Islam and Zoroastrianism



Similarities and Differences

Islam is the second largest religion in the world after Christianity. As a monotheistic faith that originated in the Middle East, Islam holds many beliefs and practices in common with Judaism and Christianity.

One monotheistic religion that predated all these religions is Zoroastrianism. Founder by Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra), Zoroastrianism arose in Persia and was the state religion of Persia until the 7th century CE when it was replaced by Islam.

As a brief guide of the similarities and differences of Islam, Judaism and Christianity, the following chart compares the statistics, origins, history and religious beliefs of these three great monotheistic faiths. Please note that, as with all charts of this kind, information is generalized and should not be used as the only basis of information.


Comparison of Statistics, Beliefs, and Practices


 
Islam
(main page)
Zoroastrianism
(main page)
Basics
adherents called
Muslims
Zoroastrians, Parsis, or Parsees
current adherents
1.3 billion
150-200,000
major concentration
Middle East, Southeast Asia
India, Iran
sacred text Avesta
History
date founded
622 CE
c.6th cent. BC
place founded
Saudi Arabia
Ancient Persia
founder
Zarathustra (Zoroaster)
Beliefs
type of theism
strict monotheism
monotheism
ultimate reality
one God
one God, dualism
names of God Allah (Arabic for God) Ahura Mazda
other spiritual beings
angels, demons, jinn
angels and demons
revered humans
prophets, imams (especially in Shia)
Zarathustra (Zoroaster)
means of salvation
correct belief, good deeds, Five Pillars
good works
God's role in salvation
predestination
God allows free choice
good afterlife
eternal paradise
heaven
bad afterlife
eternal hell
hell
Symbols
 
See

Symbols in Islam


See

Symbols in Zoroastrianism


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Islam, Judaism, Christianity


Comparison Chart:
Islam and Zoroastrianism


Comparison Chart:
Sunni and Shia Muslims


Islam facts

Islam history

Islam holidays

Islam symbols

 



Buddhism beliefs

Chinese religious beliefs

Christian beliefs

Hindu beliefs

Jehovah's Witnesses beliefs

Jewish beliefs

Mormon beliefs

Taoism beliefs



Buddhism

Chinese Religion

Christianity

Confucianism

Hinduism

Jehovah's Witnesses

Judaism

Mormonism





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