19. Jihad

1 Abu Hurairah said, A man came to the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and said, Guide me to a deed which is equal to jihād. He said, "I do not find it." (Then) he said: "Is it in thy power that when the one engaged in jihād goes forth, thou shouldst enter thy mosque and stand in prayer and have no rest, and that thou shouldst fast and break it not?" He said, Who can do it?

(B. 56:l.)

2 Abū Sa'īd al-Khudrī said, It was said, O Messenger of Allāh! Who is the most excellent of men? The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said,

"The believer who strives hard in the way of Allāh with his person and his property."

(B. 56:2)

3 Mughīrah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said,

"Some people from among my community shall remain in the ascendant, until the command of Allāh comes to them and they shall be triumphant."

(B. 61:28.)

4 'Imrān ibn Husain said, 'The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said

"A party of my community shall not cease fighting for the Truth--they shall be triumphant over their opponents. "

(AD-Msh. 18.)

5 Abū Hurairah reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Surely Allāh will raise for this community at the beginning of every century one who shall revive for it its faith."

(AD. 36:1.)

6 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said

"How would you feel when the son of Mary makes his appearance among you, and he is your imām from among yourselves." (B. 60:49.)

7 Sahl reported, He heard the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say:

"...Then invite them to Islām, and inform them of what is incumbent on them; for, by Allāh, if a single man is guided aright through thee, it is better for thee than red camels."

(B. 56:102.)

8 Ibn 'Abbās reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, wrote to the Cæsar inviting him to Islām, and sent his letter to him with Dihyah al-Kalbī, and the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, ordered him to make it over to the Chief of Busrā that he might send it to the Caesar.

(B. 56:102.)

9 Ibn 'Abbās reported, ... And this (letter) ran as follows:

"In the name of Allāh, the Beneficent, the Merciful. From Muhammad, the servant of Allāh and His Messenger, to Heraclius, the Chief of the Roman Empire. Peace be with him who follows the guidance. After this, I invite thee with invitation to Islām. Become a Muslim and thou wilt be in peace--Allāh will give thee a double reward; but if thou turnest away, on thee will be the sin of thy subjects. And, O followers of the Book! Come to an equitable proposition between us and you that we shall not serve any but Allāh, and that we shall not associate aught with Him, and that some of us shall not take others for lords besides Allāh; but if they turn back, then say: Bear witness that we are Muslims."

(B. 1:1.)

10 Salamah said, I swore allegiance to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, then I turned to the shade of a tree. When the crowd diminished, he (the Prophet) said, "O Ibn al-Akwa'! Will thou not swear allegiance?" He said, I said, I have already sworn allegiance, O Messenger of Allāh! He said, "And do it again." So I swore allegiance to him a second time. I (the reporter) said to him, O Abu Muslim! For what did you swear allegiance (to him) then? He said, For death.

(B. 56:110.)

11 Abd Allāh ibn Abū Aufā reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

And know that paradise is beneath the protection of the swords."

(B. 56:22.)

12 Abū Hurairah said, I heard the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say

"By Him in Whose hand is my soul, were it not that there are men among the believers who cannot bear to remain behind me--and I do not find that on which to carry them--I would not remain behind an army that fights in the way of Allāh; and by Him in Whose hand is my soul. I love that I should be killed in the way of Allāh then brought to life, then killed again then brought to life, then killed again then brought to life, then killed again."

(B. 56:7.)

13 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Whom do you count to be a martyr among you?"

They said, O Messenger of Allāh! Whoever is killed in the way of Allāh is a martyr. He said:

"In that case the martyrs of my community shall be very few--he who is killed in the way of Allāh is a martyr; he who dies a natural death in the way of Allāh is a martyr; he who dies of the plague (in the way of Allāh) is a martyr; he who dies of cholera (in the way of Allāh) is a martyr."

(M-Msh. 18.)

14 Anas said, On the day that battle was fought at Uhud, (some) people fled away from. the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him. He said, And I saw 'Ā'ishah, daughter of Abu Bakr and Umm Sulaim, and they had both tucked up their garments, so that I could see the anklets on their shanks, and they were carrying skins (full of water) on their backs, and they poured water into the mouths of the people then they went back and filled them again, then came and poured them into the mouths of the people.

(B. 56:65.)

15 Rubayyi' daughter of Mu'awwidh said, We used to be with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, (in his battles), giving drink to and tending the wounded, and removing the slain to Madīnah.

(B. 56:67)

16 'Abd Allāh reported, A woman was found among the killed in one of the battles of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, so the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, forbade the killing of women and children.'

(B. 56:147.)

17 Ibn 'Umar reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

'I have been commanded that I should fight these people till they bear witness that there is no god but Allāh and keep up prayer and pay zakāt. When they do this, their blood and their property shall be safe with me except as Islām requires, and their reckoning is with Allāh."

(B. 2:16.)

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