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Fast Facts on Islam

Islamic statistics, history, beliefs and practices at a glance.

Names

Islam; Islamic; Islamism; Mohammedan; Mohammedanism; Moslem; Muhammadanism; Muslim; Muslimism; Mussulmanism; mahométanisme; islamisme; Religion Mahométane; mahométisme; islamismo

Etymology

Arabic, "submission"

Adherents

1.6 billion

History

Based on teachings of the Prophet Muhammad; founded 622 CE in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

Branches

Sunni, Shi'a, Sufism

Beliefs

One God (Allah in Arabic); the same God revealed (imperfectly) in the Jewish and Christian Bibles

Practices

Five Pillars: Faith, Prayer, Alms, Pilgrimage, Fasting. Mosque services on Fridays. Ablutions before prayer. No alcohol or pork. Holidays related to the pilgrimage and fast of Ramadan.

Main Holidays

Al-Hijra, Ramadan, 'Id Al-Fitr

Texts

Qur'an (sacred text); Hadith (tradition)

Symbols

Star and crescent; name of Allah in Arabic; color green; mosque silhouette.

Article Info

Title Fast Facts on Islam
URL www.religionfacts.com/islam/facts
Short URLrlft.co/3522
Published
UpdatedNovember 21, 2016
MLA Citation“Fast Facts on Islam.” ReligionFacts.com. 21 Nov. 2016. Web. Accessed 5 Dec. 2016. <www.religionfacts.com/islam/facts>

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