12. 'Id (Eid) Service

1 Ibn 'Umar reported that, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, mentioned Ramadzān and said: "Do not keep the fast until you see the new moon, and do not discontinue the keeping of fast until you see it (again), and if it be veiled to you (by cloud, etc.), have it measured." (B. 30:11.)

2 Ibn 'Umar reported that, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "The month is (sometimes) twenty-nine nights, so do not keep the fast until you see (the new moon), and if it be veiled to you (by cloud, etc.), then complete the number thirty." (B. 30:11)

3 Abū Sa'īd said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to go forth on the day of the Fitr and the Adzhā to the Musallā; so the first thing that he did was the saying of prayer; then he turned and stood facing the people while the people were sitting in their rows, and he admonished them and gave them injunctions and commands; then if he intended to raise an army, he gave the orders for it, or if he intended to command any (other) thing, he commanded it; then he returned.2 (B. 13:6.)

4 Ibn 'Abbās reported that, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said two rak'ahs of prayer on the day of the Fitr, and he did not say any prayer before it, nor after it; then he came to the women and with him was Bilāl, and he commanded them to give charity; so they began to throw away (their ornaments),--a woman gave away her ear-ring and her necklace. (B. 13:8)

5 Jābir ibn Samurah said, I said both the 'Īd prayers with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, not once or twice, without adhān and without iqāmah. (M-Msh. 4:47.)

6 Kathīr reported on the authority of his grandfather that, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, uttered takbīrs in both 'Īd services seven times in the first (rak'ah) before the recitation (of the Fātihah), and five times in the second (rak'ah) before recitation.' (Tr-Msh. 4:47.)

7 Umm 'Atiyyah said, We (women) were commanded to go forth on the day of 'Īd, in so far as to make a virgin leave her curtain and to require (even) menstruating women to turn out; and they (the women) were behind the men, and they uttered the takbīr, along with their takbīr, and they made their supplications along with their supplications, hoping for the blessings of that day and its purification. (B. 13:12 )

8 Anas ordered his slave Ibn Abū 'Utbah at Zāwiya, so he gathered together the people of his household and his sons, and held prayer service just as the residents of the towns hold prayer service and utter takbīrs. (B. 13:25)

9 Anas said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, did not go out on the morning of the day of the Fitr till he had eaten some dates. (B. 13:4.)

10 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to take a bath on the day of the Fitr and the day of the Adzhā. (IM. 5:166)

11 It is reported on the authority of 'Abd Allāh ibn Busr that, He went forth with the people on the day of the Fitr or the Adzhā, and disapproved of the delay of the imām and said, We used to have finished by this time; and it was the time of the prayer after sunrise.(IM. 5:170)

12 Jābir said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to change the route on the day of the 'Īd. (B. 13:24.)

13 Barā' said, I heard the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, delivering a sermon, so he said "The first thing that we do on this day of ours is that we say prayers, then we go back and sacrifice (an animal); so whoever does (this) abides by our sunnah." (B. 13:3.)

14 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "Whoever has the means but does not sacrifice (an animal), let him not come to our place of prayer." (Ah. II, 321.)

15 Jābir said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "Do not slaughter but a musinnah, unless it is difficult for you (to get it); in that case, slaughter a jadha'ah from among the sheep. (M-Msh. 4:48.)

16 Barā ibn 'Āzib reported that, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was asked as to what sacrifices should be avoided. He pointed out with his hand and said: "Four: The lame one whose limping is manifest and the blind of one eye whose disfigurement is manifest, and the diseased one whose disease is manifest, and the emaciated one which has no marrow left in its bones." (AD-Msh. 4:48.)

17 Jābir reported that, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said, "(Sacrifice of)18 a cow (suffices) for seven, (persons) and that of a camel for seven (persons). (M-Msh. 4:48.)

18 Ibn 'Umar said, Al-Adzhā 'lasts two days after the day of Adzhā. (M-Msh. 4:48.)

19 Ibn 'Umar said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, made the charity of the Fitr-one sā' of dates or one sā' of barley -obligatory on every slave and free man, male and female, minor and major, from among Muslims, and ordered that it should be paid before people go out for ('Īd) prayer." (13. 24. 70.)

20 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, appointed me to guard the charity of Ramadzān.15 (B. 40:10)

21 Ibn 'Umar said, Two 'Īds occurred together16 in the time of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, So he performed the ('Īd) prayer with the people, then said: "Whoever desires to come to the Friday service, he may come; and whoever desires to remain absent, he may remain absent." (I M. 5:166.)

22 'Ā'ishah reported that, 'Abū Bakr paid her a visit in the days of Minā, and with her were two girls playing on a tambourine and beating (it), and the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, covered himself up with his cloth. Abu Bakr upbraided them, but the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, uncovered his face and said: "Leave them alone, O Abū Bakr! for these are the days of 'Īd." (B. 13:25.)

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