Just the facts on religion.

Glossary of Religion

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

dadouchos
The torchbearer, and second most important priest, of the Eleusian Mysteries. He was chosen from the lineage of the Kerykes for life. He wore a headbadn with a myrtle wreath, a robe of purple, and carried torches. The appointment was considered a great honor and there was often considerable competition for the position.
Dalai Lama
Head of the dominant school of Tibetan Buddhism, the Gelugpa (or Yellow Hats), and from 1642 to 1959, the spiritual and temporal leader of Tibet.
Darshanas
Hindu philosophy manuals based on the Vedas.
de
(Chinese) virtue
deity
A supernatural being believed to control some or all of the world and/or a personification of a force or natural feature.
Demut
Amish virtue of humility. Contrasted with Hochmut (pride).
Denne
In Zen Buddhism, the handing on of the robe as a symbol of the transmission of buddha-dharma in the lineage of patriarchs to a successor.
Deus volt
(Latin "God wills it"). The battle cry of the Crusaders.
Devi
Hindu Mother Goddess whose major forms are Durga, Parvati, and Kali. In the Vedas, the Goddess was associated with natural phenomena such as dawn, night, and the Ganges River. In the post-Vedic period, Mahadevi (Great Goddess) became the source of energy in the cosmos and the counterpart of Shiva. For Shaktas, she is not a counterpart but the supreme deity herself.
dharma
(Sanskrit; Pali dhamma). Truth, teaching, or religion.
dharma wheel
(Sanskrit dharmachakra). Buddhist symbol representing the Buddha's teachings. Often used as a symbol of Buddhism.
dharmachakra mudra
Buddhist hand gesture representing the turning of the wheel (of dharma).
dhyana
(Sanskrit; Pali jhana, Chinese ch'an, Japenese zen). Meditative concentration.
dhyana mudra
Buddhist hand gesture representing meditation.
diocese
A geographical region headed by a bishop, which usually includes several congregations. In Eastern Orthodoxy, a diocese is called an eparchy.
Dionysus
(also Bacchus). God of fruitfulness, vegetation, wine and ecstasy. Son of Zeus and Semele.
Dipamkara
First and most popular of the many Buddhas who preceded Gautama.
docetism
(Greek "to seem"). The belief that Christ only appeared to have a human body. Associated with Gnosticism and based on the dualistic belief that matter is evil and only spirit is good.
Donatism
Fourth century North African Christian faction, named for Bishop Donatus.
doxology
(Greek doxa, "glory"). A short hymn glorifying God.
duhkha
(Sanskrit; Pali dukkha). Suffering - the first of the Four Noble Truths.
Form of Monarchianism that teaches Jesus was a man who was adopted as the Son of God, or given the "power" (Gk. dynamos) of God, at his baptism or after his resurrection. Essentially synonymous with Adoptionism.

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