||Reincarnation (understood differently than in Hinduism, with no surviving soul) until gain enlightenment
||Purpose is to avoid suffering and gain enlightenment and release from cycle of rebirth, or at least attain a better rebirth by gaining merit.
||Based on teachings of Siddharta Gautama (the Buddha) in c. 520 BC, NE India.
||Meditation, mantras, devotion to deities (in some sects), mandalas (Tibetan)
||Tripitaka (Pali Canon); Mahayana sutras like the Lotus Sutra; others.
||Varies: Theravada atheistic; Mahayana more polytheistic. Buddha taught nothing is permanent.