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published: 6/10/13

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ten commandments
The 10 Commandments
Circa 2nd century B.C.

Who was Shaphan?

Shaphan was the son of Azaliah and scribe of King Josiah.

He received from Hilkiah the Book of the Law which had been found in the Temple (2 Kings 22:3 ff; 2 Ch 34:8-28). It was from Shaphan's lips that Josiah heard the Law read. Shaphan was also one of those sent by the king to the prophetess Huldah (2 Ki 22; 2 Ch 34). He was undoubtedly one of the staunchest supporters of Josiah in his work of reform. He was the father of Ahikam ( 2 Kings 22:12 ; 2 Chronicles 34:20 ; Jeremiah 26:24 ), who befriended and protected the prophet Jeremiah. Another son, Elasah, was one of the two men entrusted by Jeremiah with his letter to the captives in Babylon (Jeremiah 29:3 ).

A third son, Gemariah, vainly tried to prevent King Jehoiakim from burning "the roll" (Jeremiah 36:10 , Jeremiah 36:11 , Jeremiah 36:12 , Jeremiah 36:25 ). The Micaiah of Jeremiah 36:11 , Jeremiah 36:12 , and Gedaliah, the governor of Judea after the captivity of 586 BC, were his grandsons (Jeremiah 39:14 ).

(2) Perhaps the father of Jaazaniah, one of the 70 men whom Ezekiel saw, in his vision of the Temple, sacrificing to idols (Ezekiel 8:11 ).



IBSE, "Isaac" (in the public domain) with minor edits.