20. Marriage

1 'Alqamah said, While I was going along with 'Abd Allāh, he said, We were with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and he said:

"He who is able to marry should marry, for it keeps the eye cast down and keeps a man chaste; and he who cannot, should take to fasting, for it will have a castrating effect upon him.1

(B. 30:10.)

2 Ibn Mas'ūd said, We used to fight along with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and we had not (our) wives (with us); so we said, May we not castrate, O Messenger of Allāh? And he forbade us doing so.

(B. 67:64)

3 Sa'd said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, repudiated Uthmān ibn Maz'ūn's remaining celibate, and if he had permitted him, we would have been emasculated.

(B. 67:8.)

4 'Alī reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, forbade temporary marriage with women, and the eating of domestic asses. on the day of Khaibar.

(B. 64:40.)

5 'Ā'ishah reported, In the pre-Islamic times marriage was in four ways; one of these being as the people's marriage to-day, a man asking another man for marriage with his ward or his daughter, then he settles on her a dowry, then marries her.

(B 67:37.)

6 Jābir said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said When one of you asks a woman in marriage, then if he is able that he should look into what invites him to have her in marriage, he should do it."

(AD. 12:17.)

7 Mughīrah reported, He made a proposal of marriage to a woman, and the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"See her, for this is more likely to bring about agreement between you."

(Tr. 9:5.)

8 Abū Hurairah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said

"The widow shall not be married until she is consulted, and the virgin shall not be married until her consent is obtained."

They said, O Messenger of Allāh! How shall her consent be obtained? He said. "(It is sufficient) that she remains silent."

(B. 67:42.)

9 Khansā' reported, Her father gave her away in marriage, and she was a thayyib, and she did not like it. So she came to the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and he annulled her marriage.

(B. 67:43.)

10 'Ā'ishah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Select (fit) women (in respect of character) for your seed, and marry (your) equals and give (your daughters) in marriage to them."

(IM. 9:46.)

11 Abū Hurairah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"A woman is married on account of four things; on account of her wealth, and on account of (the nobility of) her family, and her beauty, and on account of her character, so attain success with the one possessing nobility of character." (B. 67: 16.)

12 'Uqbah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"The conditions which are most worthy that you should fulfil are those with which you legalize sexual relations."9

(B. 54:6.)

13 Ibn 'Umar reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, forbade, shighār; and shighār is this that a man gives his daughter in marriage to another man on condition that the latter shall give his daughter in marriage to him, neither of them paying dowry.

(B. 67:29.)

14 'Ā'ishah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

Make the marriage publicly known, and perform it in mosques, and beat at it with duff."11

(Tr-Msh. 13:3.)

15 Abd Allāh said: 'The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, taught us the marriage sermon (which is thus):

"All praise is due to Allāh; we beseech Him for help, and we ask for His protection, and we seek refuge in Him from the mischiefs of our souls; whomsoever Allāh guides, there is none who can lead him astray and whomsoever Allāh finds in error, there is none to guide him; and I bear witness that there is no god but Allāh and that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger. 'O you who believe! Be careful of your duty to Allāh, by Whom you demand one of another your rights, and to the ties of relationship; surely Allāh watches over you. 'O you who believe! Be careful of your duty to Allāh with the care which is due to him, and do not die unless you are Muslims.' 'O you who believe! Be careful of your duty to Allāh and speak the right word; He would put for you your deeds into a right state and forgive you your faults; and whoever obeys Allāh and His Messenger, he indeed achieves a mighty success."

(AD. 12:3l.)

16 Anas said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, saw women and children coming from a wedding, so the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, stood up erect and said: "O Allāh! You are the most loved of all people to me." He said this three times.13

(B. 63:5.)

17 'Ā'ishah said, She conducted the bride to a man from among the Ansār. And the Prophet of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said, "O 'Ā'ishah! Why had you no music with you, for the Ansār love music?14

(B. 67:64.)

18 Anas said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, had Zainab conducted to him on the occasion of his marriage with her; so Umm Sulaim said to me, What i if we send a present to the Messenger of Allāh? peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, I said to her, Do it. So she took dates and butter and cheese, and made a preparation mingling them in a cooking-pot, and sent me with it to him. And I went with it to him, and he said, Place it (here15)."

(B. 67:65.)

19 Anas said, Zainab bint Jahsh was conducted as a bride to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and bread and meat were served, and I was sent to invite people to the feast. A party came and had the meal, then went out; then another party came and had the meal and went out; I went on thus inviting until I could not find any one whom I should invite.16

(B. 65-33:8.)

20 Ibn 'Umar reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"When one of you is invited to a marriage feast, he should go to it."

(B. 67:72.)

21 Ion 'Abbās said, carrying it back to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, (who) said:

"If one of you, when he goes in to his wife, should say, 'In the name of Allāh; O Allāh! Ward off from us the Devil and ward off the Devil from that which Thou grantest us, then offspring is decreed for them, it (the Devil) will not harm it."

(B. 4:8.)

22 Jābir said, We used to resort to 'azl [birth control], in the time of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and the Qur'ān was then being revealed.

(B. 67:97.)

23 Abū Sa'īd said, ....We resorted to 'azl [birth control], then we asked the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and he said:

"What! Do you do it?" He said this thrice. "There is no soul that is to be till the day of Resurrection but it will come into life."

(B. 67:97)

24 Abū Rāfi' said, I saw the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, calling out adhān for prayer in the ear of Hasan ibn 'Alī, when Fātimah gave birth to him.18

(Tr-Msh. 19:1)

25 Abū Mūsā said, A son was born to me and I brought him to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, He named him Ibrāhīm, and he chewed a date and rubbed thereby his palate, and prayed for blessings for him and gave him back to me.

(B. 71:l.)

26 Salmān ibn 'Āmir said, I heard the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say:

"In the case of the boy is 'aqīqah, so pour blood for him and remove from him the uncleanness."20

(B. 71:2.)

« Previous
Hadith Online Text

Hadith, online Hadith, Hadith translation, sayings of Muhammad, sayings of the Prophet, Hadith