Just the facts on religion.

Glossary of Religion

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Jain Prateek Chihna
Official symbol of Jainism.
jati
Caste. The Indian caste system determines social status based on birth and lineage, and is generally not alterable. Its importance has declined somewhat in urban areas, but is still important in marriage.
Jesus
The central figure of Christianity, considered by most believers and scholars to be a historical figure who was a Jewish teacher and miracle-worker in the Roman province of Palestine around 30 CE. Christians further believe Jesus was the Son of God who died for the sins of humankind and came back from the dead three days after his execution.
jiao
"teaching" or "religion." Generally refers to a religion, but the word only acquired this meaning around 1900 and does not always mean "religion." The original and literal meaning is "teaching."
jihad
("striving"). Holy war; the defense of Islam against its enemies. Sufism focuses on the "greater" jihad against sin in oneself.
jinn
(from junna, "to be mad, furious, possessed"; singular jinni or genie). Shape-shifting fiery spirits, especially associated with the desert. Belief in jinn predates Islam, where they were widely believed to be the inspiration of poets and seers. In Islam, they are spiritual beings inferior to angels and devils who will face salvation or damnation along with humans.
jizya
Tax imposed on "People of the Book" living under Muslim rule.
jnana-marga
Path of knowledge and truth. One of three paths to moksa.
Johannine
Pertaining to the apostle John.
justification
The act by which God moves a sinner from a state of sin to a state of grace or, especially in Protestantism, the act by which God declares a sinner righteous.

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