Fast Facts on Islam

adherents 1.3 billion
adherents are called Muslims
size rank 2nd
original language Arabic
religious law Sharia
name means submission
sacred text Qur'an (Koran)
other texts Hadith
texts Qur'an (Scripture); Hadith (tradition)
date founded 622 CE
early expansion within 12 years, entire Arabian peninsula; within 100 years, Muslim world stretched from the Atlantic to China
founder(s) Muhammad (born c.570), a trade merchant from Arabia
origins Based on teachings of the Prophet Muhammad; founded 622 CE in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
major splits Shia-Sunni (c. 650 CE)
afterlife Resurrection of body and soul followed by Paradise or Hell
bad afterlife eternal hell
good afterlife eternal paradise
authority after Scripture Hadith
god(s) One God (Allah in Arabic); the same God revealed (imperfectly) in the Jewish and Christian Bibles
human nature born with equal ability to do good or evil
Jesus was True prophet sent by God, but message corrupted and superseded by Muhammad.
birth of Jesus virgin birth
death of Jesus did not die; ascended into heaven during crucifixion
divinity of Jesus no
Jesus' purpose Bring messages from God.
resurrection of Jesus no
future return of Jesus affirmed
human life Humans must submit (islam) to the will of God to gain Paradise after death.
revelation method(s) earlier prophets (message corrupted); Prophet Muhammad as recorded perfectly in Qur'an
revered humans prophets, imams
God's role in salvation predestination
salvation method(s) correct belief, good deeds, Five Pillars of Islam
view of sacred text literal word of God, inerrant in original languages
type of theism strict monotheim
view of Christianity respected as fellow "People of the Book" but have wrong beliefs and only partial, corrupted revelation
view of Judaism respected as fellow "People of the Book" but have wrong beliefs and only partial, corrupted revelation
homosexual orientation Not generally condemned.
homosexual activity Sinful and punishable under Islamic law.
practices Five Pillars: Faith, Prayer, Alms, Pilgrimage, Fasting. Mosque services on Fridays. Ablutions before prayer. No alcohol or pork. Holidays related to the pilgrimage and fast of Ramadan.
main day of worship Friday
house of worship mosque