger of Allāh!

He said, "Hast thou given all thy sons the like of it"? He said, No. He said: "Be careful of your duty to Allāh and keep justice between your children." So he returned and took back his gift.

(B. 51:13.)

6 Ibrāhīm said, The giving of a gift by a man to his wife and by the wife to her husband is lawful. And 'Umar ibn 'Abd al 'Azīz said, They cannot take back (the gifts).

(B. 51:14.)

7 Asmā' said, I said, O Messenger of Allāh I have no property except what Zubair4 gave to me; can I give (it) as charity? He said:

"Do thou give charity (out of it) and do not withhold it, lest it be withheld from thee."

(B. 51:15.)

8 Asmā' said to Qāsim ibn Muhammad and Ibn Abi 'Atīq, I inherited (some property) in Ghābah from my sister 'Ā'ishah, and Mu'āwiyah offered me a hundred thousand for it this is now for you both.

(B. 51:22.)

9 The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and his companions gave as a gift to Hawāzin what they had gained from them in war and it was undivided.6

(B. 51:23.)

10 Abū Humaid said, ...The king of Aila sent a gift to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, white mare, and he gave him to wear an over-garment.7

(B. 24:54.)

11 Asmā' said, My mother came to me in the time of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and she was an idolatress. So I asked the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, I said, She is not inclined (to Islām), may I do good to her? He said, "Yes do good to thy mother."

(B. 51:29.)

12 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"The man who takes back what he has gifted is like one who returns to his vomit."

(B. 51:30.)

13 Jābir said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, decided in the matter of 'umrā that it is for him to whom it has been gifted.

(B. 51:32 )

14 Ibn 'Umar reported, 'Umar ibn al-Khattāb got land in Khaibar; so he came to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, to consult him about it. He said, O Messenger of Allāh! I have got land in Khaibar than which I have never obtained more valuable property; what dost thou advise about it? He said: "If thou likest, make the property itself to remain inalienable, and give (the profit from) it in charity."

So 'Umar made it a charity on the condition that it shall not be sold, nor given away as a gift, nor inherited, and made it a charity among the needy and the relatives and to set free slaves and in the way of Allāh and for the travellers and to entertain guests, there being no blame on him who managed it if he ate out of it and made (others) eat, not accumulating wealth thereby.16

(B. 54:19.)

15 Usāmah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"To whomsoever good is done and he says to the doer of it, May Allāh reward thee, he has done his utmost in praising."

(Tr-Msh. 12:17.)

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