Islam and Zoroastrianism


Islam is the second largest religion in the world after Christianity. As a monotheistic faith that originated in the Middle East, Islam holds many beliefs and practices in common with Judaism and Christianity.

One monotheistic religion that predated all these religions is Zoroastrianism. Founder by Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra), Zorastrianism arose in Persia and was the state religion of Persia until the 7th century CE when it was replaced by Islam.

As a brief guide of the similarities and differences of Islam, Judaism and Christianity, the following chart compares the statistics, origins, history and religious beliefs of these three great monotheistic faiths. Please note that, as with all charts of this kind, information is generalized and should not be used as the only basis of information.





Comparison of Statistics and Basics


 
Islam
Zoroastrianism
adherents called
Muslims
 
current adherents
1.3 billion
 
current size rank
2nd largest
 
major concentration
Middle East, Southeast Asia
 
sacred text
Qur'an (Koran)
 
other written authority
Hadith
 
religious law
Sharia
 
clergy
imams, muezzins
 
house of worship
mosque
 
main day of worship
Friday
 
church and state
integrated
 

Comparison of Origins and History


 
Islam
Zoroastrianism
date founded
622 CE
 
place founded
Saudi Arabia
 
founder
Muhammad
 
original language(s)
Arabic
 
early expansion
within 12 years, entire Arabian peninsula; within 100 years, Muslim world stretched from the Atlantic to China
 
use of war in expanding religion
frequent
 
major splits
Shia/Sunni, c. 650 CE
 

Comparison of Religious Beliefs


 
Islam
Zoroastrianism
type of theism
strict monotheism
 
ultimate reality
one God
 
names of God
Allah (Arabic for God)
 
other spiritual beings
angels, demons, jinn
 
revered humans
prophets, imams (especially in Shia)
 
divine revelation
through Muhammad, recorded in Qur'an
 
view of sacred text
inspired, literal word of God, inerrant in original languages
 
human nature
equal ability to do good or evil
 
means of salvation
correct belief, good deeds, Five Pillars
 
God's role in salvation
predestination
 
good afterlife
eternal paradise
 
bad afterlife
eternal hell
 


comparison chart Islam vs. Zoroastrianism, compare differences between Muslims and Zoroastrians