Compare Christianity vs. Islam


Christianity and Islam are the two largest religions in the world. Both share with Judaism a belief in one God who created the world and cares about the behavior and beliefs of human beings. To illustrate the similarities and differences between these religions, the following charts compares the origins, beliefs and practices of Christianity and Islam.

In recent centuries, mutual distrust between Christians and Muslims has continued to grow. On the other hand, some have pointed out that the conflict has more to do with political tensions and divergent cultural worldviews than with religion, and efforts have been made by both Christians and Muslims to find common ground and engage in respectful dialogue.

 ChristianityIslam
origins Based on life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, c. 30 CE, Roman province of Palestine. Based on teachings of the Prophet Muhammad; founded 622 CE in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
major splits Catholic-Orthodox (1054); Catholic-Protestant (1500s) Shia-Sunni (c. 650 CE)
original language Aramaic and Greek Arabic
adherents 2 billion 1.3 billion
texts Bible (Hebrew Bible + New Testament) Qur'an (Scripture); Hadith (tradition)
god(s) Holy Trinity = God the Father + God the Son + God the Holy Spirit One God (Allah in Arabic); the same God revealed (imperfectly) in the Jewish and Christian Bibles
Jesus was Son of God. Savior. Messiah. Second person of the Trinity. Incarnation of God. Word of God. True prophet sent by God, but message corrupted and superseded by Muhammad.
birth of Jesus virgin birth virgin birth
death of Jesus normal death plus spiritual suffering did not die; ascended into heaven during crucifixion
house of worship church or chapel mosque
main day of worship Sunday Friday