Confucius is said to have advocated primary colors (blue, yellow, red, white and black) rather than "intermediate" colors (like purple) and to have avoided wearing red because he considered it a female color. Funeral dress is traditionally white, and made of a course material such as sackcloth to symbolize mourning.
The robes of Chinese Buddhist monks were much like those in India, although in the T'ang Dynasty (AD 618–907) they were noted for being black. Taoist robes, on the other hand, are traditionally yellow. During the Yellow Turban movement (second century CE), missionaries and priests wore yellow robes and the followers wore yellow headdresses.