24. Matters Relating to Service (Ijārāt)
1 Abū Hurairah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:
"Allāh did not raise a prophet but he pastured goats."
His companions said, And thou? He said:
"Yes! I used to pasture them for the people of Makkah for some carats."
2 Abū Mas'ūd said, When the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, commanded us to give in charity, one of us went to the market and carried a load for which he got a mudd, and some of them are millionaires to-day.
3 Abū Mūsā reported that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:
"The faithful treasurer who pays what he is ordered with a willing heart is one of those who give charity."
4 The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:
"Muslims shall be bound by the conditions which they make."
5 'Ā'ishah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and Abū Bakr employed a man of the Banī Dīl as a guide, a clever man, and he followed the religion of the disbelieving Quraish, so they made over to him their riding camels and told him to come to them with their riding camels at the cave of Thaur after three nights on the morning following the third night.
6 Khabbāb said, I was a blacksmith in the days of ignorance, and I had a debt due from 'Ās ibn Wā'il. So I came to him demanding it. He said, I will not give it to thee until thou deniest Muhammad. I said, I will not deny even if Allāh cause thee to die and thou art then raised to life.
7 Ibn 'Abbās said, reporting on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him:
"The most worthy of things for which you take a remuneration is the Book of Allāh."
And Ibn Sīrīn said ...: People paid remuneration for computing by conjecture the quantity of fruit.
8 Ibn Sīrīn saw no harm in the remuneration of the commission agent. And Ibn 'Abbās said, There is no harm that one should say,
Sell this cloth for me and what thou obtainest over such and such an amount, it shall be for thee.
9 Abū Hurairah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said
"Allāh says, There are three persons whose adversary in dispute I shall be on the day of resurrection: a person who makes a promise in My name then acts unfaithfully, and a person who sells a free person then devours his price, and a person who employs a servant and receives fully the labour due from him then he does not pay his remuneration.
10 Ibn 'Umar said, I heard the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say
"...And the third man said, I employed labourers and I paid them their remuneration with the exception of one man--he left his due and went away. So I invested his remuneration in a profitable business until it became abundant wealth."
11 Abū Mūsā said, I went to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and with me were two men from among the Ash'arīs. I said, I did not know that they wanted to be taken into service. He said: "We do not or shall not appoint a man who desires to be so appointed."6
12 Abū Humaid said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, appointed from among the Azd, a man, called Ibn al-Utbiyyah, for the collection of zakāt. When he came, he said, This is for you and this was given to me as a gift. He (the Prophet) said:
"He should have sat down in the house of his father or the house of his mother, then he should see whether a gift is given to him or not ."
13 Abū Hurairah said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, stood up among us, and he spoke about dishonesty and he spoke of its enormity and spoke of the enormity of its commitment.
"I should not see any one of you on the day of resurrection, there being on his neck a goat bleating, there being on his neck a horse neighing, so he should cry out, O Messenger of Allāh! come to my succour; and I would say, I do not control aught for thee, I delivered the message to thee."8
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