Cube-shaped monument in Mecca containing a sacred black stone. All Muslim prayer faces the direction (qibla) of the Ka'ba.
(kafara, "conceal; be ungrateful") One who does not believe in Allah, or in the content of the Qur'an, or in the prophetic status of Muhammad. Unbelief (kufr) is fundamental opposition to God and Islam, and is punished eternally in hell.
Young women who carried baskets or vessels (kana) of objects needed for the sacrificial ceremony in processions. They were required to be from a good family, unmarried, and chaste. They were dressed splendidly, their hair and garments were decked with gold and jewels, they were powdered with while barley-flour and wore a chain of figs.
("action" or "deed"). Impact of previous deeds (usually in former lives) on one's current circumstances.
Path of works. One of three paths to moksa.
(also Cer). An impersonal spirit of evil and destructiveness. Usually spoken of in the plural (Keres), and originally used in relation to destiny or in reference to the spirits of the dead. In post-Homeric usage, they pollute like the Harpies and are associated with disease, old age, death, and troubles in general.
(Greek, "preaching".) Term coined by Rudolf Bultmann to indicate the essential message (or gospel) of the New Testament church.
One who gives the khutbah (Friday sermon). The position is appointed by the government in most countries.
Sermon delivered on Fridays and special occasions.
A white linen robe worn by Jewish men on special occasions to signify purity, holiness and new beginnings.
("snake"). The spiritual force in every human being that lies at the base of the spine, coiled like a snake. It is also called "serpent power." Once awakened through yoga and meditation, it rises through the chakras, producing spiritual knowledge and mystical powers.