Christianity, Islam, and Judaism are three of the most influential world religions in history. While Judaism isn't as large as Christianity and Islam, its impact on the world has still been as profound. Judaism, Islam, and Christianity are sometimes called "Abrahamic religions" because they trace their history to the ancient figure of Abraham, first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.
What do Christianity, Islam, and Judaism believe about God, the universe, people, and the afterlife, and how do those convictions compare with each other? The charts below are intended to start answering those questions. As a brief guide of the similarities and differences of Islam, Judaism and Christianity, the following chart compares the statistics, origins, history and religious beliefs of these three great monotheistic faiths.
|Adherents Called||Adherents||Main Locations||Texts||Religious Law||Clergy||House of Worship||Day of Worship||Date Founded||Place Founded||Original Languages||Expansion||Splits||Theism||Jesus||Birth of Jesus||Death of Jesus||Second Coming||Revelation||Scripture||Human Nature||Salvation||Good Afterlife||Bad Afterlife||Other Religions|
|Christianity||Christians||2 billion||Europe, North and South America, Africa||Bible (Hebrew Bible + New Testament)||Canon Law||priests, ministers, pastors, bishops||church or chapel||Sunday||1st century CE||ancient Palestine under Roman rule||Aramaic and Greek||within 60 years, churches in major cities in Palestine, Turkey, Greece and Rome; entire Roman Empire by end of 4th cent.||Catholic-Orthodox (1054); Catholic-Protestant (1500s)||Trinitarian monotheism||Son of God, God incarnate, Word of God, Messiah, savior of the world||virgin birth||normal death plus spiritual suffering||affirmed||prophets; Jesus (as God incarnate); Bible||inspired by God; some believe inerrant in original languages||created good but all inherit "original sin" from Adam, causing a tendency to evil||correct belief, faith, good deeds, sacraments (Protestants emphasize faith alone)||eternal Heaven||eternal Hell (most denominations)|
|Islam||Muslims||1.3 billion||Middle East, Southeast Asia||Qur'an (sacred text); Hadith (tradition)||Sharia||imams||mosque||Friday||622 CE||Arabia||Arabic||within 12 years, entire Arabian peninsula; within 100 years, Muslim world stretched from the Atlantic to China||Shia-Sunni (c. 650 CE)||strict monotheim||true prophet of God, whose message has been corrupted||virgin birth||did not die; ascended into heaven during crucifixion||affirmed||earlier prophets (message corrupted); Prophet Muhammad as recorded perfectly in Qur'an||inspired, literal word of God; inerrant in original language||born with equal ability to do good or evil||correct belief, good deeds, Five Pillars||Paradise||Hell|
|Judaism||Jews||14 million||Israel, Europe, USA||Hebrew Bible (Tanakh); Talmud||Halakhah||rabbis||synagogue or temple||Saturday||c. 7th century BCE||ancient Palestine||Hebrew||little expansion; mostly confined to Palestine area throughout history||Reform-Orthodox (1800s CE)||strict monotheism||false prophet||normal birth||normal death||denied||prophets, recorded in Hebrew Bible||views vary||two equal impulses, one good and one bad||belief in God, good deeds||views vary: either heaven or no afterlife||views vary: either eternal Gehenna, reincarnation, or no afterlife|
|Title||Christianity and Islam and Judaism|
|Published||August 2, 2015|
|Updated||November 10, 2015|
|MLA Citation||“Christianity and Islam and Judaism.” ReligionFacts.com. 10 Nov. 2015. Web. Accessed 1 Oct. 2016. <www.religionfacts.com/|