10. Prayer Service

1 Ibn 'Umar said, I prayed with the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, when staying at home and when journeying; so he said the Zuhr prayer, when staying at home, four rak'ahs and after it two rak'ahs and he said the 'Asr prayer four rak'ahs and there was nothing after it, and he said the Maghrib prayer three rak'ahs and after it two rak'ahs and he said the 'Ishā' prayer four rak'ahs; and he said the Zuhr prayer, when journeying, two rak'ahs and after it two rak'ahs, and the 'Asr two rak'ahs and there was nothing after it, and the Maghrib three rak'ahs and after it two rak'ahs, and the 'Ishā' two rak'ahs and after it two rak'ahs. (Ah. 11, 90.)

2 'Ā'ishah reported that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, never omitted saying four rak'ahs before Zuhr and two rak'ahs before Fajr. (B. 19:34.)

3 Abū Hurairah reported that A man entered the mosque, and the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, sitting in a corner of the mosque; ... he said, Teach me, O Messenger of Allāh! He said:

"When thou risest for the prayer, then perform the ablution in a right manner, then turn thy face towards the Qiblah, then say Allāhu Akbar, then recite what thou canst afford of the Qur'ān, then bow down until thou art at rest in bowing down (rukū'), then raise thyself up until thou art firm in the standing posture, then fall down in prostration until thou art at rest in prostration, then raise thyself up until thou art at rest in sitting, then fall down in prostration until thou art at rest in prostration, then raise thyself up until thou art at rest in sitting; and, according to one report, then raise thyself up until thou art firm in the standing posture; then do this in the whole of thy prayer." (B. & M-Msh. 4:10.)

4 Abū Humaid al-Sā'idī said, I best guard the prayer of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him. When he said Allāhu Akbar I saw him raise his hands to his shoulders; and When he performed the rukū', he firmly held his two knees with his two hands, and he bent his back (levelling it with his head); then when he raised his head, he stood erect until every bone of the spine returned to its regular place; and when he performed the sajdah, he laid his forearms (on the ground), not spreading them out as a bed, nor contracting them (to his sides), and he made the tips of the toes of his two feet face towards the Qiblah; and when he sat after (finishing) two rak'ahs, he sat on his left foot and made the right one stand erect; and when he sat after the last rak'ah, he brought forward his left foot and made the other stand erect, and sat on his sitting-place. (B. 10:145.)

5 Sahl ibn Sa'd said, Order was given to the people that in prayer a man should place his right hand on his left forearm. (B. 10:87.)

6 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was commanded that he should perform sajdah on seven members of the body, the forehead, the two hands, the two knees and the two feet, and that. he should not arrange hair nor garments (while praying). (B. 10:131)

7 Ibn 'Umar said, When the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, sat in tashahhud8, he used to place his left hand on his left knee and his right hand on his right knee.9 (M-Msh. 4:15.)

8 Anas reported on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, (who said): "When a person is drowsy in his payers, let him go to sleep until he knows what he recites." (B. 4:51)

9 Abu Hurairah said, When the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, got up for prayer, he used to say Allāhu Akbar when he assumed qiyām; then he said Allāhu Akbar when he bowed down for rukū'; then he said, "Allāh listens to him who praises Him", when he raised his back from rukū'; then he said while he was standing, "Our Lord, Thine is the praise then he said Allāhu Akbar when he fell down (In sajdah); then he said Allāhu Akbar when he raised his head; then he said Allāhu Akbar when he performed the (second) sajdah; then he said Allāhu Akbar when he raised his head; then he did this in the whole of his prayer until he finished it, and he said Allāhu Akbar when he rose from the sitting posture after two (rak'ahs).

10 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to remain silent between the (opening) takbīr and the recital (of the Qur'ān)--I think, he said--a little. I said, May my father and my mother be thy sacrifice, O Messenger of Allāh! thy silence between the takbīr and the recital, what sayest thou (in that interval)? He said, "I say: 'O Allāh! Keep faults as distant from me as the east is distant from the west; O Allāh! cleanse me of all faults as a white cloth is cleansed of dirt; O Allāh! wash away my faults with water and snow and hail." (B. 10:89.)

11 'Ā'ishah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to say, when he opened the prayer: "Glory to Thee, O Allāh! and Thine is the praise, and blessed is Thy name and exalted is Thy majesty and there is none to be served besides Thee" (AD-Msh. 4:11.)

12 Anas reported that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and Abu Bakr and 'Umar used to open the prayer with al-hamdu lillāhi Rabbi-l-'ālamīn.

13 'Ubādah reported that 'The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "There is no prayer for him who does not recite the Opening (chapter) of the Book." (B. 10:95.)

14 Abu Mūsā said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "When you pray, set right your ranks; then one of you should act as your imām, so when he says the takbīr, say the takbīr, and when he says ghairi-l-maghdzūb-i 'alai-him wa la-dzzāllīn, say āmīna, Allāh will accept your prayer. (M-Msh. 4:12.)

15 Abū Qatādah reported that The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to recite Umm al-Kitāb (the Fātihah) and along with it another sūrah in the first two rak'ahs of Zuhr and 'Asr prayers, and now and then he made us hear a verse, and he used to lengthen (recital) in the first rak'ah. (B. 10:109.)

16 Abū Rāfi' said, I said with Abu Hurairah the 'Ishā' prayer, and he recited Idha-l-samā' u-nshaqqat, and performed sajdah. I enquired from him, and he said, I performed the sajdah behind Abu-l-Qāsim, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and I will continue to perform the sajdah in it until I meet him. (B. 10:100.)

