22. Buying and Selling

1 Miqdām reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"No one eats better food than that which he eats out of the work of his hand."

(B. 34:15.)

2 Qatādah said, People used to buy and sell and carry on trade (in goods), but when it was the turn of a duty out of the duties imposed by Allāh, neither merchandise nor selling diverted them from the remembrance of Allāh, so that they performed their duty to Allāh (first).

(B. 34:8.)

3 Abū Sa'īd reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"The truthful, honest merchant is with the prophets and the truthful ones and the martyrs."

(Tr. 12:4.)

4 Jābir reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"May Allāh have mercy on the man who is generous when he buys and when he sells and when he demands (his due)."

(B. 34:16.)

5 Hudhaifah said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"The angels met the soul of a man from among those who were before you, (and) they said, Hast thou done any good? He said, I used to give respite to the one in easy circumstances and forgive one who was in straitened circumstances. So they forgave him."

(B. 34:17.)

6 Hakīm ibn Hizām said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"The buyer and the seller have the option (of cancelling the contract) as long as they have not separated, then if they both speak the truth and make manifest,4 their transaction shall be blessed, and if they conceal and tell lies, the blessing of their transaction shall be obliterated."

(B. 34:19.)

7 Abū Sa'īd reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, forbade munābadhah, and this was the throwing of a person his cloth in sale to another before he examined it or looked at it; and he forbade mulāmasah, and mulāmasah was the touching of a cloth without looking at it.6

(B. 34:62.)

8 Abū Hurairah said, I heard the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say

"The taking of oaths makes the commodities sell, but it obliterates the blessing (therein)."

(B. 34:26.)

9 Ibn 'Umar reported, They used to buy cereals from the camel-owners in the time of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and he used to send to them a person who forbade them selling it where they purchased it, until it was brought to the place where cereals were sold.

(B. 34:49.)

10 Ibn 'Umar said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Whoever buys cereals, he shall not sell them until he obtains their possession."

(B. 34:54.)

11 Ma'mar said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said,

"Whoever withholds cereals that they may become scarce and dear, is a sinner."

(M-Msh. 12:8.)

12 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, forbade the dweller of the town selling for one coming from the desert, and (he said):

"Do not resort to najsh; and let not a man carry on a transaction against his brother's transaction."7

(B. 34:58.)

13 Anas reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, purchased a piece of hair-cloth and a bowl, and he said:

'Who will buy this piece of hair-cloth and bowl?"

A man said, I take them for one dirham. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Who will give more than one dirham? Who will give more than one dirham?" A man gave him two dirhams and bought them from him.

(Tr. 12:10.)

14 Abū Hurairah reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him:

"Do not leave the camels and the goats unmilked,9 and whoever buys them after (they have been so left), he has the option of doing one of the two things when he milks them; if he pleases he may keep them and if he pleases he may give them back (to the owner) with sā' of dates.

(B. 34:64.)

15 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, came to Madīnah, and they used to pay two and three years in advance for dates. So he said:

"He who pays in advance for a commodity, (he should do it) for a specified measure and a definite weight to be delivered at a fixed time."

(13. 35:2.)

16 Sa'īd ibn Huraith said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Whoever sells a house or a land yielding revenue, then he does not invest the price on a thing akin to it, he is not likely to be blessed therein."

(Ah. IV. 307.)

17 Jābir reported, He heard the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say, while he was at Makkah in the year of the conquest (of Makkah):

"Allāh and His Messenger have forbidden trade in wine and the dead (animals) and swine and Idols."

[It was said, O Messenger of Allāh! Inform us about the fat of the dead (animal); for, with it boots are rubbed and skins are greased and people light their lamps with it. He said: 'No! it is forbidden']

(B. 34:112.)

18 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, saw a dead goat which had been given to a maid of Maimūnah out of zakāt. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "Why did you not benefit by its skin?" They said, It was dead. He said: "Only the eating thereof is forbidden."13

(B. 24:61)

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