1. How Divine Revelation Came to the Holy Prophet
Symbols of Islam
1. 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, say:
"Actions shall be judged only by intention, and a man shall have what he intends; so whoever flies from his home for the sake of Allah and His Messenger, his flight shall be accounted for the sake of Allah and His Messenger, and whoever flies from his home for the sake of worldly gain which he aims to attain or a woman whom he wants to marry, his flight shall be accounted for that for which he flies." (B. 83:23; 1:1).
2. 'Ā'ishah said: The first revelation that was granted to the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was the true dream in a state of sleep, so that he never dreamed a dream but the truth of it shone forth like the dawn of the morning. Then solitude became dear to him and he used to seclude himself in the cave of Hira', and therein he devoted himself to Divine worship for several nights before he came back to his family and took provisions for this (retirement); then he would return to Khadijah and take (more) provisions for a similar (period), until the Truth came to him while he was in the cave of Hira'; so the angel (Gabriel) came to him and said, Read.
He (the Prophet) said, "I said I am not one who can read." And he continued: "Then he (the angel) took hold of me and he pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more, and then he let me go and said, Read. I said, I am not one who can read. Then he took hold of me and pressed me a second time so hard that I could not bear it any more, then he let me go again and said, Read. I said, "I am not one who can read."
(The Prophet) continued: "Then he took hold of me and pressed me hard for a third time, then he let me go and said, 'Read in the name of thy Lord Who created--He created man from a clot--Read and thy Lord is most Honourable.'" The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, returned with this (message) while his heart trembled and he came to Khadijah, daughter of Khuwailid, and said, "Wrap me up, wrap me up," and she wrapped him up until the awe left him.
Then he said to Khadijah, while he related to her what had happened: "I fear for myself." Khadijah said, Nay, By Allah, Allah will never bring thee to disgrace, for thou unitest the ties of relationship and bearest the burden of the weak and earnest for the destitute and honourest the guest and helpest in real distress. Then Khadijah went with him until she brought him to Waraqah ibn Naufal ibn Asad ibn 'Abd al-'Uzza, Khadijah's uncle's son, and he was a man who had become a Christian in the time of Ignorance, and he used to write the Hebrew script, and he wrote from the Gospel in Hebrew what it pleased Allah that he should write, and he was a very old man who had turned blind.
Khadijah said to him, O uncle's son! Listen to thy brother's son. Waraqah said to him, My brother's son! What hast thou seen? So the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, related to him what he had seen. Waraqah said to him, This is the angel Gabriel whom Allah sent to Moses; would that I were a young man at this time-would that I were alive when thy people would expel thee! The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said, Would they expel me? He said, Yes; never has a man appeared with the like of that which thou hast brought but he has been held in enmity; and if thy time finds me (alive) I shall help thee with the fullest help.
After that not much time had passed that Waraqah died, and the revelation broke off temporarily. (B. 1:1)
3. Jābir said, speaking of the temporary break in the revelation, (The Holy Prophet) said in his narrative: "Whilst I was walking along, I heard a voice from heaven and I raised up my eyes, and lo! the Angel that had appeared to me in Hirā' was sitting on a throne between heaven and earth and I was struck with awe on account of him and returned (home) and said, Wrap me up, wrap me up.
Then Allāh revealed: 'O thou who art clothed! Arise and warn, And thy Lord do magnify, And thy garments do purify, And uncleanness do shun'." Then revelation became brisk and came in succession. (B. 1:1)
4. Ibn 'Abbās... said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, used to exert himself hard in receiving Divine revelation and would on this account move his lips. ...so Allah revealed:
"Move not thy tongue with it to make haste with it. Surely on Us devolves the collecting of it and the reciting of it." (75:16, 17.) ...
So after this when Gabriel came to him the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, would listen attentively, and when Gabriel departed, the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, recited as he (Gabriel) recited it. (B. 1:1)
5. 'Ā'ishah reported that Hārith ibn Hishām asked the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, O Messenger of Allāh! How does revelation come to thee? The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:
"Sometimes it comes to me like the ringing of a bell and that is the hardest on me, then he departs from me and I retain in memory from him what he says; and sometimes the Angel comes to me in the likeness of a man and speaks to me and I retain in memory what he says."
Ā'ishah said, And I saw him when revelation came down upon him on a severely cold day, then it departed from him and his forehead dripped with sweat. (B. 1:1)
6. Zaid ibn Thābit said, Allāh sent down revelation on His Messenger, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, and his thigh was upon my thigh and it began to make its weight felt to me so much so that I feared that my thigh might be crushed. (B. 8:12)
7. Safwān ibn Ya'lā reported that Ya'lā said to 'Umar, Show me the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, when revelation is sent down to him. So when the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was in Ji'rānah20 and with him a number of his companions. ...revelation came to him. Thereupon 'Umar made a sign to Ya'lā; so Ya'lā came and over the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was a garment with which he was covered and he entered his head under the garment), when (he saw that) the face of the Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, was red and he was snoring;21 then that condition departed from him. (B. 25:17.)
8. 'Ubādah ibn al-Sāmit said, The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, felt, when the revelation was sent down upon him, like one in grief and a change came over his face.
And according to one report: He hung down his head, and his companions also hung down their heads, and when that state was over, he raised his head. (M-Msh. 27:5)
Recommended for You
More on Islam
More Religious Beliefs
World Religions - Main pages