18. Pilgrimage (Hajj And 'Umrah)

1 Ibn 'Abbās reported, Al-Aqra' asked the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, O Messenger of Allāh! Is the pilgrimage to be performed every year or only once? He said:

"Only once; and whoever does it more than once, it is supererogatory."

(AD. 11:1.)

2 Ibn 'Abbās said, Fadzl was riding behind the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, when a woman of (the tribe of) Khath'am came.... and she said, O Messenger of Allāh! The ordinance regarding pilgrimage made obligatory by Allāh for His servants found my father a very old man unable to sit firmly on a riding camel, shall I perform a pilgrimage on his behalf? He said, "Yes". And this happened in the Farewell Pilgrimage.

(B. 25:1.)

3 Ibn 'Abbās said, The people of Yaman used to go to pilgrimage while they had no provisions with them and they said, We are those who trust (in Allāh). But when they came to Makkah they begged of people, so Allāh revealed: "And make provision, for the benefit of provision is the guarding oneself."

(B. 25:6.)

4 Ibn 'Umar said, The months of hajj are Shawwāl and Dhul-l-Qa'dah and (the first) ten days of Dhu-l-Hijjah. And Ibn 'Abbās said, It is the Sunnah that a man shall not enter the state of ihrām1 except in the months of pilgrimage.

(B. 25:34.)

5 Ibn 'Umar reported about the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, A man asked him, What should a man wear in the state of ihrām? He said:

"He shall not wear shirt, nor turban, nor trousers, nor head-gear, nor any cloth dyed with wars or saffron; and if he does not find shoes, let him wear leather stockings, and he should cut them off so that they may be lower than the ankles."

(B. 3:51)

6 Ibn 'Abbās said, One in a state of ihrām may smell sweet-smelling plants, and look in the looking-glass, and use medicines out of what he eats, (such as) olive oil and butter; and 'Atā' said, He can wear a ring and carry a purse; and Ibn 'Umar made circuits, while he was in a state of ihrām, and he had girdled his belly with a cloth; and 'Ā'ishah's opinion was that there was no harm in wearing knickerbockers.

(B. 25:18.)

7 Ibn 'Umar reported, He heard the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, forbidding women in a state of ihrām wearing gloves, and veil, and garments dyed with wars and saffron, and (saying) that they might wear besides this what they liked of garments coloured with safflower, or made of silk (or silk and wool), or ornaments, or trousers, or shirt.

(AD. 11:29.)

8 Abū Allāh said, 'I heard the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, uttering labbaika with glued hair.

(B. 25:19.)

9 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, appointed for the people of Madīnah Dhu-l-Hulaifah as the place where they should enter into the state of ihrām; for the people of Syria, Juhfah; for the people of Najd, Qarn al-Manāzil , and for the people of Yaman, Yalamlam. These are for them and for those who come upon them from other places, of those who have determined the performance of the hajj and 'umrah; and for him who is on the nearer side (of Makkah), the appointed place is from where he starts, so that for the people of Makkah it is Makkah.6

(B. 25:7.)

10 Ibn 'Umar reported, The uttering of labbaika by the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was thus:

"I am at Thy service, O Allāh! I am at Thy service. I am at Thy service; Thou hast no associate, I am at Thy service. Thine is the praise and Thine the favour and Thine the kingdom, Thou hast no associate."

(B. 25:26.)

11 Urwah said, 'Ā'ishah informed me that when the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, entered (Makkah on pilgrimage), the first thing that he did was that he performed ablutions, then he made circuits (round the Ka'bah),8 and there was no 'umrah.

(B. 25:62.)

12 Ibn Juraij reported, When Ibn Hishām forbade women making circuits along with men, 'Atā' said, How dost thou forbid them while the wives of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, made circuits along with men? I said, Was it after the (verses relating to) curtain (were revealed) or before (it)? He said, By my life! I found this after the curtain (orders). I said, How did men mix with them? He said, They did not mix with them; 'Ā'ishah used to make circuits remaining aside from the men, not mixing with them; ... but when they intended to go into the (Sacred) House, they stopped before entering (it) till the men were turned out.9

(B. 25: 61)

13 Ibn 'Abbās said,

The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, made circuits of the House riding on a camel, and every time that he came to the Corner, he made a sign with something which he had with him and said, Allāhu Akbar.

(B. 25:61.)

14 Ibn 'Umar reported, 'Umar said, speaking of the Corner (the Black Stone), I call Allāh to witness that I know that thou art a stone-thou canst not harm or profit; and if I had not seen the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, kissing thee, I would not have kissed thee, then he kissed it.

