15. Burial Service

1 Ma'qil said, The Messenger Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

Recite the Sūrah Yāsīn before the dying among you."

(Ah-Msh. 5:3.)

2 Umm Salamah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"When you visit a sick person or a dead one, speak well (of him), for the angels say āmīna to what you say."

(M-Msh. 5:3.)

3 'Ā'ishah said, 'The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, kissed 'Uthmān ibn Maz'ūn while he was dead, and he wept, so that the tears of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, flowed over the face of 'Uthmān.

(M-Msh. 5:3.)

4 Anas said, Along with the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, we visited Abū Saif, the blacksmith, and he was Ibrāhīm's foster-father. The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, took Ibrāhīm (in his arms) and kissed him and smelt him. Then we visited him after this while Ibrāhīm was yielding up his spirit; so tears began to flow from the eyes of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, 'Abd al-Rahmān ibn 'Auf said to him, And thou too, O Messenger of Allāh? He said, "O Ibn 'Auf! That is compassion." Then he wept again and said:

"Surely the eye sheds tears and the heart grieves and we do not say but what the Lord is pleased with; and we, O Ibrāhīm! are full of grief on account of thy separation."3

(B. 23:41)

5 'Abd Allāh said, 'The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"He is not of us who slaps the cheeks and tears the garments and mourns like the mourning of the (days of) Ignorance."

(B. 23:35.)

6 'Umar said, 'Leave them (the women) alone, weeping over Abu Sulaimān, so long as there is not throwing of dust on heads or wailing.4

(B. 23:33.)

7 Anas said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"There is, from among the people, no Muslim who has three of his (children) dead before they have reached majority but Allāh will make him enter paradise by His gracious mercy on their account."

(B. 23:6.)

8 Umm 'Atiyyah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, came to us while we were washing (the body of) his daughter; so he said:

"Wash her thrice or five times or more than that with water having (leaves of) the lote tree ( boiled in it), and the last time put in camphor; and when you have finished, inform me." So when we had finished we informed him, and he threw towards us his waist-wrapper and said "Put it next to her body."

(B. 23:9.)

9 'Ā'ishah reported,

The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was shrouded in three pieces of white washed cotton cloth,5 made in Yaman; there was neither shirt in them nor turban.

(B. 23:18.)

10 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Whoever stays with a bier until he joins the burial service over it, he has one portion; and whoever remains present till the body is buried, he has two portions."

(B. 23:58.)

11 Barā ibn 'Āzib said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, commanded us....to follow biers (to their last resting-place), to visit the sick person, to accept (the invitation of) one who invites (to a dinner), to help the oppressed one, to execute the oath, to return the salutation, and to utter a prayer for the sneezer.6

(B. 23:2.)

12 'Āmir reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"When one of you sees a bier then, if he does not accompany it, he should stand until he leaves the bier behind or the bier leaves him behind, or it is put down before it leaves him behind."

(B. 23:47.)

13 Jābir said,

A bier passed by us and the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, stood up for it, and we (also) stood up. Then we said, O Messenger of Allāh! it is the bier of a Jew. He said:

"When you see a bier, stand up."

(B. 23:49.)

14 Abū Hurairah reported, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, gave the news of the death of the Negus on the day on which he died. He went forth to the place of prayer and made the people stand in ranks and uttered four takbīrs.

(B. 23:4)

15 Umm 'Atiyyah said, We were forbidden to follow biers, and it was not a decisive prohibition.

(B. 23:29)

16 Al-Mughīrah reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"The rider shall go behind the bier; and he who walks on foot may go behind it and before it and on its right and on its left, remaining near to it."

(AD-Msh. 5:5.)

17 Ibn 'Abbās reported, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, came to a grave apart from other graves, so he arranged the people into ranks and pronounced four takbīrs.10

(B. 23:54.)

18 The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Whoever prays on the bier"............He called it salāt (prayer), and there is no rukū' in it, nor sajdah; and no one should talk during the service; and there is in it takbīr and taslīm; and Ibn 'Umar would not pray (on the bier) unless he had performed the wudzū'.