17 'Ā'ishah said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to say in his rukū' and in his sajdah: "Glory to Thee, O Allāh, our Lord! And Thine is the praise; grant me protection, O Allāh!" (B. 10:121)

18 Hudhaifah reported that He prayed with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and he (the Prophet) used to say in his rukū', 'Glory to my Lord, the Great', and in his sajdah, 'Glory to my Lord, the Most High', and he did not recite any verse speaking of Divine mercy but he paused and asked (for mercy), and he did not recite any verse speaking of Divine punishment but he paused and sought refuge (in Allāh). (Tr-Msh. 4:13.)

19 Rifā'ah said, We were one day praying behind the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, So when he raised his head from rukū' (and) said, 'Allāh listens to him who praises Him," a man behind him said, Our Lord! And Thine is the praise, abundant praise, most excellent, blessed therein. When he finished (the prayer), he said, "Who uttered (the words)?" The man said, I. He said, I saw over thirty angels hastening who should write them first." (B. 10:126.)

20 Abū Hurairah said, O And when the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, raised his head saying, "Allāh listens to him who praises Him, our Lord! and Thine is the praise" he used to pray for some people mentioning them by name and said: "O Allāh! Deliver Walīd ibn al-Walīd and Salamah ibn Hishām, and 'Ayyāsh ibn Abī Rabī'ah and the weak from among the believers; O Allāh! make severe Thy hold on Mudzar and make these to them years (of draught) like the years of Joseph" (B. 10:128.)

21 Abū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said, "The nearest that the servant is to his Lord is when he is in sajdah so make most petitions (in sajdah)." (M-Msh. 4:14.)

22 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to say between the two sajdahs: "O Allāh! Forgive me and have mercy on me and guide me and grant me security and grant me sustenance." (AD-Msh. 4:14.)

23 'Abd Allāh said, 'When we said our prayers with the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, we said, Peace be on Allāh from His servants....; so the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said to us:

"Do not say, Peace be on Allāh, for Allāh is the Author of peace; but say, 'All services rendered by words and bodily actions and sacrifice of wealth are due to Allāh. Peace be to Thee, O Prophet! and the mercy of Allāh and His blessings. Peace be to us and the righteous servants of Allāh,'--for when you say this, it reaches every servant (Of Allāh) in heaven and in earth--'I bear witness that none deserves to be worshipped but Allāh, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.' Then one should choose any petition which he likes most and pray (to Allāh). (B. 10:150.)

24 Abd Allāh ibn Mas'ūd said, I was saying prayers, and the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was present and Abu Bakr and 'Umar were with him. When I assumed the sitting posture, I began with extolling Allāh, then I repeated salā on the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, then I prayed for myself." The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said, "Ask (and) thou wilt be given, ask (and) thou wilt be given." (Tr-Msh. 4:16.)

25 'Abd al-Rahmān said, We' said, O Messenger of Allāh! How should we offer you salā? ........ He said, "Say: 'O Allāh! Exalt Muhammad and the true followers of Muhammad as Thou didst exalt Abraham and the true followers of Abraham, for Thou are Praised, Magnified. O Allāh! Bless Muhammad and the true followers of Muhammad as Thou didst bless Abraham and the true followers of Abraham, for Thou are Praised, Magnified." (B. & M.-Msh. 4:16.)

26 'Ā'ishah reported that The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to say in his prayers: "O Allāh! I seek refuge in Thee from the punishment of the grave,26 and I seek refuge in Thee from the tribulation of al-Masīh al-Dajjāl (the Anti-Christ), and I seek refuge in Thee from the trials of life and the trials of death; O Allāh! I seek refuge in Thee from sins and from being in debt." (B. 10:149.)

27 'Abd Allāh said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to utter taslīm on his right hand side, "Peace be on you and the mercy of Allāh", until the white of his right cheek could be seen, and on his left, "Peace be on you and the mercy of Allāh", until the white of his left cheek could be seen. (AD-Msh. 4:17.)

28 Ibn 'Abbās reported that The raising of voices with dhikr when the people turned away from the obligatory prayer was the practice in the time of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him. (B. 10:155.)

29 Thaubān said, When the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, turned back from his prayer, he used to resort to istighfār thrice, and said: "O Allāh! Thou art the Author of peace and from Thee is peace, Blessed art Thou, O Lord of Glory and Honour." (M-Msh. 4:18.)

30 Abd Allāh ibn Buhainah ...... said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, led them in the Zuhr (prayer), and he stood up after the first two raka'ahs and did not sit, and the people stood up with him. When he finished the prayer and the people waited for taslīm, he uttered the takbīr while sitting and performed two sajdahs before he pronounced the taslīm, then he pronounced the taslīm. (B. 10:146)

31 Abū Sa'īd said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "When one of you has a doubt about his prayer and he does not know how many rak'ahs he has said, whether three or four, let him dismiss the doubt and proceed on what he is certain, then let him perform two sajdahs before he pronounces the taslīm." (M-Msh 4:20.)

32 Hafs ibn 'Āsim said, I asked Ibn 'Umar. He said, I have been in the company of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and I never saw him saying the sunnah while journeying. (B. 18:10)

33 Ibn 'Abbās said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, stayed for nineteen days shortening the prayer, so when we were in journey for nineteen days we shortened, and when it was above that we completed (the prayer). (B. 18:l.)

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