Christianity Facts


adherents 2 billion
size rank 1st
UK adherents 1.6 million
clergy priests, ministers, pastors, bishops
place founded ancient Palestine under Roman rule
sacred text Bible (Hebrew Bible + New Testament)
texts Bible (Hebrew Bible + New Testament)
date founded 1st century CE
early expansion within 60 years, churches in major cities in Palestine, Turkey, Greece and Rome; entire Roman Empire by end of 4th cent.
founder(s) Jesus of Nazareth
original language Aramaic and Greek
origins Based on life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, c. 30 CE, Roman province of Palestine.
major splits Catholic-Orthodox (1054); Catholic-Protestant (1500s)
afterlife Eternal heaven or hell (or temporary purgatory).
bad afterlife eternal hell (not in all denominations); temporary purgatory (Catholicism)
good afterlife eternal heaven
authority after Scripture church fathers; church councils; papal decrees in Catholicism
other beings angels and demons
god(s) Holy Trinity = God the Father + God the Son + God the Holy Spirit
human nature human created good but all inherit "original sin" from Adam, causing a tendency to evil
Jesus was Son of God. Savior. Messiah. Second person of the Trinity. Incarnation of God. Word of God.
birth of Jesus virgin birth
death of Jesus normal death plus spiritual suffering
divinity of Jesus yes ("fully God and fully man" in Nicene Creed)
Jesus' purpose To die for the sins of humanity (atonement).
resurrection of Jesus yes
human life All have sinned and are thereby separated from God. Salvation is through faith in Christ and, for some, sacraments and good works.
revelation method(s) prophets; Jesus (as God incarnate); Bible
God's role in salvation predestination; various forms of grace; sometimes special revelation
salvation method(s) depending on denomination, one or more of: belief in Christ, baptism, and good deeds
view of sacred text inspired by God; some believe infallible in original languages
type of theism Trinitarian monotheism
view of Islam false religion
view of Judaism true religion but with incomplete revelation
homosexual orientation Not generally considered sinful in itself, though some see it as a purposeful perversion. Some accept it as a natural alternative, while others regard it as a non-chosen disorder akin to alcoholism.
homosexual activity Traditionally considered sinful. Many Christians and denominations continue to uphold this belief, while others have reconsidered it or in the process of doing so.
practices Prayer, Bible study, baptism, Eucharist (Communion), church on Sundays, numerous holidays.
main day of worship Sunday
house of worship church or chapel