(B. 23:56.)

19 Samurah reported, A woman died in childbirth, and the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, held a burial service over her, and stood opposite the middle (of the bier)."

(B. 6:29.)

20 Talhah said, I prayed on a bier behind Ibn 'Abbās, and he recited the Fātihah and said, (I have done this) so that you may know that it is the Sunnah.

(B. 23:65.)

21 Abu Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"When you pray over the dead one, be sincere in your prayer for him."

(AD-Msh. 5:5.)

22 Abel Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to say when he held a burial service over a bier:

"O Allāh! Forgive our living ones and our dead ones, and those of us who are present and those who are absent, and our young ones and our old ones, and our males and our females. O Allāh! Whom Thou keepest living among us cause him to live in submission to Thee, and whom Thou causest to die from among us make him die in faith. O Allāh! Do not deprive us of his reward, and do not make us fall into a trial after him."

(AD-Msh. 5:5.)

23 Hasan said, The Fātihah should be recited over the child and then one should say, O Allāh! Make him for us a cause of recompense in the world to come and as one going before and a reward.

(B. 23:65.)

24 Abū Hurairah said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Whoever strangles himself strangles himself into fire, and whoever stabs himself with a spear stabs himself into fire."

(B. 23:81)

25 Jābir said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, gathered together in one cloth two men out of those who were killed in (the battle of) Uhud. Then he asked, "Which of them knew more of the Qur'ān"? When one of them was pointed out to him, he gave him precedence in the lahd, and said, "I shall be a witness of these on the Day of Resurrection". And he commanded that they should be buried with their blood (on them) and they were not washed, nor was a burial service held over them."

(B. 23:72.)

26 Ibn 'Umar reported, When the dead body was placed in the grave, the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to say:

"In the name of Allāh and with Allāh and according to the religion of the Messenger of Allāh."

(Ah-Msh, 5:6.)

27 Muhammad reported without tracing it up to the Holy Prophet, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, threw on the dead body (at its burial) three handfuls of dust with both his hands, and he caused water to be sprinkled on the grave of his son Ibrāhīm, and placed pebbles on it.

(Msh. 5:6.)

28 Sufyān, the date-seller, reported:

He saw the grave of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, gibbous-shaped.'17

(B. 23: 96.)

29 Jābir said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, forbade the plastering of the grave, and the construction of a building on it, and sitting on it.18

(M-Msh. 5:6.)

30 'Ā'ishah, wife of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, reported:

When a person of her family died and the women gathered together over it, then they dispersed, except the family of the dead and those closely related to him, she used to order a cooking-pot of talbīnah which was cooked, then tharīd was made and the talbīnah was cast over it then she would say, Eat of it, for I heard the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, say "The talbīnah gives rest to the heart of the sick one and takes away some of the grief."'19

(B. 70:24.)

31 'Ā'ishah said, 'When the news came to the Prophet, of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, that Ibn Hārithah and Ja'far and Ibn Rawāhah were killed, he sat (in the mosque), and grief could be seen in his face, and I saw (him) through the opening at the pivot of the door.20

(B. 23:40.)

32 'Ā'ishah said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:

"Do not abuse the dead, for they have gone on to what they sent before."21

(B. 23:97.)

33 'Ā'ishah reported, A man said to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, My mother died a sudden death, and I am sure that if she had been able to speak she would have given in charity; will she have a reward if I give in charity on her behalf? He said "Yes".

(B. 23:94.)

34 It is reported on the authority of Sa'd ibn 'Ubādah that His mother died while he was absent. So he said, O Messenger of Allāh! My mother died while I was absent; will it benefit her if I give in charity on her behalf? He said, "Yes". He said, Then I make thee a witness that my orchard Mikhrāf is a charity on her behalf.

(B. 55:15.)

35 Buraidah said,

The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to teach them (to say), when they went forth to the graves:

"Peace be with you, Dwellers of this abode! from among the faithful and the Muslims; and we, if it please Allāh, will join you; we ask of Allāh security for ourselves and for you."

(M-Msh. 5:8.)

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