(B. 25:56)

15 Ibn 'Umar said, I have not given up the kissing of these two corners11, in difficulty and in ease, since I saw the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, kissing them both.

(B. 25:56.)

16 Ibn 'Abbās reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "The making of circumambulations round the House is like prayer except that you talk in it; and whoever talks in it, let him not talk anything but good,"

(Tr.-Msh. 11:3.)

17 'Ā'ishah said, 'We went out with nothing in view but hajj, and when we reached Sarif, I menstruated. The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, entered upon me and I was weeping. He said, "What is the matter with thee? Hast thou menstruated?" I said, Yes. He said:

"This is a matter that Allāh has ordained for the daughters of Adam, so do what the pilgrims do, except that thou shalt not make circuits round the House."

(B. 6:l.)

18 Ibn 'Umar reported, When the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, made circuits in the hajj and the 'umrah, on first coming (to Makkah), he started with three circuits at a fast pace, and made four circuits walking; then he said two rak'as of prayer; then he ran between the Safā and the Marwah.13

(B. 25:62 )

19 Jābir said, We came with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, we were not in a state of ihrām till the day of tarwiyah, and with Makkah to our back we uttered labbaika for the hajj.

(B. 25:81.)

20 Abd al-'Azīz said, I asked Anas, Inform me about something which thou hast known about the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, where did he say the Zuhr and the 'Asr prayers on the day of tarwiyah? He said, At Minā.

(B. 25:82.)

21 Sālim reported, Hajjāj ibn Yūsuf, in the year in which he attacked Ibn al-Zubair, asked 'Abd Allāh, How dost thou do in the halting-place on the day of 'Arafah? Sālim said, If thou wilt follow the Sunnah, say the prayer at an early hour on the day of 'Arafah. Then 'Abd Allāh ibn 'Umar said, He is right; they used to combine the Zuhr and 'Asr prayers according to Sunnah. (B. 25:88.)

22 Ibn 'Umar said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, combined the Maghrib and 'Ishā' prayers at Muzdalifah-the iqāma was called out for each one of them; and he did not say any supererogatory prayer between them, nor after any one of them.17

(B. 25:96.)

23 'Amr ibn Maimūn said, I was present with 'Umar; he said the morning prayer at Muzdalifah.

(B. 25:100.)

24 Ibn 'Umar said, In the Farewell pilgrimage the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, profited by combining the 'umrah with the hajj ....So he performed the tawāf when he came to Makkah; and the first thing that he did was that he kissed the Corner, then he ran in the first three circumambulations and walked in four; then when he had finished the tawāf of the House, he said two rak'ahs of prayer near the Standing-place (of Abraham), then he uttered taslīm; and when he had done this, he came to the Safā, and made tawāf of the Safā and the Marwah seven times; then nothing that was forbidden to him (in ihrām) became lawful to him until he completed his hajj, and sacrificed the animal on the day of Sacrifice,18 and he returned and performed the tawāf of the House;19 then everything that was forbidden to him (in ihrām) became lawful for him.

(B. 25:104.)

25 'Alī said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, appointed me, so I superintended the sacrifice of camels; and he ordered me so I distributed their flesh; then he ordered me and i distributed their coverings and their skins.

(B. 25:120.)

26 Jābir said, We used not to eat of the flesh of our sacrifices beyond the three days of Minā; then the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, gave us permission and said: "Eat and take it as a provision (for the journey)." So we ate and took it as a provision.21

(B. 25:124.)

27 'Abd Allāh said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and a party of his companions, had their heads shaven, and some of them had their hair clipped.22

(B. 25:127.)

28 Ibn 'Abbās reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to visit the House in the days of Minā.23

(B. 25:129.)

29 Jābir reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, threw stones in the forenoon on the day of Sacrifice, and after this he threw stones in the afternoon.24

(B. 25:134.)

30 Anas reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said the Zuhr and the 'Asr and the Maghrib and the 'Ishā' prayers, then slept a little at Muhassab; then he rode to the House and performed tawāf.25

(B. 25:144.)

31 Ibn 'Abbās reported,

Dhu-l-Majāz and 'Ukāz were markets for trade (during the pilgrimage) in the days of Ignorance. When Islām came, they (the Muslims) disliked this until it was revealed: "There is no blame on you if you seek bounty from your Lord", (that is to Say), at the time of pilgrimage.26

(B. 25:150.)

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