2. Īmān (Faith) And Islām (Submission)

1. Abu Hurairah reported that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Religion is easy, and no one exerts himself too much in religion but it overpowers him; so act aright and keep to the mean and be of good cheer and ask for (Divine) help at morning and at evening and during a part of the night." (B. 2:29.)

2. A'ishah reported that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, entered upon her and with her was a woman. He asked, "Who is this?" ('A'ishah) said, She is such and such a one; and began to speak (highly) of her prayers. He said: "Enough; only that is binding on you which you are able to do; by Allah, Allah does not get tired but you get tired, and the devotions dearest to Him are those in which the devotee perseveres. (B. 2:31.)

3. 'Abd Allah ibn 'Amr reported, The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said to me, "O 'Abd Allah! Am I not told that thou fastest in the day time and standest up in devotion during the night?" I said, Yes, O Messenger of Allah. He said: "Do not do so; keep fast and break it and stand up in devotion (in the night) and have sleep, for thy body has a right over thee, and thine eye has a right over thee, and thy wife has a right over thee, and the person who pays thee a visit has a right over thee." (B. 30:55)

4. Nu'man ibn Bashir said, I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, say:

"What is lawful is manifest and what is unlawful is manifest and between these two are doubtful things which many people do not know. So whoever guards himself against the doubtful things, he keeps his religion and his honour unsullied, and whoever falls into doubtful things is like the herdsman who grazes his cattle on the borders of a reserve--he is likely to enter it. Know that every king has a reserve (and) know that the reserve of Allah in His land is what He has forbidden. Know that in the body there is a bit of flesh; when it is sound the whole body is sound, and when it is corrupt the whole body is corrupt. Know, it is the heart." (B. 2:38.)

5. Abu Hurairah said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, was one day sitting outside among the people when a man came to him and asked, What is faith (Iman)? He said:

"Faith is that thou believe in Allah and His angels and in meeting with Him and (in) His messengers and that thou believe in being raised to life (after death)."

He asked, What is Islam? (The Prophet) said:

"Islam is that thou shalt worship Allah and not associate aught with Him and (that) thou keep up prayer and pay the zakat as ordained and fast in Ramadzan."

He asked, What is ihsan (goodness)? (The Prophet) said:

"That thou worship Allah as if thou seest Him; for if thou see Him not, surely He sees thee." (B. 2:36.)

6. Ibn 'Umar said, The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said: "Islam is built on five (things), the bearing of witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and the keeping up of prayer and the payment of zakat and the pilgrimage and fasting in Ramadzan." (B. 2:1.)

7 Abu Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Iman (Faith) has over seventy, or over sixty, branches; the most excellent of these is the saying, There is no god but Allah, and the lowest of them is the removal from the way of that which is harmful and modesty (haya') is a branch of faith." (M. 1:58.)

8 Anas said, The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said: "None of you has faith unless I am dearer to him than his father and his son and all mankind." (B. 2:7.)

9. Anas reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, He said

"None of you has faith unless he loves for his brother what he loves for himself." (B. 2:6.)

10 Anas reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, He said:

There are three qualities, in whomsoever they are met with he has tasted the sweetness of faith--that Allah and His Messenger are dearer to him than anything besides them, that he loves a man and does not love him but for the sake of Allah, and that it is loathsome to him that he may go back into unbelief as it is loathsome to him that he may be thrown into the fire." (B. 2:8.)

11 'Abd Allah ibn 'Amr reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, He said:

"A Muslim is he from whose tongue and hand Muslims are safe, and a muhajir (lit., one who flies from his home) is he who forsakes what Allah has forbidden." (B. 2:3.)

12 Abd Allah reported that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said: "To abuse a Muslim is transgression and to fight him is unbelief." (B. 2:35.)

13 Mar'ur said, I met Abu Dharr at Rabadhah and he wore a garment and his slave wore a (similar) garment. I questioned him about it. He said, I abused a man and called him by a bad name on account of his mother; so the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said to me:

"O Abu Dharr! Didst thou call him by a bad name on account of his mother; indeed thou hast in thee ignorance." (B. 2:21.)

14 Abu Hurairah reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, He said: "The signs of the hypocrite are three: when he speaks, he lies and when he makes a promise, he breaks it; and when he is charged with a trust, he is unfaithful."14 (B. 2:21)

15 Anas said: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Whoever offers prayers as we do and turns his face to our Qiblah and eats the animal slaughtered by us, he is a Muslim for whom is the covenant of Allah and the covenant of the Messenger of Allah; so do not violate Allah's covenant." (B. 8:28.)

16 Anas reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, . . . He said:

"There is none who bears witness with sincerity of heart that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah but Allah has forbidden his going to fire." (B. 3:49.)

17 'Uthman said: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said:

"Whoever dies while he knows that there is no god but Allah enters paradise." (M-Msh. l.)

18 "Religion is faithfulness to Allah and His Messenger and to the leaders of Muslims and Muslims in general." (B. 2:42.)

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