Just the facts on religion.

Glossary of Religion

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Ganesha
("Lord of Hosts"). Also Ganesha, Vinayaka, Ekadanta, Lambodara, Siddhadata, Vighnaraja. God of wisdom and good fortune, represented with a pot belly and the head of an elephant. Ganesh has been one of the most popular Hindu gods since medieval times and is claimed by all sects as their own. As the remover of obstacles, he is invoked before religious ceremonies and worldly undertakings.
Ganga
The goddess of the sacred river Ganges in India. Its waters are used in worship and given to the dying to drink.
Gaon
(Hebrew, "eminence, excellence"). Title given to the head of the Babylonian academy and later to distinguished Talmud scholars in the 6th to 12th centuries.
Gelassenheit
Amish virtue of calmness, composure, and placidity.
Gemara
(Hebrew, "completion"). Commentary on the Mishnah. The Gemara and the Mishnah constitute the Talmud.
get
Divorce decree granted by a bet din.
gezeirah
Rabbinic law designed to prevent accidental violation of a mitzvah.
gilgul
(Hebrew, "transmigration"). The Jewish doctrine of the transmigration (reincarnation) of souls, taught by the founder of Karaism and found also in kabbalistic writings.
god
A male deity.
Godhead
Mormon concept of God the Father, the Son Jesus Christ, and the Holy Ghost as three individual beings who are united in purpose.
gold
Symbolizes the sun and great value.
golden fishes
(Sanskrit suvarnamatsya). Buddhist symbol of good fortune, fertility and salvation.
Good Friday
last Friday before Easter
gospel
(Greek evangelion; Old English godspel, "good news"). The content of Christian preaching; that is, that Christ died to save humans from the penalty of sin and reunite them with God. When capitalized, the word usually refers to one of the first four books of the New Testament, which relate the life of Christ.
goy
(Hebrew, "nation"; Yiddish, "Gentile"). Non-Jew. Sometimes used pejoratively, but the word itself is not negative.
grace
The undeserved gift of divine favor in the justification and then sanctification of sinners. The Greek term charis, usually translated in English as "grace," is about 150 times in the New Testament, mostly in the Pauline epistles.
gray
Symbolizes repentance.
Grayfriars
Name given to the Franciscans in England because of their gray robes.
Great Dionysia
Festival of Dionysus in Athens.
Great Schism
The division between Eastern and Western Christendom, which occurred in 1054 AD.
Greatest Name
One of the main symbols of the Bahá'í Faith, a calligraphized Arabic rendering of Yá Bahá'ul 'Abhá ("O Glory of the Most Glorious").
Greek cross
Cross with arms of equal length.
green
Symbolizes life and action.
guru
(Sanskrit) Spiritual teacher.

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